Incarceration of Ahmed—"Clock-Boy"—Mohammad (2015)

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Indicator Figures
Date of Incident September 14th, 2015
Age of Child 14 (fourteen)
No. of Police Officers 5 (five)
Outcome Hastily Released
Cause of Incident Islamophobic Racism.
Location MacArthur High School
Dallas, Texas, US

The "Clock-Boy Conspiracy Theory" was an event that occurred on September 15th, 2015, in Irving, Texas, when Ahmed Mohammad—a 14 year old African American Muslim—was arrested and interrogated by five police officers, who illegally detained him, taking him to a juvenile center without his parents consent for inventing a "digital clock pencil case". The school principal and law enforcement officers attempted to force Ahmed to sign a confession that he had brought a "hoax" bomb to school, after having shown his clock to several of his teachers, just to impress them.

He was photographed by his sister being arrested in a shirt made by the NASA space agency, which immediately went viral on the internet, after Anil Dash was asked to tweet it, which drew increased outrage, shock and anger at his arrest, as well as later provoking much support and opposition for his innovative and inquisitive nature. Some 400,000 tweets were recorded within the first 24 hours, with a host of celebrities, academic institutions, government officials, and internet personalities rallying to his support, including NASA, Google, Facebook, Twitter and Microsoft.

Ahmed was later released without charge, moving to Qatar after being awarded a scholarship. After his release Conservative American media and politicians attacked Mohammad and even attempted to link him to terrorist attacks. Richard Dawkins, came out and even compared Ahmed to the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL), also known as Daesh, and who also later compared Muslims, who are largely non-White, with Nazis, who were White. Ahmed met with the President of the United States, Barak Obama, a few months later, who also tweeted his support prior.

Racism & American Muslims

Racism Against Muslims: Muslims are often scapegoated in America for committing acts of violence on behalf of their faith.[n. 1] American news organisations frequently run segments that ask if Islam "promotes violence", which "is sort of like asking if Judaism promotes greed".[1] A few days after the conpiracy, presidential candidate, Ben Carson came out and attacked Muslims, saying a "Muslim should not be elected as president" of the United States and that "I would not advocate that we put a Muslim in charge of this nation". Around "54% of Republicans would not vote for a well-qualified Muslim nominee from their own party; 39% of independents and 27% of Democrats said the same".[2] Between 2003 and 2007, a poll of American's conducted by PEW, Gallup and others found between 38%—61% of Americans would not vote for a Muslim president.[3] Muslim hater and Jewish extremist Pamella Geller, often deny's she is anti-Muslim whilst continously being allowed to propagandize and encourage attacks against Muslims.[4] She has been also been caught saying "[e]lecting a Muslim president would be dangerous".[5] Geller is also a terrorist sympathizer who justified Ander B. Breviks mass murder of Norweigan children in Utoya, and protected his identity from being revealed in 2007 when Brevik said he'd began to stockpile weapons for an attack on her website.[6][7] She also claimed it was right for Brevik to commit his mass murder since most of those who attended didn't look "look" Norwegian.[7]

Anti-Muslim bus advertisements.
The worst terrorist attack in Canada and the UK was by Sikhs.

Racism Against Muslims: Less than 2% of terrorist attacks in Europe have been linked to Islamists; and in contrast, 98% of terrorist attacks were found not to have been religiously motivated.[8] European separatist organisations have committed virtually all terrorist attacks in Europe in the same time period.[8] Further, data compiled by the FBI from 1980 to 2005 has shown that Islamists committed only 6% of terror attacks in the United States.[9] Jewish terrorism on the other hand, similarly compiled by the FBI and published by the University of Princeton's "Loon Watch", has noted make up a staggering 7% of all terror attacks in the United States (Chaim Herzog, former President of Israel, has been on record as stating that the "United States" is “a breeding ground” for "Jewish terror");[10] and Latino terrorism has been found to be as high as 42%.[11] At least 209 of these attacks as documented by the FBI strictly involved bombings.[11] Additionally, between 2001 and 2015, there were 190,000 murders in the United States, only 37 of these were done by Muslim Americans (indeed Muslims as a whole worldwide are far more peaceful than non-Muslim societies, having a murder rate of 2.4 per 100,000 when compared to 7.5 per 100,000, even when authoritarianism was factored in the study[12][13]).[9] For the UK and Canada, the worst terrorist attack ever was by Sikhs who bombed Air India Flight 182, murdering some 329 passengers in 1985 (it was the most deadly terror attack involving a plane and a bomb); with another exploding in Tokyo, killing two.[14]

Gun Deaths:— Additionally in the US, non-Muslims are far more likely to die of guns than Muslims; with there being some 32,000 deaths per year.[15] This is however, an incomplete number as some gun related deaths are left out in statistics compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).[15] In 47 years, since 1968, approximately 1,516,863 Americans lost their lives owed to gun violence up to 2015.[16] From 2000 to 2013, 464,033 Americans died owed to gun violence, in the same decade when America invaded Iraq (from 2004 to 2008 according to the most reliable data and methodological study conducted by the medical journal, the Lancet using cluster data, 655,000 Iraqis died as a result of American violence[17]) and Afghanistan (approximately 92,000 people also died in the 2001 Afghan war, with 26,000 of them directly being civilians)[18])[16] both of which it lost.[19] Around 6,000 of those who die in the United States through gun related violence are under 26, in 2015.[15] In the space of three years, since the Sandy Hook elementary school shooting, the United States had 1,000 mass shootings.[20] The FBI has defined a mass shooting as an attack that ends up with the deaths of four or more people in one single incident.[21] Further, gun related deaths globally were 100,000 per year (this was the peak in 2007; by 2010 this had declined to approximately 50,000 per year.[22] From 1970 to 2014, 3,521 Americans died from terrorism related incidents (this included the one off major outlier; the September 11th incident where some 2,973[22] died including 31[23] Muslim victims).[22]

School shootings (1999-2006).

Arrest & Interrogation

Background: Ahmed first started high school at MacArthur High School, Dallas, Texas and was a part of the 7th grade, originally coming from Sam Houston Middle School, having spoken virtually no English whatsoever when he first got there.[24][25] By the time he entered the 7th grade Ahmed was totally fluent, and also made a reputation of himself as an electronics whiz kid.[25] In one instance, he built a remote control to control classroom projectors, and switch them off at his own command.[25] On another occasion he waterproofed an electronic car so that it could run both on ground and water, and also managed invent a type of mobile phone charger; using a broken USB cord and other spare parts to construct it for his phone that he could carry it around all day.[24] Ralph Kubiak, his history teacher, commented that "[h]e was a weird little kid...I saw a lot of him in me. That thirst for knowledge [...] he’s one of those kids that could either be CEO of a company or head of a gang".[25] At the same time he was being bullied by his class for his Muslim heritage, frequently called "ISIS boy" by his peers (in stark contrast he was known as the "Inventor Kid" in Sam Houston Middle School, where he was known for making "crazy contraptions"[24]).[25] Ahmed was even able to sell some of his inventions in middle school, and also helped his class fix electronics for them.[24] In stark contrast, at MacArthur High School he was violently attacked in the school hallway, but ended up himself being suspended for defending himself.[25]

MacArthur High School, where the racism took place.
Arrest photo.

