Pax Islamica and It's List of Wars, Battles and Campaigns From c. 624 to c. 1999

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Battles by Century: 7th Century558th—10th Century6111th Century6012th Century7113th Century6114th Century5415th Century7616th Century11717th Century12218th Century20219th Century24920th Century295

An Ottoman admiral's galley warship in the 16th century.
  • According to the "Dictionary of Battles and Sieges" (2006), throughout the course of human history there have been over 8,500 known battles fought between humans since 1,468 BC; with this initial year amounting to the earliest time when the first ever known battle was written down.[1][n. 1][2] As of 2006 (the time of the books publication) this has meant humans have recorded over 3,474 years of war (with an average outbreak of between 2—3 battles per year). In 1991, it was estimated over 151 million people had died as a direct result of war since 3,000 BC (previous estimates were around the region of 1—2 billion).[3]
    • The single deadliest conflict (which comprised of many battles), was World War II (1939—1945[4]), where 60—85 million died.[5][6] This was followed by the Mongol Conquests (1206—1368[7]) with 60 million dead[8] (who's soldiers were so ferocious, that they even invaded as far as Germany, Austria, Poland and Hungary[9]). The US (f. 1776[10]) is however the deadliest country by far in the modern age, who's "invasions of dozens of countries" have killed between 20—30 million since the outbreak of the Korean War (1950—1953[11][12]) up to 2013.[5] Most of those killed by the US have been civilians.[5]
    • Interestingly, between 5,034,987 and 5,434,987 Muslim soldiers participated as volunteers on the allied side of the war during World War II; with between 1,545,005—1,679,005 killed in action (for more information see Muslim Soldiers During World War II). Tragically, the contributions of these soldiers is rarely emphasised in the West, with a greater emphasis focused on a very small minority Muslims who joined the Axis side of the conflict (most notably, the "grand mufti" of Palestine who was pictured along with Adolf Hitler (1889—1945[13]);[14] the German chancellor[15] and leader of the Nazi party (1920—1945[16]) at a political meeting, and who's photo has been shared numerous times on social media, and a few Bosnian Muslim[n. 2] and British Raj Indian rebel troops[n. 3]).
The Rocket Torpedo, Hassan er(/al)-Rammah ca. 1280 A.D. National Air and Space Museum (Smithonian).[17]
  • Islamic history is also replete with many battles, wars and campaigns; and encompasses some 1,423 battles[18] fought and recorded between 624 and 1999 (with the Battle of Badr being the first and the 2nd Chechen War being the last) over the course of 1,375 years (which has meant an average outbreak of 1 battle per year). Overall, Islamic warfare makes up around 17% of all human battles in history. The following is a chronological list of all of these wars, battles and campaigns during this time period, separated century by century.[18] The list of battles in not fully complete and only includes those from Alexander Mikaberidze's "Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia" (2011; where for example the Siege of Silistria (1854) is not mentioned).[18]*
    • Conflict has erupted in the Islamic world on average every 5—6 years (based on a total of 254 campaigns); and although large parts of the Muslim world today are very safe from conflict, Muslim countries on the borders of the Islamic world continue to remain quite vulnerable. The mass persecution of Muslims has also presented itself as a new danger in countries such as India (with the Kashmir freedom struggle spanning more than several decades[19][20] and where Muslims continue to suffer from state sponsored pogroms and genocides[21][22]), Myanmar (Rohingya Genocide[23][24][25]), Israel (Palestinian Genocide[26][27]), China (Uyghur Genocide[28][29][n. 4]) and Serbia (Bosnian Genocide[30][31]), all of which are not counted as battles or wars as they only affect regular civilians.
  • The most peaceful period in Islamic history has been between the 8th and 10th centuries; unsurprising given that this was when the Islamic Golden Age (c. 786—c. 1258;[32] or Islamic Renaissance) was at it's height; a cultural, intellectual and technologically advanced and influential era. The worst period was between the 19th and 20th centuries when many Muslim countries suffered extensively at the hands of European invaders, colonialists and imperialists. Broken down by era, the Early Middle-ages (7th—10th Centuries) saw 27 campaigns, the High Middle-ages (11th—13th Centuries) 37, the Late Middle-ages (14th—16th Centuries) 61, the Contemporary Era (18th—19th Centuries) 59 and the Post-Early Modern Era (19th—20th Centuries) 87.[18]
    • Some of the most famous battles have included the Battles of Yarmouk, (636), Masts (655), Xeres (711), Talas (751), Manzikert (1071), Maritsa (1371), Nicopolis (1396), Constantinople (1453), Mohacs (1526), Preveza (1538), Algiers (1541), 2nd Panipat (1556), Djerba (1560), 3rd Panipat (1761), Pollilur (1780), Gallipoli (1915), Kashmir (1947) and Chechnya (1994). Some of the most famous campaigns have consisted of the Turkish War of Independence (1919—1922[33]) and the Crusades (1096—1272;[34] in which the Muslims eventually triumphed[n. 5]). Lastly, omitted from this list are 21st century (ongoing) conflicts; this is largely because modern conflicts and battles suffer the "fog of war"; making them difficult to contextualise until things have settled.

*Certain campaigns known elsewhere may also have names different to those remembered in Islamic history. It must further be noted that Mikaberidze is a European historian, so his research may potentially be very biased.

Working Title: Pax Islamica and It's List of Wars, Battles and Campaigns From c. 624 to c. 1999 | Original Publisher: Materia Islamica | Publication Date: December 2nd, 2016 | Updated: June 4th, 2022 | Written by: Canadian786 |
Sources (FootnotesReferences) • External Links

Pax Islamica and It's List of Wars, Battles and Campaigns From c. 624 to c. 1999

7th Century

7th Century (55 Battles)[35] Total Campaigns: 254 Total Battles: 1,423

Muslim Campaign (624—630)

  • Battle of Badr (624)
  • Battle of Uhud (625)
  • Battle of Medina (627)
  • Battle of Khaybar (628)
  • Battle of Mecca (630)

The Syrian Conquest (629—639)

  • Battle of Muta (629)
  • Battle of Ajnadin (634)
  • Battle of Bosra (634)
  • Battle of Marj Rahit (634)
  • Battle of Wadi al-Arabah (634)
  • Battle of Yarmuk (634)
  • Battle of Damascus (635)
  • Battle of Fihl (635)
  • Battle of Marj as-Suffar (635)
  • Battle of Yarmuk (636)
  • Battle of Jerusalem (638)
  • Battle of Aleppo (639)

Muslim Civil Wars (632—763)

  • Battle of Buzakha (632)
  • Battle of Dhu al Quassa (633)
  • Battle of Akraba (633)
  • Battle of Camel (656)
  • Battle of Siffin (657)
  • Battle of Karbala (680)
  • Battle of Harra (683)
  • Battle of Mecca (683)
  • Battle of Medina (683)
  • Battle of Marj Rahit (684)
  • Battle of Mecca (692)

Iraq Conquest (633—637)

  • Battle of Hafir (633)
  • Battle of Hira (633)
  • Battle of Mazar (633)
  • Battle of Ullais (633)
  • Battle of Walaja (633)
  • Battle of Ain Tamar (634)
  • Battle of Babylon (634)
  • Battle of Bridge (634)
  • Battle of Firadz (634)
  • Battle of Nimaraq (634)
  • Battle of Buwayb (635)
  • Battle of Qadisiyya (636)
  • Battle of Jalula (637)
  • Battle of Madain (637)

Egypt Conquest (640—642)

  • Battle of Heliopolis (640)
  • Battle of Pelusium (640)
  • Battle of Babylon (640-641)
  • Battle of Alexandria (641-642)

Persian Conquest

  • Battle of Nehavend (641)

Egyptian-Nubian Wars

  • Battle of Nubia (641—652)

Byzantine-Muslim Wars (645—739)

  • Battle of Alexandria (645)
  • Battle of Mount Phoenix (654)
  • Battle of Amorium (669)
  • Battle of Syllaeum (677)
  • Battle of Sebastopolis (692)

North African Conquest (647—698)

  • Battle of Sufetula (647)
  • Battle of Biskra (683)
  • Battle of Mams (688)
  • Battle of Carthage (697—698)

8th—10th Century

8th—10th Century (61 Battles)[36]

Muslim Civil Wars

  • Battle of Dayr al Jamajm (701)
  • Battle of Maskin (701)
  • Battle of Akra (721)
  • Battle of Aqua Portora (742)
  • Battle of Ain Diar (744)
  • Battle of Karbala (749)
  • Battle of Zab (750)
  • Battle of Medina (762)
  • Battle of Bakhamra (763)

Sino-Arab Conflict

  • Sino-Arab Conflict (751)

Byzantine-Muslim Wars (645—739)

  • Battle of Constantinople (717—718)
  • Battle of Adiranople (718)
  • Battle of Akroinos (739)

Spanish Conquest (711—718)

  • Battle of Ecija (711)
  • Battle of Guadalete (711)
  • Battle of Merida (713)
  • Battle of Segoyuela (713)
  • Battle of Convadonga (718)

Sindh Conquest (712—738)

  • Battle of Raor (712)
  • Battle of Navsari (738)

French Conquest (721—732)

  • Battle of Toulouse (721)
  • Battle of Bordeaux (732)
  • Battle of Tours (732)

Byzantine-Muslim Wars (778—902)

  • Battle of Hadath (778—779)
  • Battle of Samalu (780)
  • Battle of Nicomedia (782)
  • Battle of Crasus (805)
  • Battle of Heraclea (806)
  • Battle of Syracuse (827—828)
  • Battle of Palermo (830—831)
  • Battle of Amorium (838)
  • Battle of Dazimon (838)
  • Battle of Messina (843)
  • Battle of Ostia (849)
  • Battle of Castrogiovanni (859)
  • Battle of Poson (863)
  • Battle of Bari (871)
  • Battle of Syracuse (877—878)

Muslim War of Succession (809—811)

  • Battle of Baghdad (809—811)

Rebellions (814—883)

  • Shia Rebellion (814—819)
  • Zanj Slave Rebellion (883)

