List of British Muslim MP's and Lords (1869—Present)

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Demography Across England (c. 2011)

A map of the United Kingdom and all counties, including Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Northern Ireland and England. Regions with large minority Muslim populations include the West Midlands (332,684), West Yorkshire (252,370), Greater Manchester (232,787), Lancashire (96,600), Leicestershire (70,536), Bedfordshire (60,532), South Yorkshire (58,350), Berkshire (56,192) and Buckinghamshire (37,694).

According to the 2011 Census for England, there are a total of 2,660,116 Muslims spread across the entirety of the country.

Demographics (A-C)
State Muslims
Bedfordshire 60,532[n. 1]
Berkshire 56,192[n. 2]
Bristol 22,016[n. 3]
Buckinghamshire 37,694[n. 4]
Cambridgeshire 26,241[n. 5]
Demographics (C-D)
State Muslims
Cheshire 6,488[n. 6]
City of London 409[n. 7]
Cornwall 858[n. 8]
Cumbria 1,336[n. 9]
Derbyshire 21,216[n. 10]
Demographics (D-E)
State Muslims
Devon 5,690[n. 11]
Dorset 5,617[n. 12]
County Durham 7,737[n. 13]
E. R. of York. 6,756[n. 14]
East Sussex 10,296[n. 15]
Demographics (E-H)
State Muslims
Essex 19,999[n. 16]
Gloucestershire 7,917[n. 17]
G. Manchester 232,787[n. 18]
Greater London 1,012,414[n. 19]
Hampshire 25,064[n. 20]
Demographics (H-L)
State Muslims
Herefordshire 364[n. 21]
Hertfordshire 30,730[n. 22]
Isle of Wight 1,653
Kent 19,101[n. 23]
Lancashire 96,600[n. 24]
Demographics (L-N)
State Muslims
Leicestershire 70,536[n. 25]
Lincolnshire 7,136[n. 26]
Merseyside 19,247[n. 27]
Norfolk 5,021[n. 28]
North Yorkshire 18,716[n. 29]
Demographics (N-R)
State Muslims
Northamptonshire 12,104[n. 30]
Northumberland 1,018[n. 31]
Nottinghamshire 33,882[n. 32]
Oxfordshire 15,734[n. 33]
Rutland 131[n. 34]
Demographics (S-S)
State Muslims
Shropshire 4,008[n. 35]
Somerset 3,518[n. 36]
South Yorkshire 58,350[n. 37]
Staffordshire 25,810[n. 38]
Suffolk 5,818[n. 39]
Demographics (S-W)
State Muslims
Surrey 23,592[n. 40]
Tyne and Wear 27,654[n. 41]
Warwickshire 5,820[n. 42]
West Midlands 332,684[n. 43]
West Sussex 12,668[n. 44]
Demographics (W-Z)
State Muslims
West Yorkshire 252,370[n. 45]
Wiltshire 5,612[n. 46]
Worcestershire 7,466[n. 47]
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Westminster Houses

Many scholarly articles refer to Mohammad Sarwar as Britains first (known) Muslim MP, who was elected in 1997 in Govan, Glasgow, Scotland at the 1997 general election.[1] In 2001 Sarwar was re-elected, along with Khalid Mahmood,[2] who became Britain's second Muslim MP, in the Birmingham Perry Barr constituency.[2] By the 2005 general elections, the figure of Muslim MP's had doubled,[1] with Sadiq Khan (of the Tooting constituency[3]) and Shahid Malik (of the Dewsbury constituency[3]) achieving parliamentary status, along with Sarwar and Mahmood.[3] Sarwar was in his third term by now, closely followed behind by Mahmood who'd secured a second term. The 2010 general election quadrupled Muslim representation from 2001,[1] bringing the total number of Muslim MP's to eight.[1] The 2010 general election also saw the first women of Muslim (and Asian) background were first elected.[4] The three,[1] Rushanara Ali[4] (of the Bethnal Green and Bow constituency[4]), Shabana Mahmood[4] (of the Birmingham Ladywood constituency), and Yasmin Qureshi[4] (of the Bolton South East constituency), all achieved the title simultaneously. The first British Iraqi Muslim also achieved the status of MP in the same election. The majority of the Muslim MP's are however from the British Pakistani community. Jonathan Sayeed, who is of partial Indian Muslim descent,[n. 48] and George Galloway—who is said to be a convert to Islam[n. 49]—are not publicly known as Muslims and there is some confusion over whether they are Muslim. Although there is strong evidence for him being Muslim, Zahawi has never really said what religion he is.[n. 50]
Lord Gulam Noon in Lords-wear.