Arrest & Interrogation:— Ahmed was completely new to MacArthur High School, and wanted to impress his teachers by bringing in something "cool".[26] He brought in his clock and showed it to several teachers, explaining what he had invented.[26] However his teachers did not take kindly to his innovative contraption and immediately called the police who handcuffed him.[26] When Ahmed walked into the principals office, one of several police officers were waiting and, upon seeing him, yelled out "yep, that's who I thought it was".[27] Under the interrogation of the several police officers and the school principal, principal Daniel Cummings threatened to expel Ahmed if he did not write an apology to the school, which Cummings later said he could not remember, could "not fathom".[28] His family were eventually forced to write a statement "I built a clock. The police think it’s a bomb".[28] Ahmed repeatedly asked the officers for his parents when he was being interrogated at school, and again whilst illegally being detained at a juvenile detention center.[28] He was later fingerprinted and interrogated again at the center.[28] Texas law states "[a] child may not be left unattended in a juvenile processing office and is entitled to be accompanied by the child’s parent, guardian, or other custodian or by the child’s attorney" (§Sec. 52.025§).[28] The police chief could not provide an explanation as to the officers illegal detainment, when questioned later by reporters.[28] Cummings, in a hysterical move, also sent out a letter to the parents of MacArthur High School, highlighting that their children were "safe".[29]

Forced Confession: What was perhaps more shocking was that Ahmed was forced to sign a confession under duress (under threat of expulsion).[30] His sister was also interviewed and was similarly expelled for 3 days; saying "I got suspended from school for three days from this stupid same district, from this girl saying I wanted to blow up the school, something I had nothing to do with".[30] A mere 24 hours after his arrest, the hashtag #Istandwithahmed was tweeted over 400,000 times by supporters.[31] Iriving Police Department later came out and said there was no evidence available to charge Ahmed.[32] One month after his arrest, Ahmed was offered a scholarship from the Qatar Foundation, joining the young innovators programme.[33] The Foundation also offered to pay for his sisters education.[33] The family moved to Qatar in October 2015, with his father saying "We are going to move to a place where my kids can study and learn, and all of them being accepted by that country", but Ahmed himself is still bitter that "[t]here are a lot of stereotypes for people who are foreigners and have Muslim names", noting that "[t]his would not have happened to any of my classmates".[33] This is true given how a White high school teenager, Taylor Wilson, had built a nuclear device in his home, and was praised so much by the authorities that they offered him help to build it further.[34] According to reports, "Homeland Security and the Department of Energy got wind of what Taylor was up to and invited him to Washington".[34][35]

Irving Police Chief.

Response

Silicon Valley Support & Virality

Outpouring of Support:— Ahmed received an outpouring of support from many personalities, intellectuals, research institutions, technology companies, and anti-racist campaigners, as well as government officials (including Muslim congressman Keith Ellison,[36], Barack H. Obama, the president of the United States[36][37] and Hilery Clinton[36][37]). Google offered him a seat at their science fair (where he met with it's founder Sergey Brin),[38][39] An MIT spokeswomen told Ahmed that he was the "ideal student...[a] creative, independent thinker like you is the kind of person who should be becoming a physicist".[38] Twitter offered Ahmed an internship.[38] Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg said "[h]aving the skill and ambition to build something cool should lead to applause, not arrest. The future belongs to people like Ahmed. Ahmed, if you ever want to come by Facebook, I'd love to meet you. Keep building".[37][40] Asian American inventor and host of Mythbusters, Grant Imahara,[41] NASA systems engineer for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Bobak Ferdowsi ("mohawk guy"[42]),[36][43] NASA astronaut Chris Hadfield,[36][43] all came out in support as well. LaunchGood raised $20,065 dollars in donations for a scholarship for the teenager, from 368 donors.[44] Shonda Rhymes, producer of the award winning medical drama "Grey's Anatomy" and political thriller "Scandel"),[36] Russell Simmons, founder of Def Jam Records,[36] Questlove Gomez, musician for "The Tonight Show With Jimmy Fallon",[36] and actress Sophia Bush also threw in their support.[36] George Takei also wrote him a letter of support.[45]

"Mohawk Guy".
You may have heard the story of Ahmed Mohamed, the 14-year old Dallas student who was arrested after bringing a home-made clock in to show his teacher. They believed it was a bomb, likely because Ahmed is a Muslim. Since I don't know how to reach this young man directly, I thought I'd post a letter to him here.
Dear Ahmed,
I’ve never met you, and it’s quite possible you’ve never heard of me, but my name is George Takei. I am many decades older than you, but your story and your experience—when you were arrested at your school simply because you brought in a clock for your teacher--struck a chord with me. You see, when I was a bit younger than you, I was also viewed by others as “the enemy” and treated as such, simply because I happened to look like the people who had attacked America.
Like you, I was just a kid trying to find his place in the world. I loved my country, and I looked forward to all the opportunities and challenges ahead. But my childhood was interrupted by fear and ignorance. When the authorities came for you because they believed you had built a bomb, I was reminded, in a way, of when the army came for us. They ordered us out of our home believing we were suspicious people because of our names, our faces, our ancestry. I spent my childhood in an internment camp because of that fear and ignorance.
But I want you to know, while America may have done a terrible thing to me and my family, and to 120,000 other Japanese Americans, I have great hope for this country, and I believe we do learn. There was a Japanese word we often said in the camps: Gaman. It means to keep on keeping on, with dignity and fortitude. I think you understand this word already. While certain school officials and police officers may have shown you the worst side of our nation, I understand many others have since shown you the best side. I was touched to hear you say that we all have to be true to ourselves.
Ahmed, you are now part of the story of America, and many will learn from your fine example. I see great things ahead for you.
—George Takei. 17 September 2015. Facebook Page, where the photo received more than 286,000 "likes".
Microsoft.

