Indigenous Sniper Rifles & Shotguns of the Islamic World (2001—2015)

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Please Note: This list is assumed not to be wholly complete. Sources have only been gathered from English sources. This list will be updated as more sources become available.

Tactical Shotguns

The XTR-12. UTAS moved production to the US for their guns, for cheaper production and better quality control. The gun is a tactical semi-automatic shotgun.

UTAS XTR-12:— The UTAS XTR-12 is a semi-automatic shotgun designed in Turkey by UTAS-MAKINE, but manufactured in the United States.[n. 1] It was released for public sale in 2015, and has since been received with praise. It is a box magazine, smoothbore, gas piston operated, 5-8 round capacity, 12-guage, semi-automatic shotgun.[1] Other sources claim it can handle 2, 5, 7 and 10 slug round capacity, with shell sizes 2.75 inch and 3 inch applicable.[1] It's top frame consists of a mounted rail for red dot or scope accessories.[1] It's initial unit price is $692 dollars, with it's body made up of 7075 aluminum body, coming in desert tan, OD green, and black camouflage.[1] UTAS decided to bring production to the United States themselves in order to better control their production line[2] (the UTS-15 was similarly manufactured in the US but several generations had seen problems in model production that lead to design flaws in earlier generations). The UTS-15 was similarly created in Turkey but manufactured in Illinois, Chicago. Local production also means that the gun manufacturer avoids the 922r compliance law that impacts imported weapons,[2] and leads to higher price per unit (the UTS-15 is double the price of the XTR-12). One website has described it as the "AR-15 on steroids").[2] What sets it apart is it's increased size, and advantage over other AR-15 patterned models which require rimless shotgun shell rounds that are very difficult to source.[2] The XTR-12 was ranked one of ten new products of 2016.[1]

UTAS UTS-15:— The UTAS UTS-15 is a Turkish made tactical shotgun, designed for home invasion defense and law enforcement, rivaling the American made Kel-Tec KSG.[3] The major differences between the two, is that the Turkish gun is lightweight, easy to load, contains integrateable accessories (laser sights and silencers), has a see through shell slug count, and a flip cover to allow for easier failure correction clearing.[4] It has double the capacity of most shotguns on the market.[5] It's design has made it a popular shotgun.[5] It is a corrosion resistant, satin nickel plated and black chromed pump action 12-guage, 15-shell 3.147kg shotgun.[6][7] It is constructed with a polymer stock, and an 18.5 inch barrel.[7] Older models have receieved substational criticism for their high failure rate,[n. 2] relating to the slug shells jamming as they are ejected when rapid firing.[5] Newer generations have however, received a significant amount of praise for their dramatically improved designs when compared to their first generation counterparts.[5] Critics have vigorously tested these new guns, noting that there are "some fickle guns out there" but "[t]his version of the UTS-15 isn’t", and that having followed months of testing, it "hasn’t even come close to letting" them down.[5] Other criticisms have targeted its release price ($1,250 dollars[7], which had actually been downgraded from a $1,600 dollar initial stock price)[8] and its lack of ambidextrous control.[4] It is available in moonshine girl pink,[9], mossy oak,[8] digital desert,[8] and marine green camouflage.[8] Sales to civilians populaces in the US have amounted to ~$25 million dollars.[n. 3]

The UTAS UTS-15 12-gauge shotgun. It's proven popular and been featured in high profile media.
The XTR-12. UTAS moved production to the US for their guns, for cheaper production and better quality control. The gun is a tactical semi-automatic shotgun.

UTAS XTR-12:— The UTAS XTR-12 is a semi-automatic shotgun designed in Turkey by UTAS-MAKINE, but manufactured in the United States.[n. 4] It was released for public sale in 2015, and has since been received with praise. It is a box magazine, smoothbore, gas piston operated, 5-8 round capacity, 12-guage, semi-automatic shotgun.[1] Other sources claim it can handle 2, 5, 7 and 10 slug round capacity, with shell sizes 2.75 inch and 3 inch applicable.[1] It's top frame consists of a mounted rail for red dot or scope accessories.[1] It's initial unit price is $692 dollars, with it's body made up of 7075 aluminum body, coming in desert tan, OD green, and black camouflage.[1] UTAS decided to bring production to the United States themselves in order to better control their production line[2] (the UTS-15 was similarly manufactured in the US but several generations had seen problems in model production that lead to design flaws in earlier generations). The UTS-15 was similarly created in Turkey but manufactured in Illinois, Chicago. Local production also means that the gun manufacturer avoids the 922r compliance law that impacts imported weapons,[2] and leads to higher price per unit (the UTS-15 is double the price of the XTR-12). One website has described it as the "AR-15 on steroids").[2] What sets it apart is it's increased size, and advantage over other AR-15 patterned models which require rimless shotgun shell rounds that are very difficult to source.[2] The XTR-12 was ranked one of ten new products of 2016.[1]

The UTAS UTS-15 12-gauge shotgun. It's proven popular and been featured in high profile media.