Byzantine-Muslim Wars (778—902)

  • Battle of Taormina (902)

Spanish-Muslim Wars (918—939)

  • Battle of San Esteban de Gormaz (918)
  • Battle of Val de Junquera (920)
  • Battle of Sanguesa (924)
  • Battle of Simancas (939)

Qarmatian Sack of Mecca (930)

  • Battle of Mecca (930)

Muslim Civil Wars (936—978)

  • Battle of the Muslim Civil War (936—944)
  • Battle of the Muslim Civil War (945—948)
  • Battle of the Muslim Civil War (968—978)

Byzantine-Muslim Wars (961—1038)

  • Battle of Crete (961)
  • Battle of Aleppo (962)
  • Battle of Adana (964)
  • Battle of Tarsus (965)
  • Battle of Aleppo (969)
  • Battle of Antioch (969)
  • Battle of Amida (973)

Hindu-Muslim Wars (989—1038)

  • Battle of Lamghan (989)

Afghan Sucessesion (998—1041)

  • Battle of Ghazni (998)

Spanish-Muslim Wars (981—1002)

  • Battle of Rueda (981)

Iranian Dynasty Wars (999—1032)

  • Battle of Merv (999)

11th Century

11th Century (60 Battles)[37]

Byzantine-Muslim Wars (961—1038)

  • Battle of Azaz (1030)
  • Battle of Edessa (1031)
  • Battle of Rometta (1038)

Spanish-Muslim Wars (981—1002)

  • Battle of Calatanazar (1002)

Hindu-Muslim Wars (989—1038)

  • Battle of Peshawar (1001)
  • Battle of Bhera (1006)
  • Battle of Waihand (1006)
  • Battle of Waihand (1008)
  • Battle of Thaneswar (1011)
  • Battle of Sharwa (1019)
  • Battle of Somnath (1026)
  • Battle of Hansi (1037-1038)

Afghan Wars of Sucessesion (998—1041)

  • Battle of Fatehabad (1041)

Iranian Dynasty Wars (999—1032)

  • Battle of Tarq (1002)
  • Battle of Uk (1003)
  • Battle of Balkh (1008)
  • Battle of Hazarasp (1017)
  • Battle of Samarkand (1025)
  • Battle of Sarjahan (1029)
  • Battle of Dabusiyya (1032)

Seljuk Wars (1037—1060)

  • Battle of Nishapur (1037)
  • Battle of Dandanaqan (1040)
  • Battle of Hasankale (1048)
  • Battle of Isfahan (1050—1051)
  • Battle of Tarq (1051)
  • Battle of Manzikert (1054)
  • Battle of Baghdad (1055)
  • Battle of Rayy (1059)
  • Battle of Kufah (1060)

Christian Invasion of Spain (1063—1248)

  • Battle of Graus (1063)
  • Battle of Coimbra (1064)
  • Battle of Cabra (1079)
  • Battle of Almenar (1082)
  • Battle of Ebro (1084)
  • Battle of Toledo (1084—1085)
  • Battle of Zallaka (1086)
  • Battle of Almodovar del Rio (1091)
  • Battle of Cuarte (1093—1094)
  • Battle of Valencia (1091—1094)
  • Battle of Alcoraz (1096)
  • Battle of Bairen (1097)

Georgian-Seljuk Wars (1075—1202)

  • Battle of Partskhisi (1075)

First Western Crusade

  • Battle of Civetot (1096)
  • Battle of Wieselburg (1096)
  • Battle of Xerigordan (1096)
  • Battle of Albara (1097)
  • Battle of Antioch (1097)
  • Battle of Dorylaeum (1097)
  • Battle of Heraclea (1097)
  • Battle of Nicaea (1097)
  • Battle of Tarsus (1097)
  • Battle of Antioch (1097—1098)
  • Battle of Arqa (1098)
  • Battle of Edessa (1098)
  • Battle of Harene (1098)
  • Battle of Jerusalem (1098)
  • Battle of Maarat an-Numan (1098)
  • Battle of Orontes (1098)
  • Battle of Ascalon (1099)
  • Battle of Jerusalem (1099)

12th Century

12th Century (71 Battles)[38]

Christian Invasion of Spain (1063—1248)

  • Battle of Mollerusa (1102)
  • Battle of Ucles (1108)
  • Battle of Valtierra (1110)
  • Battle of Saragossa (1118)
  • Battle of Cutanda (1120)
  • Battle of Arinsol (1126)
  • Battle of Cullera (1129)
  • Battle of Fraga (1134)
  • Battle of Tortosa (1148)
  • Battle of Alarcos (1195)

Crusader-Muslim Wars (1100—1179)

  • Battle of Melitene (1100)
  • Battle of Heraclea (1101)
  • Battle of Mersivan (1101)
  • Battle of Ramleh (1101)
  • Battle of Joppa (1102)
  • Battle of Ramleh (1102)
  • Battle of Tripoli (1102)
  • Battle of Acre (1104)
  • Battle of Harran (1105)
  • Battle of Khabar (1107)
  • Battle of Menbij (1108)
  • Battle of Tripoli (1109)
  • Battle of Beirut (1110)
  • Battle of Sidon (1110)
  • Battle of Tyre (1110—1111)
  • Battle of Tel-Danish (1115)
  • Battle of Antioch (1119)
  • Battle of Ascalon (1123)
  • Battle of Tyre (1124)
  • Battle of Azaz (1125)
  • Battle of Anazarbus (1130)
  • Battle of Edessa (1144)
  • Battle of Edessa (1146)
  • Battle of Inab (1149)
  • Battle of Ascalon (1153)
  • Battle of Baniyas (1157)
  • Battle of Mallaha (1157)
  • Battle of Artah (1164)
  • Battle of Montgisard (1177)
  • Battle of Baniyas (1179)

Georgian-Seljuk Wars (1075—1202)

  • Battle of Ertsukhi (1104)
  • Battle of Didgori (1121)
  • Battle of Shamkhor (1195)

Christian Invasion of Portugal (1139—1217)

  • Battle of Ourique (1139)
  • Battle of Lisbon (1147)
  • Battle of Santarem (1147)
  • Battle of Alcacer do Sol (1158)

Great Seljuk Sultanate Wars (1141—1194)

  • Battle of Samarkand (1141)
  • Battle of Balkh (1153)
  • Battle of Shahr Rey (1194)

Second Western Crusade (1147—1152)

  • Battle of Dorylaeum (1147)
  • Battle of Damascus (1148)
  • Battle of Mopsuestia (1152)

Ghor-Ghazni Wars (1148—1151)

  • Battle of Ghazni (1148)
  • Battle of Ghazni (1151)

Crusader Invasion of Egypt (1167—1169)

  • Battle of Alexandria (1167)
  • Battle of El Ashmunien (1167)
  • Battle of Damietta (1169)

Hindu-Muslim Wars (1178-1194)

  • Battle of Gujurat (1178)
  • Battle of Taraori (1191)
  • Battle of Taraori (1192)
  • Battle of Chandwar (1194)

Third Western Crusade (1187—1192)

  • Battle of Cresson (1187)
  • Battle of Hattin (1187)
  • Battle of Jerusalem (1187)
  • Battle of Tyre (1187)
  • Battle of Acre (1189—1191)
  • Battle of Arsouf (1191)
  • Battle of Joppa (1192)

Fourth Western Crusade (1196—1204)

  • Battle of Sidon (1196)
  • Battle of Joppa (1198)

13th Century

13th Century (61 Battles)[39]

Christian Invasion of Spain (1063—1248)

  • Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (1212)
  • Battle of Cordova (1236)
  • Battle of Seville (1248)

Georgian-Seljuk Wars (1075—1202)

  • Battle of Basian (1202)

Christian Invasion of Portugal (1139—1217)

  • Battle of Alcacer do Sol (1217)

Fourth Western Crusade (1196—1204)

  • Battle of Constantinople (1203—1204)

Ghor-Khwarezm War (1205)

  • Battle of Andkhui (1205)

Ghengis Khan Invasions (1208—1223)

  • Battle of Jand (1218)
  • Battle of Kashgar (1218)
  • Battle of Otrar (1219—1220)
  • Battle of Bokhara (1220)
  • Battle of Hamadan (1220)
  • Battle of Kohjend (1220)
  • Battle of Samarkand (1220)
  • Battle of Bamien (1221)
  • Battle of Gurganj (1221)
  • Battle of Indus (1221)
  • Battle of Merv (1221)
  • Battle of Nishapur (1221)
  • Battle of Parwan (1221)
  • Battle of Durrah (1221)
  • Battle of Herat (1221—1222)
  • Battle of Kuban (1222)
  • Battle of Kalka (1223)

Dehli Sultanate Wars (1216—1326)

  • Battle of Taraori (1216)
  • Battle of Kaithal (1240)
  • Battle of Deogiri (1294)

Fifth Western Crusade (1218—1221)

  • Battle of Adiliya (1218)
  • Battle of Damietta (1218—1219)
  • Battle of Ashmoun Canal (1221)

Georgian-Khwarezmian War (1225—1227)

  • Battle of Garni (1225)
  • Battle of Tbilisi (1226)
  • Battle of Bolnisi (1227)

Crusader-Muslim Wars (1239—1344)

  • Battle of Gaza (1239)
  • Battle of Jerusalem (1244)
  • Battle of La Forbie (1244)
  • Battle of Ascalon (1247)
  • Battle of Sarvantikar (1266)
  • Battle of Antioch (1268)
  • Battle of Krak de Chevaliers (1271)
  • Battle of Marqab (1285)
  • Battle of Tripoli (1289)
  • Battle of Acre (1291)

Mongol Invasion of India (1241—1306)

  • Battle of Lahore (1241)
  • Battle of Jalandhar (1298)
  • Battle of Kili (1299)

Mongol Invasion of Asia Minor (1243)

  • Battle of Kose Dagh (1243)

Seventh Western Crusade (1249—1250)

  • Battle of Ashmoun Canal (1249)
  • Battle of Damietta (1249)
  • Battle of Fariskur (1250)
  • Battle of Mansura (1250)