Microsoft went a step further than all organisations and celebrities who had shown their support; with Ahmed being given "Microsoft Surface Pro 3" valued between $700—$1,400 dollars, a "Cube 3D" printer with added cartridges and filaments valued at more than $1,000 dollars, an "Office 365" email subscription worth an estimated $100 dollars per year, a "Raspberry Pi-2" modifiable computer valued at $35 dollars, and a "Microsoft Band" fitness tracker worth an estimated $180 dollars.[46] In total this came to a gift of more than $2,015—$2,715 dollars; with the gifts being given via Alia Salem for the Council for American-Islamic Relations.[46] The company had tweeted "Enjoy...we can’t wait to see what you create with it all!".[47] Many vloggers also showed their disdain at Ahmed's arrest and incarceration. AlphaOmegaSin for instance, who has 412,000 subscribers, ranted for more than 7 minutes straight in support of Ahmed that received more than 140,000 views.[48] He was also interviewed by Mehdi Hassan for Al Jazeera in a video that accrued more than 78,000 views.[49] Ahmed eventually met Barack Obama on October 20th, 2015 on the "night of stars"; an annual event at the White House commemorating science.[50] Obama was criticized by right wing Republican presidential hopeful Ted Cruz, who claimed Ahmed's meeting with Obama "would show more respect for the Muslim student" than the police officers.[50] He also met NASA representatives, such as ex-astronaut John Grunsfeld.[50] He had previously visited Google, Facebook and the President of Sudan.[50]

Opposition & Conspiracies

Further Racism: Bill Maher, an anti-vaccine activist and atheist, said the teacher was "right" to bring the clock to school officials attention, claiming that it "looks exactly like a fucking bomb". However this is blatantly false, as it contains no visible explosive equipment;[51] this from photographs of the dissembled clock.[51] The clock simply consisted of five typical devices found in electronics; a transformer, battery, button board, seven-segment display, and main board.[51] It was also placed into a square metal pencil case (a "vaultz" pencil case; which was so small, that it did not even resemble a briefcase as some hostile outlets claimed).[51] In addition, none of the teachers were able to work out the clock was a clock given how simple the device's components were (some commentators have alluded to the fact that this may be unsurprising given the fact that this was in Texas, where 23% of residents have been classified as "stupid" according to polling; noted for their paranoia of Obama being "Muslim", which is often used as a slur in American politics).[52] Texans also teach their children that evolution is an "unproven theory", with no "experimental basis".[53][54] Maher also further defended arresting Muslim children,[55] Such extreme forms of Islamophobia often have racial dimensions, exemplified by Maher treating Muslims as if they are one race.[56][n. 2] Interestingly "race" itself is not a scientific concept, yet it is entirely possible to be racist.[57][58][n. 3] Maher also accused all Muslims of "act[ing] like the mafia", promoting further racism.[59]

Ahmed Mohamed's clock and it's simple components.
Ahmed was compared to ISIS by Dawkins.

Richard Dawkins, evolutionary biologist, and atheist, outrageously implied that Ahmed "wanted to be arrested" in "order to be seen as a victim of discrimination".[60][60] When interviewed about his bizarre allegations against Ahmed deliberately did it to get national attention.[60] Dawkins further claimed "I’m always being accused of Islamophobia, that’s a non-word" but went on to elaborate on his own conspiracy theory further; "[y]ou have to ask the question: [w]hy would a boy take a screwdriver to a clock, take the works out, and put it in a box?”.[60] It should be noted that Ahmed was studying in an electronics class. This isn't the first time Dawkins has attacked Muslims dishonestly, on Eid celebrations in 2013, he viciously tweeted a racist statement, claiming "[a]ll the world's Muslims have fewer Nobel Prizes than Trinity College, Cambridge".[61] Despite neither the Chinese nor Indians having won any either (who make up approximately a third of the world's population) Dawkins deliberately chose to attack Muslims (the public later pointed out that he himself has never won a nobel prize which has only been running for 100 years).[61] In another instance he branded all Muslims as "nazis", saying "[o]f course you can have an opinion about Islam without having read Qur'an. You don't have to read Mein Kampf to have an opinion about nazism".[62] Dawkins also defended paedophilia, claiming sexual abuse does no long term harm to children.[63] Dakwins later compared Ahmed building a clock to Daesh (ISIL) killing people.[64][65]

Former vice presidential candidate, and former governer of Alaska, Sarah Palin, released a statement calling Ahmed an "obstinate-answering student" who brought in the clock, which "obviously could be seen by teachers" as a "bomb-looking contraption".[66] Palin has previously attacked Muslims (specifically Syrians in context of the Syrian Civil War), sarcastically saying, to rapturous laughter and applause, "let Allah sort it out".[67] Palin is well known for her psycho-babble, incongruity, incoherence, atrocious grammar and a general lack of speaking in English; unique, given that she was born in the USA.[68][69][70][71] At a relaxed private conservative talk show interview, Palin was even unable to name even one of the founding fathers of the United States.[72] Other right wing supporters "criticized his behavior as being intentionally provocative" and attempted to link him to another terrorist incident that had nothing to do with him, with former congressman, Black racist, mock-executioner and dishonourbly discharged soldier[73][74] Allen West, attacking him and calling him "boo boo".[75] In contrast, 29, mostly non-White congressmen and women signed a letter requesting for an investigation to take place on "the civil rights violations that took place during the unjust arrest of Ahmed Mohamed".[76] Bobby Jindal, Indian Louisiana governor, who is frequently berated for portraying himself as a White American rather than Indian,[77] even commented on the issue. He has previously been implicated spreading many sinister lies against British Muslims.[n. 4]

West—war criminal—outraged at Mohammad.

Analysis & Legacy

Other Incidents:— Ahmed's arrest drew attention to numerous other cases[n. 5] surrounding Muslim students in the US.[78] One particular student, Hisham Bedri, of Sudanese Muslim origin, became extremely cautious of the idea of carrying a pressure cooker across campus that would be used in sterilizing his laboratory equipment, less than a month after the Boston Marathon incident.[78] However, he did not fully take in account the hysteria in the state, and began walking to his lab. Within 10 minutes he was confronted by police officers who stood outside his dorm room, responding to three phone calls from several students.[78] Campus police visited him a second time again, and requested to speak with him, armed without a warrant, repeatedly threatening to report him to "the committee on discipline" if he did not open his door.[78] Had it not been for an "Iron Man" poster on his wall, officers told him he was "this close to being on a plane to Washington to meet the FBI".[78] In another incident, this time at a high school, student Mohammad Ali, was called "al-Qaida junior" by one of his teachers, who also deliberately tried to put him down; saying "[l]et’s face it, Mohammad – you aren’t bright enough"; Ali, however went on to graduate with three science degrees from Stanford University.[78] In yet another incident, a Muslim students phone beeped in class and the professor asked if it was "a bomb".[78] Further, at least 55% of Muslim students have been bullied at some time for their religion.[79]

55% of Muslim students have been bullied.
American schools have smoke bombs.