Baroness Warsi, one of several Muslim females in the House of Lords.
Muslims are also present in the House of Lords, which is known to have a long history stretching back to the 14th Century.[5] It was primarily England's archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors and noblemen who attended and formed the House during it's infancy.[5] By the early 15th century attendance "was on an almost entirely hereditary basis" with almost no new lords appointed in subject to entry.[5] Despite birth determining peerage, Britain's Muslim community however, can directly trace an organic heritage to this system of Lordship and hereditary peerage through Henry Stanley (also known later as Abdul Rahman), who was the 3rd Baron Stanley of Alderley, who was a convert to the Islamic faith during the Victorian era. Modern Muslim peerages however came as a result of England's turbulent history between the 16th and 20th Centuries.[5] The 18th Century was especially significant for all peers, as it was in this period when drastic changes were introduced to the way the Lords operated when England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland formed a Union based upon the Acts of Union (1707) (Scotland) and Acts of Union (Ireland) (1800).[5] However the most important reforms would come later for minorities in the 20th Century, where acts such as the Life Peerages Act (1958) and the House of Lords Act (1999), finally allowed minorities to enter the House of Lords in significant numbers.[5] In total there have been at least seventeen known Muslim Lords and Baronesses. The majority of these are of Pakistani background, but the Lords and Baronesses contains more diversity, compared to MP's.
Members of Parliament (MP's)
Origin Ethnic Group Name Given Title First Elected Years of Service Terms Completed
Flag of India.svg.png British Mixed Asian Jonathan Sayeed Bristol East, Mid Bedfordshire 1983, 1987, 1997, 2001[6] 17 years of service IV, Retired
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Mohammad Sarwar[1] Glasgow Govan, Glasgow Central 1997, 2001, 2005[1] 13 years of service[1] III, Retired[1]
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Khalid Mahmood[7] Birmingham Perry Barr[7] 2001, 2005, 2010, 2015,[7] 2017[8] 17 years, 7 months and 12 days of service V, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Rehman Chishti[9] Gillingham and Rainham[9] 2005, 2010, 2015,[9] 2017[8] 13 years, 7 months and 12 days of service IV, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Sadiq Khan[10] Tooting[10] 2005, 2010, 2015[10] 11 years of service III,LM
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Shahid Malik[11] Dewsbury[11] 2005[11] 5 years of service I, Ended[11]
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Yasmin Qureshi[4][12] Bolton South East[12] 2005, 2010, 2015,[4][12] 2017[8] 8 years, 7 months and 12 days of service IV, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Anas Sarwar Glasgow Central 2010[13] 5 years of service I, Ended
Flag of Iraq.jpg British Iraqi Nadhim Zahawi[14] Stratford-on-Avon[14] 2010, 2015,[14] 2017[8] 8 years, 7 months and 12 days of service III, Ongoing
Flag of Bangladesh.svg.png British Bangladeshi Rushanara Ali[4] Bethnal Green and Bow[4] 2010, 2015,[4] 2017[8] 8 years, 7 months and 12 days of service III, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Sajid Javid[15] Bromsgrove[15] 2010, 2015,[15] 2017[8] 8 years, 7 months and 12 days of service III, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Shabana Mahmood[16] Birmingham Ladywood[16] 2010, 2015,[4][16] 2017[8] 8 years, 7 months and 12 days of service III, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Mixed Asian Tasmina Ahmed Sheikh Ochil and South Perthshire[17] 2015[18] 2 years of service I, Ended[19]
Flag of Bangladesh.svg.png British Pakistani Rupa Huq Ealing Central and Acton[20] 2015,[18] 2017[8] 3 years, 7 months and 12 days of service II, Ongoing
Flag of Bangladesh.svg.png British Pakistani Tulip Rizwana Siddiq Hampstead and Kilburn[21] 2015,[18] 2017[8] 3 years, 7 months and 12 days of service II, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Nusrat Ghani Wealden[22] 2015,[18] 2017[8] 3 years, 7 months and 12 days of service II, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Naz Shah Bradford West[23] 2015,[18] 2017[8] 3 years, 7 months and 12 days of service II, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Imran Hussein Bradford East[24] 2015,[18] 2017[8] 3 years, 7 months and 12 days of service II, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Rosena Allin-Khan Tooting 2016,[25] 2017[8] 2 years, 7 months and 9 days of service II, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Afzal Khan Manchester Gorton 2017[26][8] 1 year, 6 months and 9 days of service I, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Faisal Rashid Warrington South 2017[26][8] 1 year, 6 months and 9 days of service I, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Mohammed Yasin Bedford & Kempston 2017[26][8] 1 year, 6 months and 9 days of service I, Ongoing