Mongol Invasion of Islamic Caliphate (1256—1299)

  • Battle of Alamut (1256)
  • Battle of Anbar (1258)
  • Battle of Baghdad (1258)
  • Battle of Ayn Jalut (1260)
  • Battle of Aleppo (1260)
  • Battle of Homs (1281—1299)

Mongol Dynastic Wars (1262—1301)

  • Battle of Kuba (1262)
  • Battle of Terek (1263)

Eighth Western Crusade (1270)

  • Battle of the Carthage (1270)

Mamluk-Nubian War (1272—1275)

  • Mamluk-Nubian War (1272—1275)

14th Century

14th Century (54 Battles)[40]

Dehli Sultanate Wars (1216—1326)

  • Battle of Deogiri (1307)
  • Battle of Warangal (1309—1310)
  • Battle of Deogiri (1318)
  • Battle of Warangal (1322—1323)
  • Battle of Godaveri (1326)

Crusader-Muslim Wars (1239—1344)

  • Battle of Rhodes (1310)
  • Battle of Smyrna (1344)

Mongol Invasion of India (1241—1306)

  • Battle of Amroha (1305)
  • Battle of Ravi (1306)

Mongol Dynastic Wars (1262—1301)

  • Battle of Karakorum (1301)

Byzantine-Ottoman Wars (1301—1453)

  • Battle of Baphaeum (1301)
  • Battle of Brusa (1317—1326)
  • Battle of Pelacanon (1328)
  • Battle of Nicomedia (1331—1337)
  • Battle of Didymoteichon (1352)
  • Battle of Gallipoli (1354)
  • Battle of Adrianople (1362)
  • Battle of Gallipoli (1366)
  • Battle of Dardanelles (1399)

Christian Invasion of Spain (1309—1452)

  • Battle of Algeciras (1309)
  • Battle of Almeria (1309)
  • Battle of Genil (1319)
  • Battle of Vega (1319)
  • Battle of Alcala (1340)
  • Battle of Algeciras (1340)
  • Battle of Rio Salado (1340)
  • Battle of Algeciras (1343—1344)

Russian-Mongol Wars (1362—1382)

  • Battle of Syni Vody (1362)
  • Battle of Vozha (1378)
  • Battle of Kulikovo (1380)
  • Battle of Moscow (1382)

Ottoman-Balkan Wars (1363—1396)

  • Battle of Mariza (1363)
  • Battle of Vidin (1366)
  • Battle of Maritza (1371)
  • Battle of Samokov (1371)
  • Battle of Savra (1385)
  • Battle of Plotchnik (1387)
  • Battle of Kosovo (1389)
  • Battle of Rovine (1395)
  • Battle of Nicopolis (1396)

Cypriot-Egyptian Crusade (1365)

  • Battle of Akexandria (1365)

Timurian Conquests (1365—1402)

  • Battle of Tashkent (1365)
  • Battle of Balkh (1370)
  • Battle of Herat (1383)
  • Battle of Tbilisi (1386—1387)
  • Battle of Isfahan (1386—1387)
  • Battle of Syr Darya (1389)
  • Battle of Kunduzcha (1391)
  • Battle of Shiraz (1393)
  • Battle of Terek (1395)
  • Battle of Delhi (1398)
  • Battle of Multan (1398)
  • Battle of Meerut (1399)
  • Battle of Vorskla (1399)

15th Century

15th Century (76 Battles)[41]

Byzantine-Ottoman Wars (1301—1453)

  • Battle of Constantinople (1422)
  • Battle of Constantinople (1453)

Christian Invasion of Spain (1309—1452)

  • Battle of Higueruela (1431)
  • Battle of Alporchones (1452)

Timurian Conquests (1365—1402)

  • Battle of Aleppo (1400)
  • Battle of Baghdad (1400)
  • Battle of Damascus (1401)
  • Battle of Ankara (1402)
  • Battle of Smyrna (1402)

Georgian-Wara Qoyunlu War (1412)

  • Battle of Chalaghan (1412)

Ottoman Civil War (1413—1481)

  • Battle of Chamorlu (1413)
  • Battle of Yenisehir (1481)

Portuguese Invasion of Africa (1415-1471)

  • Battle of Ceuta (1415)
  • Battle of Tangier (1437)
  • Battle of Arsilah (1471)

Venitian-Ottoman Wars (1416—1499)

  • Battle of Gallipoli (1416)
  • Battle of Salonika (1430)
  • Battle of Mytilene (1462)
  • Battle of Kruje (1466—1467)
  • Battle of Negroponte (1470)
  • Battle of Scutari (1474)
  • Battle of Kruje (1478)
  • Battle of Scutari (1478—1479)
  • Battle of Lepanto (1499)

Ottoman-Hungarian Wars (1439—1526)

  • Battle of Semendria (1439)
  • Battle of Belgrade (1440)
  • Battle of Sava River (1441)
  • Battle of Hermannstadt (1442)
  • Battle of Vasaq (1442)
  • Battle of Varna (1444)
  • Battle of Ialomitsa (1446)
  • Battle of Kosovo (1448)
  • Battle of Krusevac (1454)
  • Battle of Novo Brdo (1455)
  • Battle of Belgrade (1456)
  • Battle of Jajce (1464)
  • Battle of Shabatz (1476)
  • Battle of Villach (1492)

Ottoman-Hungarian Long War (1443—1444)

  • Battle of Melshtitsa (1443)
  • Battle of Nish (1443)
  • Battle of Zlatitsa (1443)
  • Battle of Kunovica (1444)

Albanian-Ottoman Wars (1444—1457)

  • Battle of Domosdova (1444)
  • Battle of Dibra (1448)
  • Battle of Kruje (1448)
  • Battle of Svetigrad (1448)
  • Battle of Kruje (1450)
  • Battle of Berat (1455)
  • Battle of Oranik (1456)
  • Battle of Albulen (1457)

Russian-Mongol Wars (1445—1480)

  • Battle of Suzdal (1445)
  • Battle of Aleksin (1472)
  • Battle of Ugra (1480)

Ottoman-Turkomen Wars (1472—1473)

  • Battle of Terjan (1472)
  • Battle of Erzincan (1473)

Genoese-Ottoman War (1475)

  • Battle of Kaffa (1475)

Moldavian-Ottoman War (1475—1476)

  • Battle of Rakhova (1475)
  • Battle of Valea Alba (1476)

Transylvanian-Ottoman Wars (1479)

  • Battle of Kenyemezo (1479)

Ottoman-Expansion Wars (1480—1565)

  • Battle of Otranto (1480)
  • Battle of Rhodes (1480)
  • Battle of Cosmin (1497)

Christian Invasion of Spain (1481—1492)

  • Battle of Zahara (1481)
  • Battle of Alhama (1482)
  • Battle of Loja (1482)
  • Battle of Axarquia (1483)
  • Battle of Lucena (1483)
  • Battle of Malaga (1487)
  • Battle of Almeria (1489)
  • Battle of Baza (1489)
  • Battle of Granada (1491—1492)

Polish-Crimean Tatar Wars (1482—1506)

  • Battle of Kiev (1482)
  • Battle of Kleck (1506)

Russian-Volga Tatar Wars (1487—1569)

  • Battle of Kazan (1487)

Iranian-Turkoman Wars (1488—1503)

  • Battle of Dartanat (1488)

Mughal-Uzbek Wars (1497—1512)

  • Battle of Samarkand (1497—1498)

16th Century

16th Century (117 Battles)[42]

Ottoman-Hungarian Wars (1439—1526)

  • Battle of Belgrade (1521)
  • Battle of Shabatz (1521)
  • Battle of Mohacs (1526)
  • Battle of Peterwardein (1526)

Ottoman-Expansion Wars (1480—1565)

  • Battle of Rhodes (1522)
  • Battle of Tunis (1533)
  • Battle of Tripoli (1551)
  • Battle of Malta (1565)

Polish-Crimean Tatar Wars (1482—1506)

  • Battle of Kleck (1506)

Russian-Volga Tatar Wars (1487—1569)

  • Battle of Kazan (1552)
  • Battle of Astrakhan (1554)
  • Battle of Astrakhan (1569)

Iranian-Turkoman Wars (1488—1503)

  • Battle of Jabani (1500)
  • Battle of Sharur (1501)
  • Battle of Hamadan (1503)

Mughal-Uzbek Wars (1497—1512)

  • Battle of Sar-i-pul (1501)
  • Battle of Akhsikath (1503)
  • Battle of Herat (1507)
  • Battle of Maruchak (1507)
  • Battle of Kandahar (1508)
  • Battle of Pul-i-Sanghin (1511)
  • Battle of Ghujduwan (1512)
  • Battle of Kul-i-Malik (1512)

Mughal Dynastic War (1504—1522)

  • Battle of Kabul (1504)
  • Battle of Khandahar (1520—1522)

Portuguese Invasion of Arabia (1507—1521)

  • Battle of Muscat (1507)
  • Battle of Hormuz (1507—1508)
  • Battle of Aden (1513)
  • Battle of Hormuz (1515)
  • Battle of Bahrain (1521)

Iranian-Uzbek Wars (1510—1528)

  • Battle of Merv (1510)
  • Battle of Damghan (1528)
  • Battle of Herat (1528)
  • Battle of Torbat-i-Jam (1528)

Ottoman-Iranian Wars (1511—1515)

  • Battle of Kayseri (1511)
  • Battle of Chaldiran (1514)
  • Battle of Turna Dag (1515)

Ottoman-Mamluk War (1516—1517)

  • Battle of Marj-Dabik (1516)
  • Battle of Yaunish Khan (1516)
  • Battle of Ridanieh (1517)

Mughal Conquest of India (1526—1612)