Ahmed's unjust arrest also drew attention to the feelings of mass paranoia and security in American schools,[80] known to be armoured with bullet proof whiteboards, classroom panic buttons, and door barricades.[80] Around 70% of them have "shooting drills" (that include lock-down schedules, up to "hyper-realistic" blood stained gun shot victims; where consultants also actively train schoolteachers on how to fight back against "intruders").[80] Students have even been asked to bring in canned food in case they could use it to attack shooters.[80] One school even spent $400,000 dollars on a security system that included internet connected surveillance camera's, and built in smoke bombs.[80] This fear is not without warrant, but in Ahmed's case, 90% of school shooters who have committed "suicide-by-mass-murder" have primarily been by White males (said to be "a direct reflection of White male privilege"; with the crimes repeatedly given the excuse of "mental illness" when the crimes have "a voice that has a race and a gender". One particular study notes "[o]n top of all of this is the additional element of White privilege, furthering the notion that White males, as society tells them, are the alphas...This embedded privilege...becomes dangerous when they don’t get from women what they’ve been told they deserve or are entitled to. In many cases, this leads to incidents of domestic violence or rape...[then]...doing something catastrophic [for] media attention".[81]

Other issues which were raised was that the White minority in Irving, Texas was manufacturing fear in order to still cling to an all White leadership council, despite the fact that 50% of the demographic is Hispanic.[82] The town's White mayor, Beth Van Duyne, has also even attempted to pointlessly "ban" Shariah (Islamic Personal Law), impossible since it is similar to the Jewish Beth Din Laws.[82] Others yet pointed out the arrest and prosecution of other children who had even been jailed in a "school to prison pipeline" culture.[82] Noe Nino de Rivera for instance spent 52 days in a coma after being tasered by a law enforcement officer, Josh Welch was arrested for bringing in a pastry that was shaped like a gun, and black Kiera Wilmot who was charged after her science experiment went wrong and exploded.[82] The town's White minority is so racist to the point that despite African Americans making up 13% of all school children, they are suspended at a rate of not more than 25%.[82] The White minority had criminalized truanting, and given school police officers the power to issue tickets for "minor offences", which were only repealed two years prior to the Ahmed Mohammad's incident.[82] Al Jazeera perfectly surmised the terrorizing nature of Irving's White minority; "[a]lthough an excellent student, with no record of insubordination, Mohamed’s otherwise pristine record was instantly extinguished by the threat his Muslim background posed. Reality was trumped by the school’s imagined threat of terror, converting a loved student into a perceived radical. Ahmed is also Sudanese American, raising the likelihood that anti-Black racism overlapped with Islamophobia to cast him as suspicious and threatening".[83]

Whites are a minority. Irving, TX.

Indicator Figures
Date of Incident September 14th, 2015
Age of Child 14 (fourteen)
No. of Police Officers 5 (five)
Outcome Hastily Released
Cause of Incident Islamophobic Racism.
Location MacArthur High School
Dallas, Texas, US

The "Clock-Boy Conspiracy Theory" was an event that occurred on September 15th, 2015, in Irving, Texas, when Ahmed Mohammad—a 14 year old African American Muslim—was arrested and interrogated by five police officers, who illegally detained him, taking him to a juvenile center without his parents consent for inventing a "digital clock pencil case". The school principal and law enforcement officers attempted to force Ahmed to sign a confession that he had brought a "hoax" bomb to school, after having shown his clock to several of his teachers, just to impress them.

He was photographed by his sister being arrested in a shirt made by the NASA space agency, which immediately went viral on the internet, after Anil Dash was asked to tweet it, which drew increased outrage, shock and anger at his arrest, as well as later provoking much support and opposition for his innovative and inquisitive nature. Some 400,000 tweets were recorded within the first 24 hours, with a host of celebrities, academic institutions, government officials, and internet personalities rallying to his support, including NASA, Google, Facebook, Twitter and Microsoft.

Ahmed was later released without charge, moving to Qatar after being awarded a scholarship. After his release Conservative American media and politicians attacked Mohammad and even attempted to link him to terrorist attacks. Richard Dawkins, came out and even compared Ahmed to the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL), also known as Daesh, and who also later compared Muslims, who are largely non-White, with Nazis, who were White. Ahmed met with the President of the United States, Barak Obama, a few months later, who also tweeted his support prior.

Racism & American Muslims

Anti-Muslim bus advertisements.

Racism Against Muslims: Muslims are often scapegoated in America for committing acts of violence on behalf of their faith.[n. 6] American news organisations frequently run segments that ask if Islam "promotes violence", which "is sort of like asking if Judaism promotes greed".[1] A few days after the conpiracy, presidential candidate, Ben Carson came out and attacked Muslims, saying a "Muslim should not be elected as president" of the United States and that "I would not advocate that we put a Muslim in charge of this nation". Around "54% of Republicans would not vote for a well-qualified Muslim nominee from their own party; 39% of independents and 27% of Democrats said the same".[2] Between 2003 and 2007, a poll of American's conducted by PEW, Gallup and others found between 38%—61% of Americans would not vote for a Muslim president.[3] Muslim hater and Jewish extremist Pamella Geller, often deny's she is anti-Muslim whilst continously being allowed to propagandize and encourage attacks against Muslims.[4] She has been also been caught saying "[e]lecting a Muslim president would be dangerous".[5] Geller is also a terrorist sympathizer who justified Ander B. Breviks mass murder of Norweigan children in Utoya, and protected his identity from being revealed in 2007 when Brevik said he'd began to stockpile weapons for an attack on her website.[6][7] She also claimed it was right for Brevik to commit his mass murder since most of those who attended didn't look "look" Norwegian.[7]

The worst terrorist attack in Canada and the UK was by Sikhs.