Members of the House of Lords (Peers)
Origin Ethnic Group Name Given Title Conferred Years of Service Tenure
Flag of India.svg.png British Indian Adam Patel[27] Baron February 14th, 2000 18 years, 10 months and 3 days Ongoing
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg.png British White Arminka Helic[28] Baroness August 8th, 2014 4 years, 4 months and 9 days Ongoing
Flag of Tanzania.svg.png British Tanzanian Asian Amir Bhatia[29] Baron June 5th, 2001 17 years, 6 months and 12 days Ongoing
Flag of India.svg.png British Indian Gulam Noon[30] Baron January 27th, 2011 7 years, 10 months and 20 days Ongoing
Flag of Iran.svg.png British Iranian Haleh Afshar[31] Baroness December 11th, 2007 11 years and 6 days Ongoing
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png British White Henry Stanley[32] Baron June 16th, 1869 34 years, 5 months, 25 days Completed
Flag of India.svg.png British Indian Khalid Hameed[33] Baron March 27th, 2007 11 years, 8 months and 20 days Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Kishwer Falkner[34][35] Baroness June 2nd, 2004 14 years, 6 months and 15 days Ongoing
Flag of Bangladesh.svg.png British Bangladeshi Manzila Uddin[36] Baroness July 18th 1998 20 years, 4 months and 29 days Ongoing
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg.png British Turk-Cypriot Meral Hussein-Ece[37] Baroness June 25th, 2010 8 years, 5 months and 22 days Ongoing
Flag of Kenya.svg.png British Kenyan Asian Mohamed Sheikh[38] Baron June 6th, 2006 12 years, 6 months and 11 days Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Nazir Ahmed[39] Baron August 3rd, 1998 20 years, 4 months and 14 days Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Nosheena Mobarik[28] Baroness August 8th, 2014 4 years, 4 months and 9 days Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Qurban Hussain[40] Baron January 20th, 2011 7 years, 10 months and 27 days Ongoing
Flag of Uganda.svg.png British Ugandan Asian Rumi Verjee[41] Baron August 1st, 2013 5 years, 4 months and 16 days Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Sayeeda Warsi[42] Baroness October 11th, 2007 11 years, 2 months and 6 days Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Tariq Ahmad[43] Baron January 13th, 2011 7 years, 11 months and 4 days Ongoing
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png See footnote Waheed Alli[44] Baron July 18th, 1998 20 years, 4 months and 29 days Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Zahida Manzoor[45] Baroness August 1st, 2013 5 years, 4 months and 16 days Ongoing
  • Black and Blue: Minority or first elected of their ethnicity or gender.
  • Pink: Female Muslims or Female of Muslim Heritage.
  • LM: Resigned as MP; Successfully ran as London Mayor.

Other Representatives

Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSP's)
Origin Ethnic Group Name Given Title First Elected Years of Service Terms Completed
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Bashir Ahmad[46][47] Glasgow 2007[46] 2 years of service I, Died[46]
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Hanzala Malik[13] Glasgow 2011[13] 5 years of service I, Retired[48]
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Humza Yousaf[49] Glasgow 2011,[49] 2016[50] 7 years, 7 months and 9 days years of service II, Ongoing
Welsh Assembly Members (AM's)
Origin Ethnic Group Name Given Title First Elected Years of Service Terms Completed
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Mohammad Asghar[51] South Wales East 2007,[51] 2011,[52] 2016[52] 11 years, 7 months and 13 days years of service III, Ongoing
Members of European Parliament (MEP's)
Origin Ethnic Group Name Given Title First Elected Years of Service Terms Completed
Flag of Tanzania.svg.png British Pakistani Bashir Khanbhai Glasgow 1999[53] 5 years of service I, Retired
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Sajjad Karim[3] Glasgow 2004,[53] 2009,[53] 2014[54] 14 years, 6 months and 7 days years of service III, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Guyanese Asian Syed Kamall[3] Glasgow 2004,[53] 2009,[53] 2014[54] 14 years, 6 months and 7 days years of service III, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Afzal Khan North West England 2014[54] 3 years of service I, MP
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Amjad Bashir Yorkshire and the Humber 2014[54] 4 years, 5 months and 20 days years of service I, Ongoing
London Assembly Members
Origin Ethnic Group Name Given Title First Elected Years of Service Terms Completed
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Murad Qureshi[55] Londonwide 2004,[56] 2008,[57] 2012,[58] 2016[59] 13 years, 6 months and 7 days years of service IV, Ongoing
Flag of Pakistan.svg.png British Pakistani Navin Shah[55] Brent and Harrow 2008,[57] 2012,[58] 2016[59] 10 years, 7 months and 16 days years of service III, Ongoing
  • MP: Resigned as MEP; Successfully ran as MP.