UTAS UTS-15:— The UTAS UTS-15 is a Turkish made tactical shotgun, designed for home invasion defense and law enforcement, rivaling the American made Kel-Tec KSG.[3] The major differences between the two, is that the Turkish gun is lightweight, easy to load, contains integrateable accessories (laser sights and silencers), has a see through shell slug count, and a flip cover to allow for easier failure correction clearing.[4] It has double the capacity of most shotguns on the market.[5] It's design has made it a popular shotgun.[5] It is a corrosion resistant, satin nickel plated and black chromed pump action 12-guage, 15-shell 3.147kg shotgun.[6][7] It is constructed with a polymer stock, and an 18.5 inch barrel.[7] Older models have receieved substational criticism for their high failure rate,[n. 5] relating to the slug shells jamming as they are ejected when rapid firing.[5] Newer generations have however, received a significant amount of praise for their dramatically improved designs when compared to their first generation counterparts.[5] Critics have vigorously tested these new guns, noting that there are "some fickle guns out there" but "[t]his version of the UTS-15 isn’t", and that having followed months of testing, it "hasn’t even come close to letting" them down.[5] Other criticisms have targeted its release price ($1,250 dollars[7], which had actually been downgraded from a $1,600 dollar initial stock price)[8] and its lack of ambidextrous control.[4] It is available in moonshine girl pink,[9], mossy oak,[8] digital desert,[8] and marine green camouflage.[8] Sales to civilians populaces in the US have amounted to ~$25 million dollars.[n. 6]

Sniper Rifles

Istiglal-14.5 and the Istiglal-12.7 (2008), an anti-material and anti-tank sniper rifle. There are two variants of the guns, namely the 14.5, but also the 12.7. It is far superior than certain recent American and British sniper rifles.

IST-14.5 Istiglal:— The Istiglal is an anti-material, anti-tank sniper rifle. It is a recoil operated, rotating bolt action rifle, with a five-round detachable box catridge, with a caliber of 14.5x114mm (12.7x108mm for the second variant).[10] Interestingly Istiglal means "loan" in classical Shari'ah;[11] but the word in Azeri actually means "independence". The gun was designed, created and built indigenously in Azerbaijan by the RPE Automatic Lines while the Azerbaijani Defence Industry is responsible for mass production.[12] The gun was introdued in 2008, but was not unveiled to the public until 2009 and since then has been exported to the Pakistani, Turkish, and Jordanian militaries.[12] The gun is very large at 2.015 m in length (79.33 inches), with a weight of 19.8kg when empty.[12] The muzzle velocity is measured at an average of 1,128 meters per second (or 3,700 feet per second).[12] The gun has a range of 2,987 meters (or 3km; 3,267 yards; 9,800 feet).[12] For the sights, it contains optional optical accessories, along with basic iron sights.[12] The gun is far superior to the classic L96 sniper rifle that was produced in the UK in 1982, and is also superior to the "Barett M107",[13][14] but inferior compared to the "Anzio Ironworks", the latter two of which were released in 2008 by the US.[15] The gun however, is able to handle temperatures of as low as -50℃ and as high as 50℃ (223.15K—323.15K or -58℉—122℉).[10]