Racism Against Muslims: Less than 2% of terrorist attacks in Europe have been linked to Islamists; and in contrast, 98% of terrorist attacks were found not to have been religiously motivated.[8] European separatist organisations have committed virtually all terrorist attacks in Europe in the same time period.[8] Further, data compiled by the FBI from 1980 to 2005 has shown that Islamists committed only 6% of terror attacks in the United States.[9] Jewish terrorism on the other hand, similarly compiled by the FBI and published by the University of Princeton's "Loon Watch", has noted make up a staggering 7% of all terror attacks in the United States (Chaim Herzog, former President of Israel, has been on record as stating that the "United States" is “a breeding ground” for "Jewish terror");[10] and Latino terrorism has been found to be as high as 42%.[11] At least 209 of these attacks as documented by the FBI strictly involved bombings.[11] Additionally, between 2001 and 2015, there were 190,000 murders in the United States, only 37 of these were done by Muslim Americans (indeed Muslims as a whole worldwide are far more peaceful than non-Muslim societies, having a murder rate of 2.4 per 100,000 when compared to 7.5 per 100,000, even when authoritarianism was factored in the study[12][13]).[9] For the UK and Canada, the worst terrorist attack ever was by Sikhs who bombed Air India Flight 182, murdering some 329 passengers in 1985 (it was the most deadly terror attack involving a plane and a bomb); with another exploding in Tokyo, killing two.[14]

School shootings (1999-2006).

Gun Deaths:— Additionally in the US, non-Muslims are far more likely to die of guns than Muslims; with there being some 32,000 deaths per year.[15] This is however, an incomplete number as some gun related deaths are left out in statistics compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).[15] In 47 years, since 1968, approximately 1,516,863 Americans lost their lives owed to gun violence up to 2015.[16] From 2000 to 2013, 464,033 Americans died owed to gun violence, in the same decade when America invaded Iraq (from 2004 to 2008 according to the most reliable data and methodological study conducted by the medical journal, the Lancet using cluster data, 655,000 Iraqis died as a result of American violence[17]) and Afghanistan (approximately 92,000 people also died in the 2001 Afghan war, with 26,000 of them directly being civilians)[18])[16] both of which it lost.[19] Around 6,000 of those who die in the United States through gun related violence are under 26, in 2015.[15] In the space of three years, since the Sandy Hook elementary school shooting, the United States had 1,000 mass shootings.[20] The FBI has defined a mass shooting as an attack that ends up with the deaths of four or more people in one single incident.[21] Further, gun related deaths globally were 100,000 per year (this was the peak in 2007; by 2010 this had declined to approximately 50,000 per year.[22] From 1970 to 2014, 3,521 Americans died from terrorism related incidents (this included the one off major outlier; the September 11th incident where some 2,973[22] died including 31[23] Muslim victims).[22]

Arrest & Interrogation

MacArthur High School, where the racism took place.

Background: Ahmed first started high school at MacArthur High School, Dallas, Texas and was a part of the 7th grade, originally coming from Sam Houston Middle School, having spoken virtually no English whatsoever when he first got there.[24][25] By the time he entered the 7th grade Ahmed was totally fluent, and also made a reputation of himself as an electronics whiz kid.[25] In one instance, he built a remote control to control classroom projectors, and switch them off at his own command.[25] On another occasion he waterproofed an electronic car so that it could run both on ground and water, and also managed invent a type of mobile phone charger; using a broken USB cord and other spare parts to construct it for his phone that he could carry it around all day.[24] Ralph Kubiak, his history teacher, commented that "[h]e was a weird little kid...I saw a lot of him in me. That thirst for knowledge [...] he’s one of those kids that could either be CEO of a company or head of a gang".[25] At the same time he was being bullied by his class for his Muslim heritage, frequently called "ISIS boy" by his peers (in stark contrast he was known as the "Inventor Kid" in Sam Houston Middle School, where he was known for making "crazy contraptions"[24]).[25] Ahmed was even able to sell some of his inventions in middle school, and also helped his class fix electronics for them.[24] In stark contrast, at MacArthur High School he was violently attacked in the school hallway, but ended up himself being suspended for defending himself.[25]

Arrest photo.

Arrest & Interrogation:— Ahmed was completely new to MacArthur High School, and wanted to impress his teachers by bringing in something "cool".[26] He brought in his clock and showed it to several teachers, explaining what he had invented.[26] However his teachers did not take kindly to his innovative contraption and immediately called the police who handcuffed him.[26] When Ahmed walked into the principals office, one of several police officers were waiting and, upon seeing him, yelled out "yep, that's who I thought it was".[27] Under the interrogation of the several police officers and the school principal, principal Daniel Cummings threatened to expel Ahmed if he did not write an apology to the school, which Cummings later said he could not remember, could "not fathom".[28] His family were eventually forced to write a statement "I built a clock. The police think it’s a bomb".[28] Ahmed repeatedly asked the officers for his parents when he was being interrogated at school, and again whilst illegally being detained at a juvenile detention center.[28] He was later fingerprinted and interrogated again at the center.[28] Texas law states "[a] child may not be left unattended in a juvenile processing office and is entitled to be accompanied by the child’s parent, guardian, or other custodian or by the child’s attorney" (§Sec. 52.025§).[28] The police chief could not provide an explanation as to the officers illegal detainment, when questioned later by reporters.[28] Cummings, in a hysterical move, also sent out a letter to the parents of MacArthur High School, highlighting that their children were "safe".[29]

Irving Police Chief.

Forced Confession: What was perhaps more shocking was that Ahmed was forced to sign a confession under duress (under threat of expulsion).[30] His sister was also interviewed and was similarly expelled for 3 days; saying "I got suspended from school for three days from this stupid same district, from this girl saying I wanted to blow up the school, something I had nothing to do with".[30] A mere 24 hours after his arrest, the hashtag #Istandwithahmed was tweeted over 400,000 times by supporters.[31] Iriving Police Department later came out and said there was no evidence available to charge Ahmed.[32] One month after his arrest, Ahmed was offered a scholarship from the Qatar Foundation, joining the young innovators programme.[33] The Foundation also offered to pay for his sisters education.[33] The family moved to Qatar in October 2015, with his father saying "We are going to move to a place where my kids can study and learn, and all of them being accepted by that country", but Ahmed himself is still bitter that "[t]here are a lot of stereotypes for people who are foreigners and have Muslim names", noting that "[t]his would not have happened to any of my classmates".[33] This is true given how a White high school teenager, Taylor Wilson, had built a nuclear device in his home, and was praised so much by the authorities that they offered him help to build it further.[34] According to reports, "Homeland Security and the Department of Energy got wind of what Taylor was up to and invited him to Washington".[34][35]

Response

Silicon Valley Support & Virality
"Mohawk Guy".