Sources

Footnotes

  1. ^ Bedford (8,610), Central Bedfordshire (1,931), Luton (49,991)
  2. ^ West Berkshire (1,218), Reading (11,007), Wokingham (4,352), Bracknell Forest (1,276), Windsor and Maidenhead (5,684), Slough (32,655)
  3. ^ Bristol only (22,016)
  4. ^ South Bucks (1,665), Chiltern (2,311), Wycombe (15,022), Aylesbury Vale (6,783), Borough of Milton Keynes (11,913)
  5. ^ Cambridge (4,897), South Cambridgeshire (1,464), Huntingdonshire (1,865), Fenland (395), East Cambridgeshire (369), Peterborough (17,251)
  6. ^ Cheshire West and Chester (1,686), Cheshire East (2,438), Warrington (2,097), Halton (267)
  7. ^ City of London (409) only
  8. ^ Cornwall (855), Isles of Scilly (3)
  9. ^ Borough of Barrow-in-Furness (172), South Lakeland (175), Copeland (227), Allerdale (192), Eden (115), Carlisle (455)
  10. ^ High Peak (178), Derbyshire Dales (142), South Derbyshire (331), Erewash (258), Amber Valley (188), North East Derbyshire (268), Chesterfield (699), Bolsover (146), Derby (19,006)
  11. ^ Exeter (1,855), East Devon (229), Mid Devon (112), North Devon (281), Torridge (92), West Devon (90), South Hams (201), Teignbridge (231), Plymouth (2,078), Torbay (521)
  12. ^ Weymouth and Portland (308), West Dorset (257), North Dorset (186), Purbeck (69), East Dorset (352), Christchurch (146), Bournemouth (3,264), Poole (1,035)
  13. ^ County Durham (1,934), Hartlepool (689), Darlington (971), Stockton-on-Tees (4,143)
  14. ^ East Riding of Yorkshire (1,309), Kingston upon Hull (5,447)
  15. ^ Hastings (1,159), Rother (460), Wealden (566), Eastbourne (1,458), Lewes (558), Brighton & Hove (6,095)
  16. ^ Harlow (1,745), Epping Forest (2,377), Brentwood (649), Basildon (1,622), Castle Point (378), Rochford (296), Maldon (171), Chelmsford (2,012), Uttlesford (429), Braintree (685), Colchester (2,762), Tendring (400), Thurrock (3,164), Southend-on-Sea (3,309)
  17. ^ Gloucester (3,885), Tewkesbury (273), Cheltenham (1,087), Cotswold (164), Stroud (238), Forest of Dean (94), South Gloucestershire (2,176)
  18. ^ Manchester (79,496), Stockport (9,431), Tameside (9,705), Oldham (39,879), Rochdale (29,426), Bury (11,279), Bolton (32,385), Wigan (2,162), Salford (6,030), Trafford (12,994)
  19. ^ City of Westminster (40,073), Kensington and Chelsea (15,812), Hammersmith and Fulham (18,242), Wandsworth (24,746), Lambeth (21,500), Southwark (24,551), Tower Hamlets (87,696), Hackney (34,727), Islington (19,521), Camden (26,643), Brent (58,036), Ealing (53,198), Hounslow (35,666), Richmond upon Thames (6,128), Kingston upon Thames (9,474), Merton (16,262), Sutton (7,726), Croydon (29,513), Bromley (7,841), Lewisham (17,759), Greenwich (17,349), Bexley (5,645), Havering (4,829), Barking and Dagenham (25,520), Redbridge (64,999), Newham (98,456), Waltham Forest (56,541), Haringey (36,130), Enfield (52,141), Barnet (36,744), Harrow (29,881), Hillingdon (29,065)
  20. ^ Gosport (452), Fareham (538), Winchester (558), Havant (570), East Hampshire (421), Hart (509), Rushmoor (1,356), Basingstoke and Deane (1,464), Test Valley (671), Eastleigh (975), New Forest (485), Southampton (9,903), Portsmouth (7,162)
  21. ^ Herefordshire (364) only
  22. ^ Three Rivers (1,947), Watford (8,905), Hertsmere (2,402), Welwyn Hatfield (2,810), Broxbourne (2,287), East Hertfordshire (989), Stevenage (1,654), North Hertfordshire (1,453), St Albans (5,167), Dacorum (3,116)
  23. ^ Sevenoaks (600), Dartford (1,566), Gravesham (1,894), Tonbridge and Malling (750), Medway (5,169), Maidstone (1,685), Tunbridge Wells (1,241), Swale (792), Ashford (1,019), Canterbury (1,838), Shepway (796), Thanet (1,230), Dover (521)