BORA-12 JNG-90:— An indigenously made gun, the BORA-12 is a bolt action sniper rifle capable of firing up to 1,000—1,200 meters away, with a velocity of 2,820 feet per second (860 m/s), and a magazine featuring ten 7.62x51 mm bullet rounds and an extendable butt for customised comfort.[16][17][18] It also only weighs 4.8 kg and has a barrel length of 108 cm.[18] It is Turkey's first domestically built sniper rifle.[17] Created in 2008,[16] Turkey has currently sold only one hundred of these rare models to the Azerbaijan military in 2009 (with whom they have actively traded some 5,000 guns in the past five years; between 2007 and 2013)[19] and three to Indonesia in 2014. As of the present, the Turks are largely the only military who have possession of the gun in significantly quantities. However, despite the small amount sold, the rifles have proven themselves on field, with the Azeri's offering further improvements in the design.[20] In 2014, the Turkish Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corp. notified the Associated Press Agency, that several BORA-12 display models were even stolen by French criminals in Paris; and the only way the thieves could have accessed the weapons were by having the safe-deposit key in their possession.[21] Fortunately however, the guns had had their firing mechanisms removed prior to the defence exhibition commencing.[21] The gun was featured in Battlefield 3 DLC in 2012.[22][23]
The BORA-12 JNG-90 sniper rifle is a rare Turkish gun created in 2008, and capable of working effectively for up 1,200 meters. Pakistan, Indonesia and Azerbaijan operate the guns outside Turkey.
The three types of PINDAD SPR Sniper rifle variants.

PINDAD SPR:— The Pindad SPR rifles are a series of precision tactical sniper rifles designed for military and civilian use,[24] and they were first developed indigenously in Indonesia in the early 2000s by the PT Pindad Company.[25]. The guns themselves are bolt action sniper rifles; consisting of an adjustable bipod, and cheekpiece as well as a thumb-hole designed stock; further including optical sights, and a muzzle to reduce rise from recoil.[24] It uses standard NATO ammunition bullets 7.62mm by 51mm.[24] Although there is visible magazine stock on the gun, the SPR-1 models consist of internal cartridges capable of housing up to five rounds.[24] It weigh approximately 15 lbs, with a barrel length of 25.6 inches.[24] Other sources claim it is 660mm, and 6.5kg respectively.[25] It's total length is in fact 1.075 m however.[25] It also has several nicknames including its native Indonesian "Senapan Penembak Runduk 3", or simply the "SPR" (depending on the variant).[25] It is currently unknown how many have been produced or indeed exported; or indeed if they are even available for export.[25] Mounted scopes of 3.5x to 10x opitical zoom are also available, although it has no backup iron sights.[25] It is also capable of being monopod.[25] The SPR has a muzzle velocity of 840 m/s to 850 m/s.[25] Indonesia's military budget is only $8.28 billion dollars (2016),[26] and the country has even been making budget cuts to it's military,[27] and so indigenous weapons development is imperative (nearby Australia's budget is $23.07 billion dollars and rising).[28]

Baher 23mm:— The Baher 23mm is an extremely heavy sniper rifle, weighing in at 62 kg (136.7 lbs) and is made indigenously in Iran in 2015.[29][30][31] Further, it requires the use of 2—3 personnel for it's operation.[29][30][31] It is capable of firing over a distance of 4,000m (13,123 feet),[29][31] with shells of diamater of 23mm.[29] As a result of it's huge bullets, it is primarily an anti-armour weapon. Another one of it's uses is in attacking low flying aircraft, light armoured vehicles, and for pounding into and killing fortified military personnel.[29] It has an adjustable tripod stand in order to prevent "violent" recoil. Accessories include a pistol grip, optical sights, shoulder stock, and a slotted brake.[29] It is notable that Iran has been producing it's own weaponry for several decades.[32] Since at least 1992, they produce their own tanks, armoured personnel carriers, missiles, radar systems, boats, submarines, and fighter planes.[32] This is also true of their sniper rifles.[32] Besides the Baher-23mm there exists the Shaher-23mm, which is capable of firing at a range of 3,000m (9,842 feet).[32] Notably, these 23mm sniper rifles are the first of their kind.[33] A third sniper rifle set is the Taher models; all of these including the Shaher and the Baher models have been field tested for surface defence, and proxy combat.[34] Furthermore despite the Iranians being crippled by sanctions lead by the United States and the rest of the West, Iran's military equipment is being exported to neighbouring Iraq, and they have an impressive self sufficient small arms and basic ordinance industry.[35]

Baher 23mm gun developed in Iran in 2015. There are also the Shaher and Taher 23mm guns from the same family.
Yalguzag sniper rifle, developed in Azerbaijan in 2013 or 2014 by the Azerbaijan Defence Ministry.