  • Battle of Panipat (1526)
  • Battle of Khanua (1527)
  • Battle of Gogra (1529)
  • Battle of Chitor (1534—1535)
  • Battle of Champaner (1535)
  • Battle of Mandu (1535)
  • Battle of Chausa (1539)
  • Battle of Kanauj (1540)
  • Battle of Sirhind (1555)
  • Battle of Delhi (1556)
  • Battle of Panipat (1556)
  • Battle of Chitor (1567—1568)
  • Battle of Ahmadabad (2683)
  • Battle of Sarnal (1572)
  • Battle of Tukaroi (1575)
  • Battle of Haldighat (1576)
  • Battle of Rajmahal (1576)
  • Battle of Malandarai Pass (1586)

Ottoman-Habsburg Wars (1527—1605)

  • Battle of Tokay (1527)
  • Battle of Buda (1529)
  • Battle of Vienna (1529)
  • Battle of Guns (1532)
  • Battle of Tunis (1535)
  • Battle of Valpovo (1537)
  • Battle of Buda (1540)
  • Battle of Algiers (1541)
  • Battle of Buda (1541)
  • Battle of Nice (1543)
  • Battle of Mahdiyya (1550)
  • Battle of Eger (1552)
  • Battle of Temesvar (1552)
  • Battle of Djerba (1560)
  • Battle of Hadad (1562)
  • Battle of Gyula (1566)
  • Battle of Szigetvar (1566)
  • Battle of Lepanto (1571)
  • Battle of Sissek (1593)
  • Battle of Veszprem (1593)
  • Battle of Komarom (1594)
  • Battle of Esztergom (1595)
  • Battle of Keresztes (1596)

Ottoman-Baghdad Wars (1534)

  • Battle of Baghdad (1534)

Venitian-Ottoman Wars (1537—1539)

  • Battle of Corfu (1537)
  • Battle of Preveza (1538)
  • Battle of Castelnuovo (1538—1539)

Mughal Wars of Succession (1546—1581)

  • Battle of Kabul (1546—1549)
  • Battle of Machiwara (1560)
  • Battle of Khurd-Kabul (1581)

Georgian-Iranian Wars (1556—1569)

  • Battle of Garisi (1556)
  • Battle of Dighomi (1567)
  • Battle of Samadlo (1569)
  • Battle of Partskhisi (1569)

Safavid-Mughal Wars (1558—1653)

  • Battle of Kandahar (1558)

Venetian-Ottoman Wars (1570—1571)

  • Battle of Nicosia (1570)
  • Battle of Famagusta (1570—1571)

Russian-Tatar Wars (1571—1572)

  • Battle of Moscow (1571)
  • Battle of Molodi (1572)

Moldavian Rebellion (1574)

  • Battle of Jiliste (1574)
  • Battle of Kagul Lagoon (1574)

Balkan National Wars (1575—1611)

  • Battle of Sinpaul (1575)
  • Battle of Selimbar (1599)

Portuguese-Moroccan War (1578)

  • Battle of Alcazarquivir (1578)

Ottoman-Safavid Wars (1583—1638)

  • Battle of Vilasa (1583)
  • Battle of Khoi (1584)
  • Battle of Tabriz (1585)
  • Battle of Baghdad (1587)
  • Battle of Gandzha (1588)

Mughal-Uzbek Wars (1588—1646)

  • Battle of Herat (1588—1589)
  • Battle of Balkh (1646)

Moroccan-Songhai Wars (1591)

  • Battle of Tondibi (1591)

Wallachian-Ottoman War (1595)

  • Battle of Calugareni (1595)
  • Battle of Guirgiu (1595)
  • Battle of Tirgovist (1595)

Georgian-Ottoman War (1599)

  • Battle of Nakhiduri (1599)

Mughal-Ahmadnagar Wars (1596—1633)

  • Battle of Ahmadnagar (1596)
  • Battle of Supa (1596)

Iranian Reconquest of Kharasan (1598)

  • Battle of Rabat-i-Pariyan (1598)

17th Century

17th Century (122 Battles)[43]

Mughal Conquest of India (1526—1612)

  • Battle of Nekujyal (1612)

Ottoman-Habsburg Wars (1527—1605)

  • Battle of Esztergom (1605)

Safavid-Mughal Wars (1558—1653)

  • Battle of Kandahar (1622)
  • Battle of Kandahar (1637)
  • Battle of Kandahar (1649)
  • Battle of Kandahar (1652)
  • Battle of Kandahar (1653)

Balkan National Wars (1575—1611)

  • Battle of Bucov (1600)
  • Battle of Khotin (1600)
  • Battle of Mirischlau (1600)
  • Battle of Goraslau (1601)
  • Battle of Brasov (1603)
  • Battle of San Petru (1611)

Ottoman-Safavid Wars (1583—1638)

  • Battle of Vilasa (1583)
  • Battle of Khoi (1584)
  • Battle of Tabriz (1585)
  • Battle of Baghdad (1587)
  • Battle of Gandzha (1588)
  • Battle of Tabriz (1603)
  • Battle of Sufiyan (1605)
  • Battle of Erivan (1616—1618)
  • Battle of Baghdad (1625—1626)
  • Battle of Hamadan (1630)
  • Battle of Erivan (1635—1636)
  • Battle of Baghdad (1638)

Mughal-Ahmadnagar Wars (1596—1633)

  • Battle of Ahmadnagar (1600)
  • Battle of Asirgarh (1600—1601)
  • Battle of Roshangoan (1616)
  • Battle of Bhatavadi (1624)
  • Battle of Kalinjar (1631)
  • Battle of Sirongj (1631)
  • Battle of Daulatabad (1633)

Georgian-Iranian Wars (1625—1660)

  • Battle of Martkopi (1625)
  • Battle of Marabda (1625)
  • Battle of the Bakhtrioni Rebllion (1660)

Second Portuguese War in Arabia (1602—1650)

  • Battle of Bahrain (1602)
  • Battle of Muscat (1650)

Polish-Ottoman Wars (1620—1621)

  • Battle of Cecora (1620)
  • Battle of Jassy (1620)
  • Battle of Khotin (1621)

First Mughal-Sikh War (1621—163?)

  • Battle of Rohilla (1621)
  • Battle of Amritsar (1634)
  • Battle of Kartarpur (163?)

Anatolian Rebellion (1624)

  • Battle of Kayseri (1624)

Polish-Tatar Wars (1624—1644)

  • Battle of Martynow (1624)
  • Battle of Kamieniec (1633)
  • Battle of Sasowy Rog (1633)
  • Battle of Okhmatov (1644)

Ottoman-Druze War (1625)

  • Battle of Anjar (1625)

Transylvanian-Ottoman Wars (1636)

  • Battle of Salonta (1636)

Venitian-Ottoman Wars (1645—1695)

  • Battle of Khania (1645)
  • Battle of Candia (1648-1669)
  • Battle of Dardanelles (1654)
  • Battle of Dardanelles (1656)
  • Battle of Dardanelles (1657)
  • Battle of Castelnuovo (1687)
  • Battle of Monemvasia (1689—1690)
  • Battle of Cattaro (1690)
  • Battle of Khania (1692)
  • Battle of Chios (1694)
  • Battle of Spalmadori (1695)

Mughal Princely Wars (1658—1659)

  • Battle of Bahadurpur (1658)
  • Battle of Dharmat (1658)
  • Battle of Samugargh (1658)
  • Battle of Deorai (1659)
  • Battle of Khajwa (1659)
  • Battle of Maldah (1659)

Transylvanian Revolt (1658—1662)

  • Battle of Lippa (1658)
  • Battle of Gilau (1660)
  • Battle of Nagyvarad (1660)
  • Battle of Nagyszollos (1662)

Wallachian-Ottoman War (1659)

  • Battle of Fratesci (1659)

Mughal-Maratha Wars (1660—1706)

  • Battle of Chakan (1660)
  • Battle of Poona (1663)
  • Battle of Surat (1664)
  • Battle of Purandar (1665)
  • Battle of Dindori (1670)
  • Battle of Sinhgarh (1670)
  • Battle of Surat (1670)
  • Battle of Salher (1671—1672)
  • Battle of Bhulpalgarh (1690)
  • Battle of Bijapir (1690)
  • Battle of Kanchi (1692)
  • Battle of Chitaldrug (1695)
  • Battle of Aiwagudi (1696)
  • Battle of Basawapatna (1696)
  • Battle of Satara (1699—1700)

Austro-Ottoman Wars (1663—1697)

  • Battle of Neuhausel (1663)
  • Battle of St. Gotthard (1664)
  • Battle of Esztergom (1683)
  • Battle of Parkany (1683)
  • Battle of Vienna (1683)
  • Battle of Nehausel (1685)
  • Battle of Buda (1686)
  • Battle of Mohacs (1687)
  • Battle of Belgrade (1688)
  • Battle of Nish (1689)
  • Battle of Belgrade (1690)
  • Battle of Nish (1690)
  • Battle of Zernyest (1690)
  • Battle of Slankamen (1691)
  • Battle of Lugos (1695)
  • Battle of Zenta (1697)

Ottoman Conquest of Ukraine (1672—1678)

  • Battle of Kamieniec (1672)
  • Battle of Khotin (1673)
  • Battle of Trembowla (1675)
  • Battle of Zloczow (1675)
  • Battle of Soczawa (1676)
  • Battle of Zurawno (1676)
  • Battle of Chigirin (1677)
  • Battle of Chigirin (1678)

Mughal-Deccan War (1676—1687)

  • Battle of Indi (1676)
  • Battle of Bijapur (1679)
  • Battle of Bijapur (1685—1686)
  • Battle of Golconda (1687)

Mughal-Berad Wars (1680—1705)

  • Battle of Sagar (1680)

Franco-Barbary Wars (1682—1688)

  • Battle of Algiers (1682—1683)
  • Battle of Algiers (1688)

Second Mughal-Sikh Wars (1688—1715)

  • Battle of Bhangani (1688)
  • Battle of Nadaun (1691)
  • Battle of Guler (1696)

Russian Invasion of Crimea (1695—1696)

  • Battle of Azov (1695-1696)

18th Century

18th Century (202 Battles)[44]

Mughal-Maratha Wars (1660—1706)

  • Battle of Panhala (1701)
  • Battle of Khelna (1701—1702)
  • Battle of Raigarh (1703—1704)
  • Battle of Torna (1704)
  • Battle of Ratanpur (1706)