  24. ^ West Lancashire (276), Chorley (1,130), South Ribble (592), Fylde (350), Preston (15,769), Wyre (305), Lancaster (1,767), Ribble Valley (425), Pendle (15,579), Burnley (8,580), Rossendale (2,613), Hyndburn (8,336), Blackpool (1,061), Blackburn with Darwen (39,817)
  25. ^ Charnwood (3,925), Melton (41), Harborough (423), Oadby and Wigston (3,256), Blaby (728), Hinckley and Bosworth (517), North West Leicestershire (206), Leicester (61,440)
  26. ^ Lincoln (902), North Kesteven (250), South Kesteven (358), South Holland (258), Boston (434), East Lindsey (366), West Lindsey (212), North Lincolnshire (3,024), North East Lincolnshire (1,332)
  27. ^ Liverpool (15,209), Sefton (1,189), Knowsley (435), St Helens (605), Wirral (1,809)
  28. ^ Norwich (2,612), South Norfolk (403), Great Yarmouth (518), Broadland (377), North Norfolk (158), King's Lynn and West Norfolk (544), Breckland (409)
  29. ^ Selby (95), Harrogate (573), Craven (506), Richmondshire (130), Hambleton (234), Ryedale (57), Scarborough (551), York (2,072), Redcar and Cleveland (598), Middlesbrough (9,757), Stockton-on-Tees (4,143)
  30. ^ South Northamptonshire (290), Northampton (8,806), Daventry (439), Wellingborough (1,232), Kettering (723), Corby (382), East Northamptonshire (232)
  31. ^ Northumberland only (1,018)
  32. ^ Rushcliffe (1,697), Broxtowe (1,636), Ashfield (375), Gedling (1,535), Newark and Sherwood (456), Mansfield (563), Bassetlaw (701), Nottingham (26,919)
  33. ^ Oxford (10,320), Cherwell (3,196), South Oxfordshire (710), Vale of White Horse (1,073), West Oxfordshire (435)
  34. ^ Rutland only (131)
  35. ^ Shropshire (989), Telford and Wrekin (3,019)
  36. ^ South Somerset (417), Taunton Deane (399), West Somerset (43), Sedgemoor (341), Mendip (270), Bath and North East Somerset (1,179), North Somerset (869)
  37. ^ Sheffield (42,801), Rotherham (9,614), Doncaster (4,990), Barnsley (945)
  38. ^ Tamworth (235), Lichfield (448), Cannock Chase (219), South Staffordshire (364), Stafford (1,151), Newcastle-under-Lyme (1,393), Staffordshire Moorlands (192), East Staffordshire (6,815), Stoke-on-Trent (14,993)
  39. ^ Ipswich (3,577), Suffolk Coastal (539), Waveney (388), Mid Suffolk (152), Babergh (196), St Edmundsbury (602), Forest Heath (364)
  40. ^ Spelthorne (1,808), Runnymede (1,556), Surrey Heath (1,607), Woking (7,323), Elmbridge (2,406), Guildford (2,713), Mole Valley (669), Epsom and Ewell (2,277), Reigate and Banstead (2,637), Tandridge (596)
  41. ^ Gateshead (2,096), Newcastle upon Tyne (17,561), North Tyneside (1,493), South Tyneside (2,854), Sunderland (3,650)
  42. ^ North Warwickshire (110), Nuneaton and Bedworth (2,895), Rugby (1,236), Stratford-on-Avon (280), Warwick (1,299)
  43. ^ City of Wolverhampton (9,062) Dudley (12,902), Walsall (22,146), Sandwell (25,251), City of Birmingham (234,411), Solihull (5,247), City of Coventry (23,665)
  44. ^ Worthing (1,348), Arun (806), Chichester (419), Horsham (673), Crawley (7,681), Mid Sussex (1,130), Adur (611)
  45. ^ Leeds (40,772), Wakefield (6,475), Kirklees (61,280), Calderdale (14,802), Bradford (129,041)
  46. ^ Wiltshire (2,074), Swindon (3,538)
  47. ^ Worcester (2,847), Malvern Hills (197), Wyre Forest (681), Bromsgrove (502), Redditch (2,870), Wychavon (369)
  48. ^ It is not clear whether or not Jonathan Sayeed even is Muslim. He chooses to identify as White, and probably does not identify himself as Muslim, at least not publicly.