Outpouring of Support:— Ahmed received an outpouring of support from many personalities, intellectuals, research institutions, technology companies, and anti-racist campaigners, as well as government officials (including Muslim congressman Keith Ellison,[36], Barack H. Obama, the president of the United States[36][37] and Hilery Clinton[36][37]). Google offered him a seat at their science fair (where he met with it's founder Sergey Brin),[38][39] An MIT spokeswomen told Ahmed that he was the "ideal student...[a] creative, independent thinker like you is the kind of person who should be becoming a physicist".[38] Twitter offered Ahmed an internship.[38] Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg said "[h]aving the skill and ambition to build something cool should lead to applause, not arrest. The future belongs to people like Ahmed. Ahmed, if you ever want to come by Facebook, I'd love to meet you. Keep building".[37][40] Asian American inventor and host of Mythbusters, Grant Imahara,[41] NASA systems engineer for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Bobak Ferdowsi ("mohawk guy"[42]),[36][43] NASA astronaut Chris Hadfield,[36][43] all came out in support as well. LaunchGood raised $20,065 dollars in donations for a scholarship for the teenager, from 368 donors.[44] Shonda Rhymes, producer of the award winning medical drama "Grey's Anatomy" and political thriller "Scandel"),[36] Russell Simmons, founder of Def Jam Records,[36] Questlove Gomez, musician for "The Tonight Show With Jimmy Fallon",[36] and actress Sophia Bush also threw in their support.[36] George Takei also wrote him a letter of support.[45]

You may have heard the story of Ahmed Mohamed, the 14-year old Dallas student who was arrested after bringing a home-made clock in to show his teacher. They believed it was a bomb, likely because Ahmed is a Muslim. Since I don't know how to reach this young man directly, I thought I'd post a letter to him here.
Dear Ahmed,
I’ve never met you, and it’s quite possible you’ve never heard of me, but my name is George Takei. I am many decades older than you, but your story and your experience—when you were arrested at your school simply because you brought in a clock for your teacher--struck a chord with me. You see, when I was a bit younger than you, I was also viewed by others as “the enemy” and treated as such, simply because I happened to look like the people who had attacked America.
Like you, I was just a kid trying to find his place in the world. I loved my country, and I looked forward to all the opportunities and challenges ahead. But my childhood was interrupted by fear and ignorance. When the authorities came for you because they believed you had built a bomb, I was reminded, in a way, of when the army came for us. They ordered us out of our home believing we were suspicious people because of our names, our faces, our ancestry. I spent my childhood in an internment camp because of that fear and ignorance.
But I want you to know, while America may have done a terrible thing to me and my family, and to 120,000 other Japanese Americans, I have great hope for this country, and I believe we do learn. There was a Japanese word we often said in the camps: Gaman. It means to keep on keeping on, with dignity and fortitude. I think you understand this word already. While certain school officials and police officers may have shown you the worst side of our nation, I understand many others have since shown you the best side. I was touched to hear you say that we all have to be true to ourselves.
Ahmed, you are now part of the story of America, and many will learn from your fine example. I see great things ahead for you.
—George Takei. 17 September 2015. Facebook Page, where the photo received more than 286,000 "likes".
Microsoft.

Microsoft went a step further than all organisations and celebrities who had shown their support; with Ahmed being given "Microsoft Surface Pro 3" valued between $700—$1,400 dollars, a "Cube 3D" printer with added cartridges and filaments valued at more than $1,000 dollars, an "Office 365" email subscription worth an estimated $100 dollars per year, a "Raspberry Pi-2" modifiable computer valued at $35 dollars, and a "Microsoft Band" fitness tracker worth an estimated $180 dollars.[46] In total this came to a gift of more than $2,015—$2,715 dollars; with the gifts being given via Alia Salem for the Council for American-Islamic Relations.[46] The company had tweeted "Enjoy...we can’t wait to see what you create with it all!".[47] Many vloggers also showed their disdain at Ahmed's arrest and incarceration. AlphaOmegaSin for instance, who has 412,000 subscribers, ranted for more than 7 minutes straight in support of Ahmed that received more than 140,000 views.[48] He was also interviewed by Mehdi Hassan for Al Jazeera in a video that accrued more than 78,000 views.[49] Ahmed eventually met Barack Obama on October 20th, 2015 on the "night of stars"; an annual event at the White House commemorating science.[50] Obama was criticized by right wing Republican presidential hopeful Ted Cruz, who claimed Ahmed's meeting with Obama "would show more respect for the Muslim student" than the police officers.[50] He also met NASA representatives, such as ex-astronaut John Grunsfeld.[50] He had previously visited Google, Facebook and the President of Sudan.[50]

Opposition & Conspiracies
Ahmed Mohamed's clock and it's simple components.

Further Racism: Bill Maher, an anti-vaccine activist and atheist, said the teacher was "right" to bring the clock to school officials attention, claiming that it "looks exactly like a fucking bomb". However this is blatantly false, as it contains no visible explosive equipment;[51] this from photographs of the dissembled clock.[51] The clock simply consisted of five typical devices found in electronics; a transformer, battery, button board, seven-segment display, and main board.[51] It was also placed into a square metal pencil case (a "vaultz" pencil case; which was so small, that it did not even resemble a briefcase as some hostile outlets claimed).[51] In addition, none of the teachers were able to work out the clock was a clock given how simple the device's components were (some commentators have alluded to the fact that this may be unsurprising given the fact that this was in Texas, where 23% of residents have been classified as "stupid" according to polling; noted for their paranoia of Obama being "Muslim", which is often used as a slur in American politics).[52] Texans also teach their children that evolution is an "unproven theory", with no "experimental basis".[53][54] Maher also further defended arresting Muslim children,[55] Such extreme forms of Islamophobia often have racial dimensions, exemplified by Maher treating Muslims as if they are one race.[56][n. 7] Interestingly "race" itself is not a scientific concept, yet it is entirely possible to be racist.[57][58][n. 8] Maher also accused all Muslims of "act[ing] like the mafia", promoting further racism.[59]

Ahmed was compared to ISIS by Dawkins.

Richard Dawkins, evolutionary biologist, and atheist, outrageously implied that Ahmed "wanted to be arrested" in "order to be seen as a victim of discrimination".[60][60] When interviewed about his bizarre allegations against Ahmed deliberately did it to get national attention.[60] Dawkins further claimed "I’m always being accused of Islamophobia, that’s a non-word" but went on to elaborate on his own conspiracy theory further; "[y]ou have to ask the question: [w]hy would a boy take a screwdriver to a clock, take the works out, and put it in a box?”.[60] It should be noted that Ahmed was studying in an electronics class. This isn't the first time Dawkins has attacked Muslims dishonestly, on Eid celebrations in 2013, he viciously tweeted a racist statement, claiming "[a]ll the world's Muslims have fewer Nobel Prizes than Trinity College, Cambridge".[61] Despite neither the Chinese nor Indians having won any either (who make up approximately a third of the world's population) Dawkins deliberately chose to attack Muslims (the public later pointed out that he himself has never won a nobel prize which has only been running for 100 years).[61] In another instance he branded all Muslims as "nazis", saying "[o]f course you can have an opinion about Islam without having read Qur'an. You don't have to read Mein Kampf to have an opinion about nazism".[62] Dawkins also defended paedophilia, claiming sexual abuse does no long term harm to children.[63] Dakwins later compared Ahmed building a clock to Daesh (ISIL) killing people.[64][65]

West—war criminal—outraged at Mohammad.