Mughal-Berad Wars (1680—1705)

  • Battle of Wagingera (1705)

Second Mughal-Sikh Wars (1688—1715)

  • Battle of Anandpur (1700)
  • Battle of Anandpur (1701)
  • Battle of Basoli (1702)
  • Battle of Nirmohgarh (1702)
  • Battle of Anandpur (1704)
  • Battle of Chamkaur (1704)
  • Battle of Sarsa (1704)
  • Battle of Muktsar (1705)
  • Battle of Samana (1709)
  • Battle of Jalalabad (1710)
  • Battle of Lohgarh (1710)
  • Battle of Rahon (1710)
  • Battle of Sirhind (1710)
  • Battle of Jammu (1712)
  • Battle of Gurdas Nangal (1715)

Spanish-Algerian Wars (1704—1783)

  • Battle of Oran (1704—1708)
  • Battle of Pram (1732)
  • Battle of Algiers (1775)
  • Battle of Oran (1780—1791)
  • Battle of Algiers (1783)

Mughal Wars of Succession (1707—1747)

  • Battle of Jajau (1707)
  • Battle of Hyderabad (1709)
  • Battle of Lahore (1712)
  • Battle of Agra (1713)
  • Battle of Hasanpur (1720)
  • Battle of Gheria (1740)
  • Battle of Daulatabad (1741)
  • Battle of Rajmahal (1747)

Russian Invasion of Moldovia (1711)

  • Battle of Stanilesti

Iranian-Afghan Wars (1711—1755)

  • Battle of Kandahar (1711)
  • Battle of Kandahar (1714)
  • Battle of Farah (1719)
  • Battle of Herat (1719)
  • Battle of Kerman (1721)
  • Battle of Gulnabad (1722)
  • Battle of Isfahan (1722)
  • Battle of Kerman (1722)
  • Battle of Meshed (1726)
  • Battle of Herat (1729)
  • Battle of Mehmandost (1729)
  • Battle of Murchakhar (1729)
  • Battle of Zarghan (1730)
  • Battle of Herat (1731—1732)
  • Battle of Kandahar (1737—1738)
  • Battle of Kabul (1738)
  • Battle of Herat (1750)
  • Battle of Nishapur (1750—1751)
  • Battle of Torbat-i-Jam (1751)
  • Battle of Meshed (1754)
  • Battle of Sabzavar (1755)

Ottoman Conquest of Montenegro (1712—1768)

  • Battle of Podgoritza (1712)
  • Battle of Cevo (1768)

Austro-Ottoman War (1716—1717)

  • Battle of Peterwardein (1716)
  • Battle of Temesvar (1716)
  • Battle of Belgrade (1717)

Mughal-Hyderabad War (1720—1724)

  • Battle of Balapur (1720)
  • Battle of Ratanpur (1720)
  • Battle of Shakarkhelda (1724)

Spanish-Moroccan War (1720—1775)

  • Battle of Ceuta (1720—1721)
  • Battle of Melilla (1774—1775)

Russo-Iranian War (1723)

  • Battle of Baku (1723)

Dahomey Wars (1724—1727)

  • Battle of Dahomey (1724—1727)

First Ottoman-Iranian War (1724—1731)

  • Battle of Erivan (1724)
  • Battle of Tabriz (1724—1725)
  • Battle of Kiemereh (1726)
  • Battle of Erivan (1731)
  • Battle of Hamadan (1731)

Franco-Barbary Wars (1728)

  • Battle of Tripoli (1728)

Mughal-Maratha Wars (1728—1763)

  • Battle of Amjhera (1728)
  • Battle of Palkhed (1728)
  • Battle of Jaitpur (1729)
  • Battle of Delhi (1737)
  • Battle of Bhopal (1737—1738)
  • Battle of Damalcherry Pass (1740)
  • Battle of Trichinpoly (1740—1741)
  • Battle of Katwa (1742)
  • Battle of Trichinpoly (1743)
  • Battle of Katwa (1742)
  • Battle of Burdwan (1747)
  • Battle of Malthan (1751)
  • Battle of Sindkhed (1757)
  • Battle of Mangrol (1761)
  • Battle of Rakshasbhuvan (1763)

Second Ottoman-Iranian War (1733—1745)

  • Battle of Baghdad (1733)
  • Battle of Karkuk (1733)
  • Battle of Leilan (1733)
  • Battle of Baghavard (1735)
  • Battle of Basra (1743)
  • Battle of Mosul (1743)
  • Battle of Baghavard (1745)

Austro-Russian-Ottoman War (1736—1739)

  • Battle of Azov (1736)
  • Battle of Perekop (1736)
  • Battle of Banyaluka (1737)
  • Battle of Nish (1737)
  • Battle of Ochakov (1737)
  • Battle of Valjevo (1737)
  • Battle of Bender (1738)
  • Battle of Orsova (1738)
  • Battle of Belgrade (1739)
  • Battle of Kroszka (1739)
  • Battle of Stavuchany (1739)

Iranian Conquest of India (1738—1739)

  • Battle of Jamrud (1738)
  • Battle of Karnal (1739)

Iranian-Uzbek Wars (1740)

  • Battle of Charjui (1740)
  • Battle of Khiva (1740)

Ahmad Shah Wars in India (1748—1763)

  • Battle of Manupur (1748)
  • Battle of Lahore (1752)
  • Battle of Delhi (1757)
  • Battle of Gohalwar (1757)
  • Battle of Lahore (1759)
  • Battle of Barari Ghat (1760)
  • Battle of Kunjpura (1760)
  • Battle of Sikandarabad (1760)
  • Battle of Panipat (1761)
  • Battle of Gujranwala (1761)
  • Battle of Sialkot (1761)
  • Battle of Kup (1762)
  • Battle of Sialkot (1763)

Iranian Wars of Succession (1751—1781)

  • Battle of Chahar Mahall (1751)
  • Battle of Asterabad (1752)
  • Battle of Kermanshah (1752—1753)
  • Battle of Qomsheh (1753)
  • Battle of Kamarej (1754)
  • Battle of Kazzaz (1756)
  • Battle of Lahijan (1757)
  • Battle of Urmiya (1757)
  • Battle of Shiraz (1758)
  • Battle of Ashraf (1759)
  • Battle of Maragheh (1760)
  • Battle of Qara Chaman (1762)
  • Battle of Urmiya (1762—1763)
  • Battle of Shiraz (1780—1781)

Georgian-Ottoman War (1757)

  • Battle of Khresili (1757)

Baluchi Rebellion (1758)

  • Battle of Mastung (1758)

Mamluk Wars (1768—1775)

  • Battle of Tanta (1768)
  • Battle of Cairo (1772)
  • Battle of Salihiyya (1773)
  • Battle of Jaffa (1775)

Russo-Ottoman War (1769—1774)

  • Battle of Dniester (1769)
  • Battle of Khotin (1769)
  • Battle of Aspindza (1770)
  • Battle of Bender (1770)
  • Battle of Chesme (1770)
  • Battle of Chios (1770)
  • Battle of Kagul (1770)
  • Battle of Larga (1770)
  • Battle of Lemnos (1770)
  • Battle of Nauplia (1770)
  • Battle of Pruth (1770)
  • Battle of Ryabaya Mogila (1770)
  • Battle of Bucharest (1771)
  • Battle of Perekop (1771)
  • Battle of Hirsov (1773)
  • Battle of Silistria (1773)
  • Battle of Turtukai (1773)
  • Battle of Kozludzha (1774)
  • Battle of Kurchukai (1774)
  • Battle of Turtukai (1774)

Mamluk-Ottoman War (1771—1786)

  • Battle of Damascus (1771)
  • Battle of Jaffa (1772—1773)
  • Battle of Rahmaniyya (1786)

Third Ottoman-Iranian War (1775—1776)

  • Battle of Basra (1775—1776)

Russo-Ottoman War (1787—1791)

  • Battle of Kinburn (1787)
  • Battle of Khotin (1788)
  • Battle of Liman (1788)
  • Battle of Ochakov (1788)
  • Battle of Orsova (1788)
  • Battle of Thedonisi Island (1788)
  • Battle of Belgrade (1789)
  • Battle of Focsani (1789)
  • Battle of Rimnik (1789)
  • Battle of Ismail (1790)
  • Battle of Tendra (1790)
  • Battle of Yenikale Strait (1790)
  • Battle of Babadag (1791)
  • Battle of Cape Kaliakra (1791)
  • Battle of Matchin (1791)

Second Iranian War of Succession (1794)

  • Battle of Kerman (1794)

Iranian-Georgian War (1795)

  • Battle of Shusha (1795)
  • Battle of Tiflis (1795)

Afghan Wars of Succession (1795—1834)

  • Battle of Girishk (1795)

French Revolutionary War (1798—1801)

  • Battle of Alexandria (1798)
  • Battle of Malta (1798)
  • Battle of Nile (1798)
  • Battle of Pyramids (1798)
  • Battle of Sediman (1798)
  • Battle of Shubra Khit (1798)
  • Battle of Aboukir (1799)
  • Battle of Acre (1799)
  • Battle of Aswan (1799)
  • Battle of Cape Carmel (1799)
  • Battle of El Arish (1799)
  • Battle of Jaffa (1799)
  • Battle of Mount Tabor (1799)
  • Battle of Er Ridisiya (1799)
  • Battle of Samhud (1799)

19th Century

19th Century (249 Battles)[45]

Afghan Wars of Succession (1795—1834)

  • Battle of Kabul (1800)
  • Battle of Nimla (1809)
  • Battle of Kabul (1818)
  • Battle of Kandahar (1834)

French Revolutionary War (1798—1801)

  • Battle of Heliopolis (1800)
  • Battle of Aboukir (1801)
  • Battle of Alexandria (1801)
  • Battle of Cario (1801)
  • Battle of Mandora (1801)

Tripolitan War (1803—1805)

  • Battle of Tripoli (1803)
  • Battle of Tripoli (1804)
  • Battle of Derna (1805)