    1. Robert Waller; Byron Criddle (7 May 2007). The Almanac of British Politics. Routledge. p. 262. ISBN 978-1-135-20676-5.
  49. ^ There have been rumours that Galloway converted to Islam, which comes chiefly from Jemima Khan (who is the British Jewish ex-wife—now convert to Islam—of the famous Pakistani Muslim cricketer Imran Khan), who claimed that he had converted to Islam in 2002. According to the Guardian; Quote: "The newly elected MP for Bradford West does not deny being a Muslim, but says Khan's claim of a conversion in a hotel in Kilburn, north-west London, is "simply and categorically untrue". Galloway is often asked about his faith but refuses to answer, saying his religion is a "personal matter" of no import to his political activities. He recently married his fourth wife in what has been reported was a Muslim ceremony in Amsterdam". The Guardian went on to state; Quote: "In a statement entitled "The Staggers has fallen on its face", Galloway responded to the New Statesman piece by saying: "The opening paragraph of Jemima Khan's piece in the New Statesman [referring to an alleged conversion ceremony] is totally untrue. Moreover, I told her it was fallacious when she put it to me. I have never attended any such ceremony in Kilburn, Karachi or Kathmandu. It is simply and categorically untrue".
    1. Helen Pidd (April 26th, 2012). [1]. The Guardian. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved July 23rd, 2017.
    2. Telegraph Staff (April 26th, 2012). [2]. The Telegraph. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved July 23rd, 2017.
    3. Naveeda Khan (27 April 2012). Beyond Crisis: Re-evaluating Pakistan. Routledge. p. 348. ISBN 978-1-136-51759-4.
  50. ^ Zahawi is of Kurdish-Iraqi origin. The likelihood of him being Muslims is quite high. Furthermore, during the Trump Administrations Muslim Ban of 2017, Zahawi could not get into the United States. The problem is, Christians were affected by this ban too, although the Trump Administraiton said Christians would be exempted. However, there is no current indications as to whether Zahawi is Christian.
    1. Jon Stone (January 29th, 2017). [3]. The Independent. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved July 23rd, 2017.
    However, what is known is that Zahawi is a famous Muslim name, as evidence from history, who was a pioneer of women's rights.
    1. Sadok Masliyah (1996). Zahawi: A Muslim Pioneer of Women's Liberation. Middle Eastern Studies. Vol. 32, No. 3 (Jul., 1996), pp. 161-171. Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. JSTOR. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved July 23rd, 2017.
    The National Secular Society also regards him Muslim.
    1. Muslim MPs or MPs who are Muslim?. National Secular Society. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved July 23rd, 2017.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Mario Peucker; Shahram Akbarzadeh (3 April 2014). Muslim Active Citizenship in the West. Routledge. p. 137. ISBN 978-1-317-97427-7.
  2. ^ a b Romain Garbaye (22 July 2011). Getting Into Local Power: The Politics of Ethnic Minorities in British and French Cities. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 1888–. ISBN 978-1-4443-5554-3.
  3. ^ a b c d e Nahid Afrose Kabir (2010). Young British Muslims: Identity, Culture, Politics and the Media. Edinburgh University Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-7486-4133-8.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Esra Santesso (12 September 2013). Disorientation: Muslim Identity in Contemporary Anglophone Literature. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 182. ISBN 978-1-137-28172-2.
  5. ^ a b c d e f The History of the House of Lords. Parliament. House of Lords Briefing. p. 1-4. Retrieved 30th September 2014.
  6. ^ Bill Jones; Philip Norton (20 June 2014). Politics UK. Routledge. p. 172. ISBN 978-1-317-58103-1.
  7. ^ a b c Khalid Mahmood. Parliament. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p The Muslim News Staff (June 9th, 2017). Exclusive: UK: Muslim MPs prominent in Labour resurgence. Muslim News. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved July 22nd, 2017.
  9. ^ a b c Rehman Chishti MP. Parliament. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  10. ^ a b c Sadiq Khan. Parliament. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
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