Yalguzag:— The Yalguzag sniper rifle, is an indigenously built gun, developed in Azerbaijan in 2013,[36] or 2014.[37] The gun uses standard 7.62mm×51mm ammunition.[37][38] Specific properties of the rifle include it being fully operational at a relative humidity of between 93%—97% humidity, whether in rain, dust or snow.[37] Additionally, it can operated in temperatures of between —50°C and 50°C.[37] Effectively it is a bolt action sniper rifle,[38] made of aluminium metal.[37] The buttstock is also capable of having adjustable sides and backs.[37] Operational shooting sight is approximately 1,000m.[37] It houses up to 10 bullets per magazine round, and is 7.2kg when empty of it's full cartridge.[37] In 2014, the rifle was fully tested and made operational by the Defense Industry Ministry.[38] It was first revealed in 2014.[38] It's optics are also locally produced, however these are removable, and other scopes can be mounted onto the gun.[38] The weapons were shown at an expo in 2014, and garnered significant attention from Arab nations, who were interested in purchasing the arms.[39] These Arab nations are specifically showing interest in Azerbaijani only products, that includes the Yalguzag in 2015.[39] Interestingly, Arab nations are militarizing, with Saudi Arabia alone having a military budget of approximately $87.2 billion dollars in 2015.[40] It has also been exhibited in Istanbul.[41] The Yalguzag is one of 130 weapons developed by the Azerbaijan Defence Ministry; which are produced in line with NATO standards.[42][43]

Istiglal-14.5 and the Istiglal-12.7 (2008), an anti-material and anti-tank sniper rifle. There are two variants of the guns, namely the 14.5, but also the 12.7. It is far superior than certain recent American and British sniper rifles.

IST-14.5 Istiglal:— The Istiglal is an anti-material, anti-tank sniper rifle. It is a recoil operated, rotating bolt action rifle, with a five-round detachable box catridge, with a caliber of 14.5x114mm (12.7x108mm for the second variant).[10] Interestingly Istiglal means "loan" in classical Shari'ah;[11] but the word in Azeri actually means "independence". The gun was designed, created and built indigenously in Azerbaijan by the RPE Automatic Lines while the Azerbaijani Defence Industry is responsible for mass production.[12] The gun was introdued in 2008, but was not unveiled to the public until 2009 and since then has been exported to the Pakistani, Turkish, and Jordanian militaries.[12] The gun is very large at 2.015 m in length (79.33 inches), with a weight of 19.8kg when empty.[12] The muzzle velocity is measured at an average of 1,128 meters per second (or 3,700 feet per second).[12] The gun has a range of 2,987 meters (or 3km; 3,267 yards; 9,800 feet).[12] For the sights, it contains optional optical accessories, along with basic iron sights.[12] The gun is far superior to the classic L96 sniper rifle that was produced in the UK in 1982, and is also superior to the "Barett M107",[13][14] but inferior compared to the "Anzio Ironworks", the latter two of which were released in 2008 by the US.[15] The gun however, is able to handle temperatures of as low as -50℃ and as high as 50℃ (223.15K—323.15K or -58℉—122℉).[10]

The BORA-12 JNG-90 sniper rifle is a rare Turkish gun created in 2008, and capable of working effectively for up 1,200 meters. Pakistan, Indonesia and Azerbaijan operate the guns outside Turkey.
BORA-12 JNG-90:— An indigenously made gun, the BORA-12 is a bolt action sniper rifle capable of firing up to 1,000—1,200 meters away, with a velocity of 2,820 feet per second (860 m/s), and a magazine featuring ten 7.62x51 mm bullet rounds and an extendable butt for customised comfort.[16][17][18] It also only weighs 4.8 kg and has a barrel length of 108 cm.[18] It is Turkey's first domestically built sniper rifle.[17] Created in 2008,[16] Turkey has currently sold only one hundred of these rare models to the Azerbaijan military in 2009 (with whom they have actively traded some 5,000 guns in the past five years; between 2007 and 2013)[19] and three to Indonesia in 2014. As of the present, the Turks are largely the only military who have possession of the gun in significantly quantities. However, despite the small amount sold, the rifles have proven themselves on field, with the Azeri's offering further improvements in the design.[20] In 2014, the Turkish Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corp. notified the Associated Press Agency, that several BORA-12 display models were even stolen by French criminals in Paris; and the only way the thieves could have accessed the weapons were by having the safe-deposit key in their possession.[21] Fortunately however, the guns had had their firing mechanisms removed prior to the defence exhibition commencing.[21] The gun was featured in Battlefield 3 DLC in 2012.[22][23]
The three types of PINDAD SPR Sniper rifle variants.