Russo-Iranian War (1804—1827)

  • Battle of Echmiadzin (1804)
  • Battle of Akhalkalaki (1810)
  • Battle of Aslanduz (1812)
  • Battle of Lenkoran (1813)
  • Battle of Shamkhor (1826)
  • Battle of Shusa (1826)
  • Battle of Yerlizavetpol (1826)
  • Battle of Abbasabad (1827)
  • Battle of Echmiadzin (1827)
  • Battle of Erivan (1827)

First Serbian Uprising (1805—1810)

  • Battle of Ivanovatz (1805)
  • Battle of Misar (1806)
  • Battle of Belgrade (1807)
  • Battle of Nish (1809)
  • Battle of Loznitza (1810)
  • Battle of Varvarin (1810)

Russo-Ottoman War (1807)

  • Battle of Lemnos (1809)
  • Battle of Silistria (1810)
  • Battle of Batin (1810)
  • Battle of Silistria (1810)
  • Battle of Loftche (1810—1811)
  • Battle of Ruschuk (1811)

Russo-Ottoman War (1828—1829)

  • Battle of Akhaltsikhe (1828)
  • Battle of Kars (1828)
  • Battle of Varna (1828)
  • Battle of Adrianople (1829)
  • Battle of Kulevcha (1829)
  • Battle of Sliven (1829)

Anglo-Arab War (1809—1839)

  • Battle of Ras al-Khaimah (1809)
  • Battle of Ras al-Khaimah (1819)
  • Battle of Sur (1820)
  • Battle of Balad Bani Bu Ali (1821)
  • Battle of Aden (1839)

Ottoman-Wahabi War (1812—1813)

  • Battle of Hejaz (1812—1813)

Afghan-Sikh War (1813—1837)

  • Battle of Attock (1813)
  • Battle of Multan (1818)
  • Battle of Shupiyan (1819)
  • Battle of Nowshera (1823)
  • Battle of Peshawar (1834)
  • Battle of Jamrud (1837)

Algerine War (1815)

  • Battle of Cabo de Gata (1815)

Corsair War (1816-1824)

  • Battle of Algiers (1816)
  • Battle of Algiers (1824)

Iranian-Afghan War (1818—1863)

  • Battle of Kafir Qala (1818)
  • Battle of Herat (1837—1838)
  • Battle of Herat (1856)
  • Battle of Herat (1863)

Ottoman-Iranian Azerbaijan War (1821—1822)

  • Battle of Erzurum (1821)
  • Battle of Khoi (1822)

Greek War of Independence (1821—1827)

  • Battle of Dragasani (1821)
  • Battle of Eressos (1821)
  • Battle of Galaxidi (1821)
  • Battle of Monemvasia (1821)
  • Battle of Navarino (1821)
  • Battle of Sekou (1821)
  • Battle of Thermopylae (1821)
  • Battle of Tripolitza (1821)
  • Battle of Valtesti (1821)
  • Battle of Vasilika (1821)
  • Battle of Vrachori (1821)
  • Battle of Acropolis (1821—1822)
  • Battle of Nauplia (1821—1822)
  • Battle of Chios (1822)
  • Battle of Devernaki (1822)
  • Battle of Peta (1822)
  • Battle of Stura (1822)
  • Battle of Missolonghi (1822—1823)
  • Battle of Anatoliko (1823)
  • Battle of Karpenision (1823)
  • Battle of Bodrum (1824)
  • Battle of Kasos (1824)
  • Battle of Psara (1824)
  • Battle of Samos (1824)
  • Battle of Krommydi (1825)
  • Battle of Lerna (1825)
  • Battle of Maniaki (1825)
  • Battle of Navarino (1825)
  • Battle of Sphakteria (1825)
  • Battle of Trikorpha (1825)
  • Battle of Missolonghi (1825—1826)
  • Battle of Arachova (1826)
  • Battle of Chairari (1826)
  • Battle of Klissova (1826)
  • Battle of Acropolis (1826—1827)
  • Battle of Analatos (1827)
  • Battle of Distomo (1827)
  • Battle of Navarino (1827)

French Invasion of Algeria (1830—1844)

  • Battle of Algiers (1835)
  • Battle of Macta (1835)
  • Battle of Mascara (1830)
  • Battle of Constantine (1836—1837)
  • Battle of Smala (1843)
  • Battle of Isly (1844)

First Turko-Egyptian War (1831—1832)

  • Battle of Acre (1831—1832)
  • Battle of Belen (1832)
  • Battle of Homs (1832)
  • Battle of Konya (1832)

Russian Invasion of Caucus (1831—1859)

  • Battle of Aghdash (1831)
  • Battle of Awkh (1831)
  • Battle of Gimrah (1832)
  • Battle of Akhulgo (1839)
  • Battle of Burtinah (1839)
  • Battle of Darghiyya (1842)
  • Battle of Darghiyya (1845)
  • Battle of Girgil (1847)
  • Battle of Saltah (1847)
  • Battle of Zakataly (1853)
  • Battle of Gunib (1859)

Second Turko-Egyptian War (1839—1840)

  • Battle of Nezib (1839)
  • Battle of Acre (1840)
  • Battle of Beirut (1840)

First British-Afghan War (1839—1842)

  • Battle of Ali Masjid (1839)
  • Battle of Ghazi (1839)
  • Battle of Kalat (1839)
  • Battle of Bamian (1840)
  • Battle of Kahan (1840)
  • Battle of Parwan Durrah (1840)
  • Battle of Bemaru (1841)
  • Battle of Charikar (1841)
  • Battle of Tezin (1841)
  • Battle of Jalalabad (1841—1842)
  • Battle of Kabul (1841—1842)
  • Battle of Kandahar (1841—1842)
  • Battle of Ali Masjid (1842)
  • Battle of Babi Wali Kotal (1842)
  • Battle of Ghoaine (1842)
  • Battle of Haikalzai (1842)
  • Battle of Jagdalak (1842)
  • Battle of Maidan (1842)
  • Battle of Terzin (1842)

Ottoman-Montenegran War (1853—1862)

  • Battle of Ostrog (1853)
  • Battle of Grahovo (1858)
  • Battle of Piva (1861)
  • Battle of Rijeka (1862)

Anglo-Iranian War (1856—1857)

  • Battle of Bushire (1856)
  • Battle of Reshire (1856)
  • Battle of Khoosh-Ab (1857)
  • Battle of Mohammerah (1857)

Spannish-Moroccan War (1860—1860)

  • Battle of Castillejos (1860)
  • Battle of Guad-el Ras (1860)
  • Battle of Tetuan (1860)

Serbo-Ottoman War (1862—1862)

  • Battle of Belgrade (1862)

Afghan Wars of Succession (1865—1870)

  • Battle of Khubjaz (1865)
  • Battle of Kabuk (1866)
  • Battle of Sheikabad (1866)
  • Battle of Khubjaz (1867)
  • Battle of Kila Alladad (1867)
  • Battle of Zurmat (1869)
  • Battle of Herat (1870)

Russian Invasion of Central Asia (1865—1881)

  • Battle of Tashkent (1865)
  • Battle of Bokhara (1868)
  • Battle of Khiva (1873)
  • Battle of Khokand (1875)
  • Battle of Andizhan (1876)
  • Battle of Geok Tepe (1879)
  • Battle of Geok Tepe (1881)

Egypt War of Expansion (1872—1872)

  • Battle of Masindi (1872)

Egyptian-Ethiopian War (1875—1876)

  • Battle of Aussa (1875)
  • Battle of Gundet (1875)
  • Battle of Gura (1876)

Serbo-Ottoman War (1876—1876)

  • Battle of Alexinatz (1876)
  • Battle of Djunis (1876)
  • Battle of Vucji Do (1876)

Russo-Ottoman War (1877—1878)

  • Battle of Aladja Dagh (1877)
  • Battle of Ardahan (1877)
  • Battle of Gorni-Dubnik (1877)
  • Battle of Kars (1877)
  • Battle of Kizil-Tepe (1877)
  • Battle of Loftche (1877)
  • Battle of Mount St. Nicholas (1877)
  • Battle of Nicolpolis (1877)
  • Battle of Orchanie (1877)
  • Battle of Pelischat (1877)
  • Battle of Plevna (1877)
  • Battle of Shipka Pass (1877)
  • Battle of Stara Zagora (1877)
  • Battle of Svistov (1877)
  • Battle of Tahir (1877)
  • Battle of Yahni Zivin (1877)
  • Battle of Erzurum (1877—1878)
  • Battle of Poldiv (1878)
  • Battle of Senova (1878)
  • Battle of Tashkessan (1878)

Austro-Ottoman Bosnian War (1878—1878)

  • Battle of Sarajevo (1878)

Second British Afghan War (1878—1880)

  • Battle of Ali Masjid (1878)
  • Battle of Peiwar Kotal (1878)
  • Battle of Charasia (1879)
  • Battle of Fatehabad (1879)
  • Battle of Kabul (1879)
  • Battle of Sherpur (1879)
  • Battle of Ahmad Khel (1880)
  • Battle of Kandahar (1880)
  • Battle of Mairwand (1880)
  • Battle of Urzu (1880)

Afghan Civil Wars (1881—1888)

  • Battle of Kandahar (1881)
  • Battle of Ghaznigak (1888)

Arabia's Egyptian Rebellion (1882—1882)

  • Battle of Alexandria (1882)
  • Battle of Kassassin (1882)
  • Battle of Tel-el-Kebir (1882)
  • Battle of Tel-el-Maskhuta (1882)

British-Sudan Wars (1883—1899)

  • Battle of El Obeid (1883)
  • Battle of Tokar (1883)
  • Battle of El Teb (1884)
  • Battle of Sinkat (1884)
  • Battle of Tamai (1884)
  • Battle of Khartoum (1884—1885)
  • Battle of Abu Klea (1885)
  • Battle of Abu Kru (1885)
  • Battle of Ginniss (1885)
  • Battle of Hashin (1885)
  • Battle of Kirkeban (1885)
  • Battle of Tofrek (1885)
  • Battle of Gemaizeh (1888)
  • Battle of Handoub (1888)
  • Battle of Toski (1889)
  • Battle of Tokar (1891)
  • Battle of Firket (1896)
  • Battle of Hafir (1896)
  • Battle of Abu Hamed (1897)
  • Battle of Atbara (1898)
  • Battle of Dakhila (1898)
  • Battle of Gedaref (1898)
  • Battle of Omdurman (1898)
  • Battle of Um Diqaykarat (1899)

