History of Muslim-Heritage and Silicon Valley (1976—Present)
Pierre Omidyar of eBay, Inc.
Pierre Omidyar:— is the founder of the pioneering internet auction/trading website "eBay", which launched in September 1995. He was born on June 21st, 1967 in France to Iranian parents of Muslim heritage.[n. 1] His real name is Parviz Omidyar, and he grew up amongst the "tight knit" north African Muslim community of Paris, where his mother had originally met her husband, having grown up as a Sufi Muslim herself.[n. 2] His mother is the head of the Roshan Cultural Heritage Institute, which promotes Iranian culture and arts, where he himself is now the director. His father was a surgeon who worked for John Hopkins University, but little is known about him (Omidyar himself has never gone into extensive details about him in the wider press). Omidyar's auction website has been so successful that at one point during the Great Recession of 2008 to 2013, the website had 100 million active users (defined as those who had bought and sold items within the last 12 months of that year), generating at least $4 billion dollars in sales volume per month (extrapolated to $48 billion dollars in sales volume per year). Other sources have said that eBay generates a sales volume of $2,000 dollars per second. Omidyar's own wealth has been estimated to be around the region of $7.7 billion dollars to $10.2 billion dollars between 2005 and 2007. Currently Forbes estimates his wealth to amount to a steady $8.1 billion dollars. In 2016, eBay had a marketplace activity of $80 billion dollars.
The origins of eBay have some associated mythology, with the prime reason for the website allegedly having been found in order to let his wife Pamela Omidyar to sell Pez Dispensers. However this isn't entirely true. Omidyar was interested in having an auction website in order to create a free, open and fair platform in which to exchange goods, services and anything else of value, allowing the market to have a greater control over pricing rather than companies themselves. He set up "Auction Web" (later to be renamed "eBay"), and carried out consultancy work under the name of Echo Bay Technology Group. This was the company that would be merged over with his website to create the auction platform he is famous for today. A year later in 1996, a total of 41,000 users had registered onto the site. Their online community exploded and by 1997 ratings had to be brought in because Omidyar couldn't mediate all the disputes that were occurring between buyers. Their reviewing system brough eBay even more popularity as trust began to form a more reliable format. In 1999, eBay opened offices in Germany, the United Kingdom and Australia (and it now had a audience of 10 million active users). In 2002 he had acquired PayPal, and by 2005 his total employee base swelled to 10,000. In the same year he had acquired Skype. The website allows almost anything and everything to be sold, from junk, newly manufactured items, televisions, phones, aeroplanes, and even kidneys, and real estate.
Jawad Karim of YouTube, Inc.
Jawad Karim:— YouTube is a video platforming website that has been in operation since 2005, and was primarily the idea of Jawad Karim, who first proposed the idea to his future partners Steve Chen and Chad Hurley at a dinner party in California. Karim had grown frustrated at the fact he couldn't watch the infamous Janet Jackson wardrobe malfunction live on TV at the 38th Super Bowel, as well as a desire to see the aftermath of the 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami in Indonesia (a Muslim country), where over 225,000 people died. Karim approached the two, and the three of them set to work building the site (Karim and Chen were in charge of the technical side whilst Hurley affected the aesthetics). By May 2005, the website went live for beta testing. Karim had met the two whilst he was working for PayPal (which was later bought by eBay for $1.54 billion dollars), in 2000, having originally named it "Tune In Hook Up". Amidst the Islamophobic atmosphere in the US,[n. 3] he was largely denied the credit he deserved, and soon became "forgotten" (he wasn't even mentioned in the press during these early years).[n. 4] Google eventually bought YouTube for $1.65 billion dollars—$1.76 billion dollars, at a time when the website was averaging 100 million views every day, and 72 million unique visitors per month. Rather unusually, Karim didn't receive much, making only $65 million dollars;[n. 5] Hurley and Chen got between $326—345 million dollars each.[n. 6]
The cultural significance of YouTube has been immense. And a particularly noteworthy inclusion is the amount of Islamophobic rhetoric on the site. Pat Condell for instance was one of the first openly hostile racists to make a channel mostly dedicated to hating Muslims (and still does to this day); openly calling European Muslims "the enemy within", along with a host of video titles such as "Ha Ha Islamophobia", "Boo Hoo Palestine" and "Why I Support Israel". Condell has denied being a racist but has used explicit racist language and phrases such as "Arabs don't know the meaning of peace" and "Arabs...want blood.". It is therefore unsurprising that Condell was one of the people who had radicalised Anders Behring Brevik, who murdered 77 children in Utoeya, Norway, because he hated Muslims and mutliculturalism. Other gems include "Rebel Media", "Sargon of Akkad" (who appropriates Persian culture and history and then serially lies and manipulates his viewers into believing seemingly unconnected facts) and atheists such as "Thunderf00t" who threatened Muslims with genocide (a Muslim, named "DawahFilms", spoke out against him, saying that if he ever threatened any Muslim, Muslims "will send him to the God he wish he knew"). Yet another is "TheAmazingAtheist" (well known for sodomising himself with a banana and pouring boiling oil over his bollocks), and "MrRepzion" (a depressed man-child) who made a racist video because he was angry because one Muslim had washed his feet in a public bathroom).