PINDAD SPR:— The Pindad SPR rifles are a series of precision tactical sniper rifles designed for military and civilian use,[24] and they were first developed indigenously in Indonesia in the early 2000s by the PT Pindad Company.[25]. The guns themselves are bolt action sniper rifles; consisting of an adjustable bipod, and cheekpiece as well as a thumb-hole designed stock; further including optical sights, and a muzzle to reduce rise from recoil.[24] It uses standard NATO ammunition bullets 7.62mm by 51mm.[24] Although there is visible magazine stock on the gun, the SPR-1 models consist of internal cartridges capable of housing up to five rounds.[24] It weigh approximately 15 lbs, with a barrel length of 25.6 inches.[24] Other sources claim it is 660mm, and 6.5kg respectively.[25] It's total length is in fact 1.075 m however.[25] It also has several nicknames including its native Indonesian "Senapan Penembak Runduk 3", or simply the "SPR" (depending on the variant).[25] It is currently unknown how many have been produced or indeed exported; or indeed if they are even available for export.[25] Mounted scopes of 3.5x to 10x opitical zoom are also available, although it has no backup iron sights.[25] It is also capable of being monopod.[25] The SPR has a muzzle velocity of 840 m/s to 850 m/s.[25] Indonesia's military budget is only $8.28 billion dollars (2016),[26] and the country has even been making budget cuts to it's military,[27] and so indigenous weapons development is imperative (nearby Australia's budget is $23.07 billion dollars and rising).[28]

Baher 23mm gun developed in Iran in 2015. There are also the Shaher and Taher 23mm guns from the same family.

Baher 23mm:— The Baher 23mm is an extremely heavy sniper rifle, weighing in at 62 kg (136.7 lbs) and is made indigenously in Iran in 2015.[29][30][31] Further, it requires the use of 2—3 personnel for it's operation.[29][30][31] It is capable of firing over a distance of 4,000m (13,123 feet),[29][31] with shells of diamater of 23mm.[29] As a result of it's huge bullets, it is primarily an anti-armour weapon. Another one of it's uses is in attacking low flying aircraft, light armoured vehicles, and for pounding into and killing fortified military personnel.[29] It has an adjustable tripod stand in order to prevent "violent" recoil. Accessories include a pistol grip, optical sights, shoulder stock, and a slotted brake.[29] It is notable that Iran has been producing it's own weaponry for several decades.[32] Since at least 1992, they produce their own tanks, armoured personnel carriers, missiles, radar systems, boats, submarines, and fighter planes.[32] This is also true of their sniper rifles.[32] Besides the Baher-23mm there exists the Shaher-23mm, which is capable of firing at a range of 3,000m (9,842 feet).[32] Notably, these 23mm sniper rifles are the first of their kind.[33] A third sniper rifle set is the Taher models; all of these including the Shaher and the Baher models have been field tested for surface defence, and proxy combat.[34] Furthermore despite the Iranians being crippled by sanctions lead by the United States and the rest of the West, Iran's military equipment is being exported to neighbouring Iraq, and they have an impressive self sufficient small arms and basic ordinance industry.[35]

Yalguzag sniper rifle, developed in Azerbaijan in 2013 or 2014 by the Azerbaijan Defence Ministry.

Yalguzag:— The Yalguzag sniper rifle, is an indigenously built gun, developed in Azerbaijan in 2013,[36] or 2014.[37] The gun uses standard 7.62mm×51mm ammunition.[37][38] Specific properties of the rifle include it being fully operational at a relative humidity of between 93%—97% humidity, whether in rain, dust or snow.[37] Additionally, it can operated in temperatures of between —50°C and 50°C.[37] Effectively it is a bolt action sniper rifle,[38] made of aluminium metal.[37] The buttstock is also capable of having adjustable sides and backs.[37] Operational shooting sight is approximately 1,000m.[37] It houses up to 10 bullets per magazine round, and is 7.2kg when empty of it's full cartridge.[37] In 2014, the rifle was fully tested and made operational by the Defense Industry Ministry.[38] It was first revealed in 2014.[38] It's optics are also locally produced, however these are removable, and other scopes can be mounted onto the gun.[38] The weapons were shown at an expo in 2014, and garnered significant attention from Arab nations, who were interested in purchasing the arms.[39] These Arab nations are specifically showing interest in Azerbaijani only products, that includes the Yalguzag in 2015.[39] Interestingly, Arab nations are militarizing, with Saudi Arabia alone having a military budget of approximately $87.2 billion dollars in 2015.[40] It has also been exhibited in Istanbul.[41] The Yalguzag is one of 130 weapons developed by the Azerbaijan Defence Ministry; which are produced in line with NATO standards.[42][43]