Russo-Afghan War (1885—1885)

  • Battle of Penjdeh (1885)

Sudanese-Ethiopian War (1885—1889)

  • Battle of Kufit (1885)
  • Battle of Debra Sina (1887)
  • Battle of Gallabat (1889)

Saudi-Rashidi Wars (1887—1921)

  • Battle of Riyadh (1887)
  • Battle of Mulaydah (1891)

First Greco-Ottoman War (1897—1897)

  • Battle of Domokos (1897)
  • Battle of Mati (1897)
  • Battle of Nezeros (1897)
  • Battle of Pharsalus (1897)
  • Battle of Velestino (1897)
  • Battle of Vigal (1897)

French Invasion of North Africa (1899—1918)

  • Battle of Ingosten (1899)

20th Century

20th Century (295 Battles)[46]

Saudi-Rashidi Wars (1887—1921)

  • Battle of Dilam (1902)
  • Battle of Riyadh (1904)
  • Battle of Bukairiya (1906)
  • Battle of Unayzah (1915)
  • Battle of Rawdhat al Muhanna (1906)
  • Battle of Jirab (1915)
  • Battle of Kinzan (1915)
  • Battle of Hail (1921)

French Invasion of North Africa (1899—1918)

  • Battle of In Rhar (1900)
  • Battle of In Salah (1900)
  • Battle of Charouine (1901)
  • Battle of Timimoun (1901)
  • Battle of Tit (1902)
  • Battle of El Moungar (1903)
  • Battle of Taghit (1903)
  • Battle of Casablanca (1907)
  • Battle of Taddert (1907)
  • Battle of Wadi Kiss (1907)
  • Battle of Bou Denib (1908)
  • Battle of Bou Nouala (1908)
  • Battle of Djorf (1908)
  • Battle of El Menabba (1908)
  • Battle of R'Fakha (1908)
  • Battle of Settat (1908)
  • Battle of Wadi M'Koun (1908)
  • Battle of Fez (1911)
  • Battle of Fez (1912)
  • Battle of Sidi Ben Othman (1912)
  • Battle of El Ksiba (1913)
  • Battle of El Herri (1914)
  • Battle of Khenifra (1914)
  • Battle of Sidi Sliman (1915)
  • Battle of Gaouz (1918)

"Mad Mullah" War

  • Battle of Ferdiddin (1901)
  • Battle of Samala (1901)
  • Battle of Erego (1902)
  • Battle of Daratoleh (1903)
  • Battle of Gumburu (1903)
  • Battle of Illig (1904)
  • Battle of Jidballi (1904)
  • Battle of Dul Madoba (1913)
  • Battle of OK Pass (1919)
  • Battle of Baran (1920)
  • Battle of Galiabur (1920)
  • Battle of Taleh (1920)

Italo-Ottoman War (1911—1912)

  • Battle of Ain Zara (1911)
  • Battle of Benghazi (1911)
  • Battle of Sidi El Henni (1911)
  • Battle of Sidi Mesri (1911)
  • Battle of Tripoli (1911)
  • Battle of Dardanelles (1912)
  • Battle of Derna (1912)
  • Battle of Two Palms (1912)
  • Battle of Zanzur (1912)

First Balken War (1912—1913)

  • Battle of Chataldja (1912)
  • Battle of Jannitsa (1912)
  • Battle of Kirk Kilissa (1912)
  • Battle of Kumanovo (1912)
  • Battle of Luleburgaz (1912)
  • Battle of Monastir (1912)
  • Battle of Sarandaporon (1912)
  • Battle of Adrianople (1912—1913)
  • Battle of Jannina (1912—1913)
  • Battle of Scutari (1912—1913)
  • Battle of Bizani (1913)

Saudi-Ottoman War (1913)

  • Battle of Hofuf (1913)

Caucasus Front World War I (1914—1918)

  • Battle of Sarikamish (1914—1918)
  • Battle of Karakilise (1915)
  • Battle of Malazgirt (1915)
  • Battle of Bayburt (1916)
  • Battle of Bitlis (1916)
  • Battle of Erzincan (1916)
  • Battle of Erzurum (1916)
  • Battle of Koprukoy (1916)
  • Battle of Trebizond (1916)
  • Battle of Baku (1918)
  • Battle of Sardarapat (1918)

Mesopotamia World War I (1914—1918)

  • Battle of Qurna (1914)
  • Battle of Sahil (1914)
  • Battle of Ahwaz (1915)
  • Battle of Amara (1915)
  • Battle of Ctesiphon (1915)
  • Battle of Kut-al-Amara (1915)
  • Battle of Nasiriya (1915)
  • Battle of Shaiba (1915)
  • Battle of Umm-at-Tubal (1915)
  • Battle of Kut-al-Amara (1915—1916)
  • Battle of Dujaila (1917)
  • Battle of Hanna (1917)
  • Battle of Khanikin (1917)
  • Battle of Sannaiyat (1917)
  • Battle of Sheik Sa'ad (1917)
  • Battle of Wadi (1917)
  • Battle of Baghdad (1917)
  • Battle of Istabulat (1917)
  • Battle of Kut-al-Amara (1917)
  • Battle of Mushahida (1917)
  • Battle of Ramadi (1917)
  • Battle of Khan Baghdadi (1918)
  • Battle of Sharqat (1918)

Middle East World War I (1915—1918)

  • Battle of Suez Canal (1915)
  • Battle of Agagia (1916)
  • Battle of Beringia (1916)
  • Battle of Guiba (1916)
  • Battle of Hejaz (1916)
  • Battle of Jeddah (1916)
  • Battle of Katia (1916)
  • Battle of Magdhaba (1916)
  • Battle of Rafa (1916)
  • Battle of Romani (1916)
  • Battle of Taif (1916)
  • Battle of Yanbu (1916)
  • Battle of Medina (1916—1919)
  • Battle of Aqaba (1917)
  • Battle of Beersheba (1917)
  • Battle of El Mughar (1917)
  • Battle of Gaza (1917)
  • Battle of Huj (1917)
  • Battle of Jerusalem (1917)
  • Battle of Sheria (1917)
  • Battle of Siwa (1917)
  • Battle of Tel el Ful (1917)
  • Battle of Wejh (1917)
  • Battle of Abu Tellul (1918)
  • Battle of Aleppo (1918)
  • Battle of Amman (1918)
  • Battle of Damascus (1918)
  • Battle of Dera (1918)
  • Battle of Es Salt (1918)
  • Battle of Jericho (1918)
  • Battle of Jisr Benat (1918)
  • Battle of Maan (1918)
  • Battle of Megiddo (1918)
  • Battle of Tafileh (1918)
  • Battle of Yakub (1918)

Gallipoli World War One (1915—1916)

  • Battle of Anzac (1915)
  • Battle of Baby 700 (1915)
  • Battle of Chunuk Bair (1915)
  • Battle of Dardanelles (1915)
  • Battle of Dardanelles Narrows (1915)
  • Battle of Eski Hissarlik (1915)
  • Battle of Hill 60 (1915)
  • Battle of Kirithia (1915)
  • Battle of Kum Kale (1915)
  • Battle of Lone Pine (1915)
  • Battle of Sari Bair (1915)
  • Battle of Scimitar Hill (1915)
  • Battle of Suvla Bay (1915)
  • Battle of Gallipoli (1915—1916)
  • Battle of Helles (1915—1916)

Waziristan Campaign (1919—1920)

  • Battle of Palosina
  • Battle of Ahnai Tangi
  • Battle of Aka Khel
  • Battle of Barari Tangi

Saudi-Hashemite War (1919—1925)

  • Battle of Turabah
  • Battle of Taif
  • Battle of Medina

French Occupation of Syria (1920—1920)

  • Battle of Maisalun (1920)

Iraqi Revolt (1920-1920)

  • Battle of Jarbuiyah (1920)
  • Battle of Kufah (1920)
  • Battle of Rumaithah (1920)
  • Battle of Rustumiyah (1920)
  • Battle of Samawah (1920)
  • Battle of Tel Afar (1920)

Saudi-Kuwait War (1920—1920)

  • Battle of Hamad (1920)
  • Battle of Jahrah (1920)

Second Greco-Turkish War (1921—1922)

  • Battle of Eskisehir (1921)
  • Battle of Inonu (1921)
  • Battle of Sakarya (1921)
  • Battle of Afyon (1922)
  • Battle of Bursa (1922)
  • Battle of Smyrna (1921)

Afghan Reformist War (1929—1929)

  • Battle of Kabul (1929)

Saudi-Yemeni War (1934—1934)

  • Battle of Hudayda (1934)

First Kashmir War (1947)

  • Battle of Bahtgiran (1947)
  • Battle of Shalanteng (1947)
  • Battle of Uri (1947)
  • Battle of Poonch (1947—1948)
  • Battle of Leh (1948)
  • Battle of Skardu (1948)
  • Battle of Zojila (1948)

Arab-Israeli Sinai War (1956—1956)

  • Battle of Abu Ageila (1956)
  • Battle of Gaza (1956)
  • Battle of Mitla Pass (1956)
  • Battle of Rafa (1956)
  • Battle of Straits of Tiran (1956)

Suez Crisis (1956—1956)

  • Battle of Port Said (1956)

First Sudanese Civil War

  • Battle of Sudan ()

Algeria War (1956—1959)

  • Battle of Algiers (1956—1957)
  • Battle of Frontier (1958)
  • Battle of Souk-Ahras (1958)
  • Battle of Kabylie (1959)

Second Kashmir War (1965—1965)