Steve Jobs of Apple, Inc.
Steve Jobs, the co-founder of Apple (alongside Steve Wozniak who later retired in 1985), is of Syrian Muslim background on his paternal father's side. Jobs was born on February 24th, 1955 to a Muslim family, although his mother—Joanne Schieble—was of Swiss/German-American Roman Catholic heritage, who probably converted over to Islam at one point given that her boyfriend—Abdulfatteh Jandali—went to back to Homs, Syria in 1954 for two months, where she learned how to cook Syrian cuisine. Schieble, who came from a repressive household where Catholic females were tightly controlled, rebelled and asserted her own independence at the "University of Wisconsin" when she decided to open up a relationship with a Muslim. Jandali had moved to the US to work as a teaching assistant, originally coming from a well off family; his father owned several oil refineries in Damascus and Homs, and had even had a monopoly on the wheat industry there. Jandali graduated from American University, Beirut, moving to the US to study a PhD in economics and political science. It was during the two months in Syria, the summer of 1954, that Jobs was conceived by the two. Schieble and Jandali went back to the US with the hope that they would get married, but when her father found out he was so maddened that he threatened to disown his daughter outright for wanting to marry him. She couldn't abort the baby either given the years of social stigma she'd underwent growing up Catholic. Conflicted, she ran away to a home for unwed mothers, headed by a medical doctor in San Francisco, California.
According to witnesses, Jobs exhibited a specific, perhaps excessive, amount of cruelty in business practice, which could be traced back to his sense of feeling abandoned by his biological parents. He also—somewhat cruelly—only referred to them as his "sperm and egg bank" and "nothing more", though it later became public knowledge that he searched for them privately.[n. 8] Later in his life however, he would get extremely defensive about who his real parents were, wincing whenever someone called his adoptive parents his "adoptive parents". His real mother had fled out of the fear of her own "tyrant" father, and through this fear, she had also abandoned Jandali as much as she had Jobs. Her situation was not easy, and she was full of shame, and was most likely confused as to what to do. Her father was also dying at this point, though she also wanted to desperately keep him; but at the same time she didn't want to be homeless, and so decided a productive future with the right potential adoptees was best. Jobs later met his mother formally through his biological sister, Mona, but never his father; distrusting him for blackmail, as he didn't want to risk the press knowing about his private life. It was rather hypocritical/ironic of Jobs to do this, as since 1978 he had done the same as his parents, abandoning his real-life daughter Lisa Brennan whom he'd conceived in 1978, publicly denying she was ever his even when a DNA test determined she was 94.1% likely his.
Six months later, Schieble's father passed away, freeing her to marry Jandali. The couple had a second child, who they named Mona. The marriage broke down for an unknown reason (possibly financial or adoption related). Schieble left him when Jandali had to go back to Syria to start working. In 1962 they legally divorced each other. Their relationship had been left fractured; after he had left, for at least 10 years he lost contact with his biological daughter. Then when he managed to get back in touch, he lost her again when Schieble decided to move house. By 2005, he had again been in contact with her, and has since done so, seeing her three times a year. Schieble went through several more divorces throughout her life. After 1986, when Jobs' adoptive mother had died, he managed to finally make contact his real sister, and then his real mother. Jobs grew to love them, often comparing Mona to Patti, with whom he was never close. The two thereafter actively searched for their father, locating a restaurant owned by him that Jobs used to frequent. He decided only Mona should visit him, where she kept any knowledge of Jobs away from him. It was only through the internet did Jandali find out that Jobs was his son; but Steve never contacted his father again.[n. 9] Why so, is not precisely known. Perhaps it was the political developments in the Middle-east and the US; rampant Islamophobia/anti-Arabism took hold of the US by the 1990s; his father had been an Arab nationalist at universities in the Middle-east.