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ Ted Hatfield, the American UTAS director of manufacturing and product development, has often incorrectly been quoted as the "designer" of the guns, however the guns were designed in Turkey, and Hatfield only serves as the the American UTAS director of manufacturing and product development. Hatfield himself has never claimed that he was the designer of the gun.
    1. Andre M. Dall'au (April 14th, 2015). Top Tactical Shotguns, Accessories For 2015. Tactical-Life. USA Carry. Retrieved April 8th, 2016.
  2. ^ Initial reviews were horrendously critical, and the gun has even wrongfully been compared to the NS2000, which some reviewers have mistakenly said the UTAS UTS-15 is a "redesign" of. However the NS2000 looks and operates in a completely different manner to the UTAS UTS-15.
    1. Nick Leghorn (October 15, 2013). Utas UTS-15 (Generation 2) Shotgun Review. Ammo Land. Retrieved April 6th, 2016.
  3. ^ Turkish website has noted that sales in the US have amounted to 20,000 copies being sold. If they were sold at the MSRP price of $1,250 dollars, this amounts to sales of $25,000,000 dollars.
    1. Jurassic Park 4" ile "Hızlı ve Öfkeli 7"De Türk Silahı Kullanıldı. September 15th, 2015. HABERLER. Retrieved April 6th, 2016.
  4. ^ Ted Hatfield, the American UTAS director of manufacturing and product development, has often incorrectly been quoted as the "designer" of the guns, however the guns were designed in Turkey, and Hatfield only serves as the the American UTAS director of manufacturing and product development. Hatfield himself has never claimed that he was the designer of the gun.
    1. Andre M. Dall'au (April 14th, 2015). Top Tactical Shotguns, Accessories For 2015. Tactical-Life. USA Carry. Retrieved April 8th, 2016.
  5. ^ Initial reviews were horrendously critical, and the gun has even wrongfully been compared to the NS2000, which some reviewers have mistakenly said the UTAS UTS-15 is a "redesign" of. However the NS2000 looks and operates in a completely different manner to the UTAS UTS-15.
    1. Nick Leghorn (October 15, 2013). Utas UTS-15 (Generation 2) Shotgun Review. Ammo Land. Retrieved April 6th, 2016.
  6. ^ Turkish website has noted that sales in the US have amounted to 20,000 copies being sold. If they were sold at the MSRP price of $1,250 dollars, this amounts to sales of $25,000,000 dollars.
    1. Jurassic Park 4" ile "Hızlı ve Öfkeli 7"De Türk Silahı Kullanıldı. September 15th, 2015. HABERLER. Retrieved April 6th, 2016.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mike Toth (January 19th, 2016). 2016 Shot Show Range Day: Ten Top New Products. Range 365. Retrieved April 8th, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Dave Higginbotham (January 26th, 2015). The New Utas Ar Pattern Shotgun–shot Show 2015. Guns America. Retrieved April 8th, 2016.
  3. ^ a b L.P. Brezny (6 August 2014). Gun Digest Guide to Modern Shotgunning. "F+W Media, Inc.". p. 158. ISBN 978-1-4402-3947-2.
  4. ^ a b c d Rob Tuck (August 12, 2015). Kel-Tec KSG vs. UTAS UTS-15. USA Carry. Retrieved April 6th, 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Dave Higginbotham (August 30, 2014). A New And Improved Uts-15 (New Gun Review). Guns America. Retrieved April 6th, 2016.
  6. ^ a b Converting 6lbs and 15oz to kg. Wolfram Alpha. Retrieved April 6th, 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Jay Cassell (6 October 2015). Shooter's Bible: The World's Bestselling Firearms Reference. Skyhorse Publishing. pp. 870–871. ISBN 978-1-5107-0192-2.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h SHOT Show 2015: Best New Guns and Gear From Range Day and Day One. January 2015. Guns. Retrieved April 6th, 2016.