Former vice presidential candidate, and former governer of Alaska, Sarah Palin, released a statement calling Ahmed an "obstinate-answering student" who brought in the clock, which "obviously could be seen by teachers" as a "bomb-looking contraption".[66] Palin has previously attacked Muslims (specifically Syrians in context of the Syrian Civil War), sarcastically saying, to rapturous laughter and applause, "let Allah sort it out".[67] Palin is well known for her psycho-babble, incongruity, incoherence, atrocious grammar and a general lack of speaking in English; unique, given that she was born in the USA.[68][69][70][71] At a relaxed private conservative talk show interview, Palin was even unable to name even one of the founding fathers of the United States.[72] Other right wing supporters "criticized his behavior as being intentionally provocative" and attempted to link him to another terrorist incident that had nothing to do with him, with former congressman, Black racist, mock-executioner and dishonourbly discharged soldier[73][74] Allen West, attacking him and calling him "boo boo".[75] In contrast, 29, mostly non-White congressmen and women signed a letter requesting for an investigation to take place on "the civil rights violations that took place during the unjust arrest of Ahmed Mohamed".[76] Bobby Jindal, Indian Louisiana governor, who is frequently berated for portraying himself as a White American rather than Indian,[77] even commented on the issue. He has previously been implicated spreading many sinister lies against British Muslims.[n. 9]

Analysis & Legacy

55% of Muslim students have been bullied.

Other Incidents:— Ahmed's arrest drew attention to numerous other cases[n. 10] surrounding Muslim students in the US.[78] One particular student, Hisham Bedri, of Sudanese Muslim origin, became extremely cautious of the idea of carrying a pressure cooker across campus that would be used in sterilizing his laboratory equipment, less than a month after the Boston Marathon incident.[78] However, he did not fully take in account the hysteria in the state, and began walking to his lab. Within 10 minutes he was confronted by police officers who stood outside his dorm room, responding to three phone calls from several students.[78] Campus police visited him a second time again, and requested to speak with him, armed without a warrant, repeatedly threatening to report him to "the committee on discipline" if he did not open his door.[78] Had it not been for an "Iron Man" poster on his wall, officers told him he was "this close to being on a plane to Washington to meet the FBI".[78] In another incident, this time at a high school, student Mohammad Ali, was called "al-Qaida junior" by one of his teachers, who also deliberately tried to put him down; saying "[l]et’s face it, Mohammad – you aren’t bright enough"; Ali, however went on to graduate with three science degrees from Stanford University.[78] In yet another incident, a Muslim students phone beeped in class and the professor asked if it was "a bomb".[78] Further, at least 55% of Muslim students have been bullied at some time for their religion.[79]

American schools have smoke bombs.

Ahmed's unjust arrest also drew attention to the feelings of mass paranoia and security in American schools,[80] known to be armoured with bullet proof whiteboards, classroom panic buttons, and door barricades.[80] Around 70% of them have "shooting drills" (that include lock-down schedules, up to "hyper-realistic" blood stained gun shot victims; where consultants also actively train schoolteachers on how to fight back against "intruders").[80] Students have even been asked to bring in canned food in case they could use it to attack shooters.[80] One school even spent $400,000 dollars on a security system that included internet connected surveillance camera's, and built in smoke bombs.[80] This fear is not without warrant, but in Ahmed's case, 90% of school shooters who have committed "suicide-by-mass-murder" have primarily been by White males (said to be "a direct reflection of White male privilege"; with the crimes repeatedly given the excuse of "mental illness" when the crimes have "a voice that has a race and a gender". One particular study notes "[o]n top of all of this is the additional element of White privilege, furthering the notion that White males, as society tells them, are the alphas...This embedded privilege...becomes dangerous when they don’t get from women what they’ve been told they deserve or are entitled to. In many cases, this leads to incidents of domestic violence or rape...[then]...doing something catastrophic [for] media attention".[81]

Whites are a minority. Irving, TX.

Other issues which were raised was that the White minority in Irving, Texas was manufacturing fear in order to still cling to an all White leadership council, despite the fact that 50% of the demographic is Hispanic.[82] The town's White mayor, Beth Van Duyne, has also even attempted to pointlessly "ban" Shariah (Islamic Personal Law), impossible since it is similar to the Jewish Beth Din Laws.[82] Others yet pointed out the arrest and prosecution of other children who had even been jailed in a "school to prison pipeline" culture.[82] Noe Nino de Rivera for instance spent 52 days in a coma after being tasered by a law enforcement officer, Josh Welch was arrested for bringing in a pastry that was shaped like a gun, and black Kiera Wilmot who was charged after her science experiment went wrong and exploded.[82] The town's White minority is so racist to the point that despite African Americans making up 13% of all school children, they are suspended at a rate of not more than 25%.[82] The White minority had criminalized truanting, and given school police officers the power to issue tickets for "minor offences", which were only repealed two years prior to the Ahmed Mohammad's incident.[82] Al Jazeera perfectly surmised the terrorizing nature of Irving's White minority; "[a]lthough an excellent student, with no record of insubordination, Mohamed’s otherwise pristine record was instantly extinguished by the threat his Muslim background posed. Reality was trumped by the school’s imagined threat of terror, converting a loved student into a perceived radical. Ahmed is also Sudanese American, raising the likelihood that anti-Black racism overlapped with Islamophobia to cast him as suspicious and threatening".[83]