  • Battle of Buttar Dograndi (1965)
  • Battle of Chawinda (1965)
  • Battle of Chhamb (1965)
  • Battle of Haji Pir (1965)
  • Battle of Khem Karan (1965)
  • Battle of Lahore (1965)
  • Battle of Phillora (1965)
  • Battle of Sialkot (1965)

Dhofar Rebellion in Oman (1962—1975)

  • Battle of Oman ()

Arab-Israeli Six Day War (1967—1967)

  • Battle of Abu Ageila (1967)
  • Battle of Bir Gafgafa (1967)
  • Battle of Gaza (1967)
  • Battle of Golan Heights (1967)
  • Battle of Jebel Libni (1967)
  • Battle of Jenin (1967)
  • Battle of Jerusalem (1967)
  • Battle of Mitla Pass (1967)
  • Battle of Nablus (1967)
  • Battle of Rafa (1967)

Yemeni Civil War (1967—1994)

  • Battle of Sanaa (1967—1968)
  • Battle of Aden (1986)
  • Battle of Aden (1994)

Arab-Israeli Border Wars (1968)

  • Battle of Karama (1968)

First Indo-Pak War (1971—1971)

  • Battle of Chhamb (1971)
  • Battle of Dacca (1971)
  • Battle of Garibpur (1971)
  • Battle of Karachi (1971)
  • Battle of Longewala (1971)
  • Battle of Shakargarh (1971)

Arab-Israeli Yom Kippur War (1973—1973)

  • Battle of Chinese Farm (1973)
  • Battle of Golan Heights (1973)
  • Battle of Latakia (1973)
  • Battle of Mount Hermon (1973)
  • Battle of Suez Canal (1973)

Turkish Liberation of Cyprus (1974—1974)

  • Battle of Kyrenia (1974)

Lebanon Civil War (1976—1990)

  • Battle of Tel-el-Zataar (1976)
  • Battle of Beirut (1978)
  • Battle of Zahle (1981)
  • Battle of Beirut (1982)
  • Battle of Beirut (1990)

Soviet Invasion of Afghanisation (1978—1979)

  • Battle of Herat (1978)
  • Battle of Kabul (1978)
  • Battle of Kabul (1979)
  • Battle of Panjshir Valley (1982)
  • Battle of Ali Kheyl (1984)
  • Battle of Panjshir Valley (1984)
  • Battle of Khost (1985)
  • Battle of Parrot's Beak (1985)
  • Battle of Zhawar (1986)
  • Battle of Jalalabad (1989)

Libyan-Egyptian War

  • Battle of Libyan-Egyptian War (1977—1977)

Ogaden War

  • Battle of Ogaden War (1977—1978)

Iranian Revolution (1978—1979)

  • Battle of Iranian Revolution (1978—1979)

Iran-Iraq War (1980—1988)

  • Battle of Abadan (1980)
  • Battle of Ahwaz (1980)
  • Battle of Khorramshahr (1980)
  • Battle of Susangerd (1980)
  • Battle of Abadan (1981)
  • Battle of Susangerd (1981)
  • Battle of Basra (1982)
  • Battle of Khorramshahr (1982)
  • Battle of Mandali (1982)
  • Battle of Musian (1982)
  • Battle of Amara (1983)
  • Battle of Haj Omran (1983)
  • Battle of Mehran (1983)
  • Battle of Panjwin (1983)
  • Battle of Basra (1984)
  • Battle of Basra (1985)
  • Battle of Al Faw (1986)
  • Battle of Mehran (1986)
  • Battle of Basra (1987)
  • Battle of Suleimaniya (1987)
  • Battle of Al Faw (1988)
  • Battle of Halabja (1988)
  • Battle of Mehran (1988)
  • Battle of Salamcheh (1988)

Second Sudanese Civil War (1983—2005)

  • Sudanese Civil War (1983—2005)

Al-Anfal Campaign in Iraq (1986—1989)

  • Battle of Al-Anfal Campaign in Iraq (1986—1989)

Libyan-Chad War (1986—1987)

  • Battle of Erdi (1986)
  • Battle of Zouar (1986—1987)
  • Battle of Aozou (1987)
  • Battle of Fada (1987)
  • Battle of Maaten-as-Sarra (1987)
  • Battle of Ouadi Doum (1987)

Mauritania-Senegal Border War (1989—1991)

  • Mauritania-Senegal Border War (1989—1991)

First Gulf War (1991—1991)

  • Battle of Kuwait (1990)
  • Battle of As-Salman (1991)
  • Battle of Baghdad (1991)
  • Battle of Bubiyan (1991)
  • Battle of Desert Storm (1991)
  • Battle of Khafji Kuwait (1991)
  • Battle of Wadi-al-Batin (1991)

Somali Civil War (1991—Present)

  • Somali Civil War (1991—Present)

Bosnian War (1992—1996)

  • Battle of Bihac (1992—1995)
  • Battle of Sarajevo (1992—1996)
  • Battle of Mostar (1993—1994)
  • Battle of Srebrenica (1993—1995)
  • Battle of Gorazde (1994—1995)

Nagorno-Karabakh War (1988—1994)

  • Nagorno-Karabakh War (1988—1994)

Tajikistan Civil War (1992—1997)

  • Civil War (1992—1997)

Russo-Chechan Wars (1994—1999)

  • Battle of Chechnya (1994—1996)
  • Battle of Chechnya (1999—1999)

Sources

Footnotes

  1. ^ Quote: "The Battle of Megiddo was the first military campaign in recorded history from which any kind of detailed account has survived".
    1. Carlisle, R. (2015). Encyclopedia of Intelligence and Counterintelligence. Taylor & Francis. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-317-47177-6.
  2. ^ There were some 20,000 Bosnian Muslims who fought for the Nazi Germans during World War II. However some 15,000 Bosnian Muslim troops also fought against the Nazi Germans. Quote: "Himmler's SS conscription program in Yugoslavia resulted in the formation of 42,000 Waffen SS and police troops, 20,000 of that number being Bosnian Muslims. Other Bosnian Muslims joined anti-Nazi forces and fought against the pro-Nazi collaborationist Chetniks. Of note was the 16th Moslem Partisan Brigade, which fought against both German and Italian forces and inflicted major damage to the Handschar SS division in February 1944. The strongest anti-fascist Bosnian Muslim brigade, counting some 15,000 troops, was directed by Josip Broz Tito, who later became the leader of post-war Communist Yugoslavia".
    1. Garson, P. (2012). New Images of Nazi Germany: A Photographic Collection. McFarland, Incorporated, Publishers. p. 355. ISBN 978-0-7864-9090-5.
    It is important however to note that the Bosnian population was largely neutral during World War II; Quote: "In reality, the majority the Bosniak population remained neutral, vulnerable and unprotected, subjected to persecution and murder, especially by the Chetniks, who massacred thousands in Eastern Bosnia and in the Sandzak region of Serbia and Montenegro. Many members of their dispersed elites disagreed with the new regime’s policies however, the persecution of Serbs, Jews, and Roma provoked public condemnation".
    1. Hikmet Karcic (September 15th, 2021). The Muslim Resolutions: How Bosniaks condemned atrocities in World War II. TRT World. WayBackMachine Link. Archive.is Link. Retrieved June 4th, 2022.
  3. ^ The Indian legion was a Nazi-allied military unit that was formed in late 1942; 59% of the legion's men were Hindus, 25% were Muslims, 14% were Sikhs and 2% other religions. Relative to the British Indian Army, there were more Hindus and Sikhs, and fewer Muslims. Quote: "...1,167 of which 59 per cent were Hindus, 25 per cent Muslims, 14 per cent Sikhs and 2 per cent Christians and Buddhists. (The proportion of the Sikhs was to later rise to 20 per cent)."
    1. Hartog, R. (2001). The Sign of the Tiger: Subhas Chandra Bose and His Indian Legion in Germany, 1941-45. p. 66. Rupa & Company. ISBN 978-81-7223-547-5.
  4. ^ However this is somewhat disputed by some scholars:
    1. Slawotsky, Joel (2021). "Is China Guilty of Committing Genocide in Xinjiang?". Chinese Journal of International Law (Oxford University Press (OUP)) 20 (3): 625–635. ISSN 1540-1650. doi:10.1093/chinesejil/jmab029.
  5. ^ See these sources;
    1. George Childs Kohn (31 October 2013). Dictionary of Wars. Routledge. p. 134. ISBN 978-1-135-95494-9.
    2. John Child; Martyn John Whittock; Nigel Kelly (1992). The Crusades. Heinemann. pp. 16. ISBN 978-0-435-31283-1.
    3. John L. Esposito (7 October 1999). The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?. Oxford University Press. pp. 59–61. ISBN 978-0-19-982665-0.
    4. Walter Hazen (1 September 2002). Inside Islam. Lorenz Educational Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-7877-0526-.
    5. Judith Kidd; Rosemary Rees; Ruth Tudor (2000). Life in Medieval Times. Heinemann. p. 178. ISBN 978-0-435-32594-7.
    6. Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.) (1997). The Glory of Byzantium: Art and Culture of the Middle Byzantine Era, A.D. 843-1261. Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 390. ISBN 978-0-87099-777-8.
    7. Philip Parker (February 2010). World History. Dorling Kindersley Limited. p. 448. ISBN 978-1-4053-4124-0.
    8. Alexander Mikaberidze (31 July 2011). Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 310–311. ISBN 978-1-59884-336-1.
    9. Jeffrey Ian Ross (4 March 2015). Religion and Violence: An Encyclopedia of Faith and Conflict from Antiquity to the Present. Routledge. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-317-46109-8.
    10. Gustave Dore; Gustave Doré (15 July 1997). Doré's Illustrations of the Crusades. Courier Corporation. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-486-29597-8.
    11. Jean-Pierre Filiu (2015). From Deep State to Islamic State: The Arab Counter-revolution and Its Jihadi Legacy. Oxford University Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-19-026406-2.
    12. Joseph J. Conte (4 December 2008). The 14th and Final Crusade to the Middle East: Crusades from the 11th Century to the 21st Century. AuthorHouse. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-4520-5546-6.

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