  9. ^ a b Moon Shine Camo Partners with UTAS Featuring Muddy Girl Camouflage. Ammoland June 18th, 2015. Retrieved April 6th, 2016.
  10. ^ a b c d Azerbaijan-made sniper rifle IST-12.7 presented at int'l fair. September 23rd, 2010. News.Az. Retrieved September 4th, 2016.
  11. ^ a b Haim Gerber (1994). State, Society, and Law in Islam: Ottoman Law in Comparative Perspective. SUNY Press. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-7914-1877-2.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Staff Writer (June 4th, 2015). The Istiglal AT rifle is of an indigenous Azerbaijani design and fires the massive 14.5x114mm cartridge. Military Factory. Retrieved September 4th, 2016.
  13. ^ a b Comparison of the Istiglal IST-14.5 AMR (Independence) Anti-Material / Anti-Tank Rifle and the Accuracy International L96 Sniper Rifle. Military Factory. Retrieved September 4th, 2016.
  14. ^ a b omparison of the Istiglal IST-14.5 AMR (Independence) Anti-Material / Anti-Tank Rifle and the Anzio Ironworks Corporation AIC Mag-Fed 20mm Anti-Materiel Rifle (AMR). Military Factory. Retrieved September 4th, 2016.
  15. ^ a b Comparison of the Istiglal IST-14.5 AMR (Independence) Anti-Material / Anti-Tank Rifle and the Barrett M107 Heavy Caliber Anti-Material / Anti-Personnel Sniper Rifle.. Military Factory. Retrieved September 4th, 2016.
  16. ^ a b c d Staff Writer (August 29th, 2016). MKEK JNG-90 (Bora) Bolt-Action Sniper Rifle (2008). Military Factory. Retrieved September 10th, 2016.
  17. ^ a b c d A.Taghiyeva (March 7th, 2013). Turkey creates first domestic sniper rifle. Trend News Agency (Azerbaijan). Retrieved September 10th, 2016.
  18. ^ a b c d Milli keskin nişancı tüfeği Bora 12'nin test görüntüleri. April 17th, 2016. Milliyet. Retrieved September 10th, 2016.
  19. ^ a b Rashad Suleymano (June 23rd, 2014). Turkey sold 4351 pistols to Azerbaijan over last seven years. APA Holding. Retrieved September 4th, 2016.
  20. ^ a b Rashad Suleymanov (June 15th, 2013). Turkey studied offers of Azerbaijani servicemen on improvement of JNG-90 “BORA-12” sniper rifle - PHOTO. APA Holding. Retrieved September 4th, 2016.
  21. ^ a b c d Rashad Suleymanov (June 21st, 2014). Turkey sniper rifle stolen at defense expo in France. APA Holding. Retrieved September 4th, 2016.
  22. ^ a b Nick Michetti (April 26th, 2012). New Trailer & Screenshots For Battlefield 3’s Close Quarters DLC. Playstation Lifestyle. Retrieved September 10th, 2016.
  23. ^ a b Alex Smith (January 10th, 2013). Five New Assignments Added for Battlefield 3 Premium Subscribers, Details Revealed. Game Pur. Retrieved September 10th, 2016.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Charles Q. Cutshaw (2006). Tactical Small Arms of the 21st Century. Krause Publications. pp. 270. ISBN 0-87349-914-X.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p PINDAD SPR-3. Weapon Systems.net Retrieved September 18th, 2016.
  26. ^ a b Jon Grevatt (June 30th, 2016). Indonesia increases 2016 defence budget. IHS Jane's Defence Industry. Retrieved September 18th, 2016.
  27. ^ a b Prashanth Parameswaran (September 10th, 2015). Why is Indonesia Set to Cut its Military Budget for 2016?. The Diplomat. Retrieved September 18th, 2016.
  28. ^ a b Franz-Stefan Gady (February 26th, 2016). Australia’s Defense Budget to Jump 81% Over Next Decade. The Diplomat. Retrieved September 18th, 2016.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Staff Writer (November 12th, 2015). Baher-23 23mm Very-Heavy Sniper Rifle (2015). Military Factor. Retrieved September 19th, 2016.
  30. ^ a b c d Iran Celebrates National Army Day, Unveils Latest Military Equipment. Sputnik News. April 18th, 2015. Retrieved September 19th, 2016.
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