Sources

Footnotes

  1. ^ This is despite the fact that even Mahatma Ghandi, a notable non-Muslim advocate of non-violence showing solidarity with Muslims by calling himself "Muslim"
    1. Ratana Dāsa (1 January 2005). The Global Vision Of Mahatma Gandhi. Sarup & Sons. p. 198. ISBN 978-81-7625-546-2.
    2. Eric Lewis (September 20, 2015). Anti-Muslim rhetoric has to stop. CNN. Retrieved September 20th, 2015.
  2. ^ Bill Maher has previously singled out Muslims saying "it’s been one culture that has been blowing shit up over and over again”; failing to note that Muslim cultures are very diverse in nature.
    1. Daniel Brumberg; Dina Shehata (2009). Conflict, Identity, and Reform in the Muslim World: Challenges for U.S. Engagement. US Institute of Peace Press. p. 153. ISBN 978-1-60127-020-7.
    2. R Michael Feener; Terenjit Sevea (2009). Islamic Connections: Muslim Societies in South and Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 16. ISBN 978-981-230-923-5.
    3. Philip N. Howard (23 August 2010). The Digital Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Information Technology and Political Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-19-978030-3.
  3. ^ Jews and Sikhs are also often treated as race as well (especially in law), despite the fact that they are not, scientifically speaking (however Muslims are not afforded equal protection as Jews and Sikhs are when it comes to "race" in the United Kingdom for example).
    1. Jewish case may hit other schools. 27 October 2009. BBC News. Retrieved September 20th, 2015.
    2. Katy P. Sian (4 April 2013). Unsettling Sikh and Muslim Conflict: Mistaken Identities, Forced Conversions, and Postcolonial Formations. Lexington Books. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-7391-7875-1.
    As an example, a Muslim schoolgirl who chose to wear one of the traditional Islamic dresses to school was suspended with force, compared to a Sikh schoolgirl who won her right to wear religious clothing; despite it being a religious issue, one was afforded protection under race laws and the other wasn't and was forced to give up her rights.
    1. Katy P. Sian (4 April 2013). Unsettling Sikh and Muslim Conflict: Mistaken Identities, Forced Conversions, and Postcolonial Formations. Lexington Books. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-7391-7875-1.
    2. Yusuf Ahmad (24 September 2014). ​Over 1,000 students support London teen barred from school for wearing Islamic face veil. Russia Today. Retrieved September 20th, 2015.
    3. Jonathan Owen (23 September 2014). Camden School for Girls bans 16-year-old Muslim student from taking A-levels until she removes niqab. The Independent. Retrieved September 20th, 2015.
  4. ^ Such as brazenly repeating blatant lies in political speeches when it has been made clear, that they are indeed lies.
    1. Louisiana governor unapologetic after Muslim 'no-go zones' comments Louisiana governor unapologetic after Muslim 'no-go zones' comments. 20 January 2015. The Guardian. Retrieved December 17th, 2015.
  5. ^ In one incident a Muslim child was asked in a Georgia school if she had a bomb in her backpack by a school principal because she was wearing a Hijab.
    1. School principal apologizes after teacher asks Muslim teen if she's carrying bomb. 13 December 2015. The Guardian (Associated Press in Atlanta). Retrieved December 21st, 2015.
    2. Ghazala Irshad (21 December 2015). How anti-Muslim sentiment plays out in classrooms across the US. The Guardian. Retrieved December 21st, 2015.
      1. Quote: "A few weeks later, a classmate asked Farah point blank: “Why did your people kill those people in Paris and San Bernardino?” She waited for her anger to cool down before retorting to her classmate: “...Do I ask you why your people are shooting up schools?” “That shut him up,” Farah said. She concedes that she may not have the best answer, but she’s doing her best considering the circumstances."
  6. ^ This is despite the fact that even Mahatma Ghandi, a notable non-Muslim advocate of non-violence showing solidarity with Muslims by calling himself "Muslim"
    1. Ratana Dāsa (1 January 2005). The Global Vision Of Mahatma Gandhi. Sarup & Sons. p. 198. ISBN 978-81-7625-546-2.
    2. Eric Lewis (September 20, 2015). Anti-Muslim rhetoric has to stop. CNN. Retrieved September 20th, 2015.
  7. ^ Bill Maher has previously singled out Muslims saying "it’s been one culture that has been blowing shit up over and over again”; failing to note that Muslim cultures are very diverse in nature.
    1. Daniel Brumberg; Dina Shehata (2009). Conflict, Identity, and Reform in the Muslim World: Challenges for U.S. Engagement. US Institute of Peace Press. p. 153. ISBN 978-1-60127-020-7.
    2. R Michael Feener; Terenjit Sevea (2009). Islamic Connections: Muslim Societies in South and Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 16. ISBN 978-981-230-923-5.
    3. Philip N. Howard (23 August 2010). The Digital Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Information Technology and Political Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-19-978030-3.
  8. ^ Jews and Sikhs are also often treated as race as well (especially in law), despite the fact that they are not, scientifically speaking (however Muslims are not afforded equal protection as Jews and Sikhs are when it comes to "race" in the United Kingdom for example).
    1. Jewish case may hit other schools. 27 October 2009. BBC News. Retrieved September 20th, 2015.
    2. Katy P. Sian (4 April 2013). Unsettling Sikh and Muslim Conflict: Mistaken Identities, Forced Conversions, and Postcolonial Formations. Lexington Books. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-7391-7875-1.
    As an example, a Muslim schoolgirl who chose to wear one of the traditional Islamic dresses to school was suspended with force, compared to a Sikh schoolgirl who won her right to wear religious clothing; despite it being a religious issue, one was afforded protection under race laws and the other wasn't and was forced to give up her rights.
    1. Katy P. Sian (4 April 2013). Unsettling Sikh and Muslim Conflict: Mistaken Identities, Forced Conversions, and Postcolonial Formations. Lexington Books. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-7391-7875-1.
    2. Yusuf Ahmad (24 September 2014). ​Over 1,000 students support London teen barred from school for wearing Islamic face veil. Russia Today. Retrieved September 20th, 2015.
    3. Jonathan Owen (23 September 2014). Camden School for Girls bans 16-year-old Muslim student from taking A-levels until she removes niqab. The Independent. Retrieved September 20th, 2015.
  9. ^ Such as brazenly repeating blatant lies in political speeches when it has been made clear, that they are indeed lies.
    1. Louisiana governor unapologetic after Muslim 'no-go zones' comments Louisiana governor unapologetic after Muslim 'no-go zones' comments. 20 January 2015. The Guardian. Retrieved December 17th, 2015.
  10. ^ In one incident a Muslim child was asked in a Georgia school if she had a bomb in her backpack by a school principal because she was wearing a Hijab.
    1. School principal apologizes after teacher asks Muslim teen if she's carrying bomb. 13 December 2015. The Guardian (Associated Press in Atlanta). Retrieved December 21st, 2015.
    2. Ghazala Irshad (21 December 2015). How anti-Muslim sentiment plays out in classrooms across the US. The Guardian. Retrieved December 21st, 2015.
      1. Quote: "A few weeks later, a classmate asked Farah point blank: “Why did your people kill those people in Paris and San Bernardino?” She waited for her anger to cool down before retorting to her classmate: “...Do I ask you why your people are shooting up schools?” “That shut him up,” Farah said. She concedes that she may not have the best answer, but she’s doing her best considering the circumstances."

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