Rape Laws in Dubai

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East v. West: Cultural Differences in How Women Spend Time With Men

UAE and Rape Crimes:— Contrary to reports made in the European and US press, rape or sexual assault is against the law in the UAE.[1] The controversial aspect however, of prosecution of women in the UAE who are victims of rape actually concerns sex outside of marriage, rather than the rape itself. Within Arab-Islamic culture, it is expected for a woman not to be alone with an unrelated male both in private and in public (or female in the case of a man),[2] otherwise the authorities immediately become suspicious as to why a woman was alone with an unrelated man in the first place.[n. 1] Unwitting foreigners don't tend to know this, and hence mistake any prosecution like this as "punishment for being raped", when this couldn't be further from the truth (in fact it's a separate prosecution). Men and women being alone together is not something that is normal in Arab countries,[3][4][5] and hence if anything happens the onus is on the man and woman to justify why they were alone together in the first place (hence the jailing of some rape victims in some cases, along with the rapist). According also to "Emirates Women", "[i]f a woman reports she was raped", but "has had relations with the man before, and if there are phone calls, messages and correspondence between them that prove they have agreed on adultery, this will work against her in court".[6] The Dubai police have even stressed "expats must learn the law in the UAE before they come to visit".[7] However, saying this, "[l]awyers say victims of sexual assault should have more faith in the judicial system".[8]

Women in the UAE, free to wear what they want.[9]

The Law

A common myth spread around the internet is the requirement of four male witnesses in cases of sexual assault and rape; however this is only ever applicable in cases of adultery (and since most adultery takes place privately, adultery is impossible to prove).

"Four Witnesses" Myth:— Rape laws in the UAE have been grossly misreported irresponsibly by European and American news organisations,[10] even those as well respected as the BBC.[11] Such sources have spread a false notion that rape laws in the UAE require evidence from four male Muslim witnesses's in order for a conviction to be passed on the rapist (with some sources even claiming a confession is also required in lieu of these four witnesses's).[12] Indeed virtually every outlet from these regions, whether reputable or not, have stated as much, which includes "The Independent",[13] "Foreign Policy",[14] "Daily Mail"[15] and "The Telegraph".[16] Precisely why the press have misreported on this is not known and can range anything from wilful ignorance to deliberate discrimination. There is no such thing as using the testimony of four male, Muslim witnesses in cases of rape.[17] In fact there are several factors which are taken into consideration when a rape is committed.[10] These include the level of resistance, influence of alcohol, changing consent during the rape and the exchange of money.[10] There are however some flaws regarding this way of treatment of female rape claimants, such as in one case where a female claimed she was threatened by her alleged rapist to remove her own underwear, to which a Dubai court judge deemed as exhibiting consent.[10] A criticism of the law is that if a party is found not guilty of rape, the charge of adultery automatically applies to both parties (prosecution and defence).

The Law:— In this respect, a rape victim must have enough proof that the sexual intercourse that had occurred was really rape to begin with, otherwise it is considered adultery. This is actually where the requirement of four witnesses's is now necessary. However this in and of itself is problematic for prosecutors of adultery as it is damn near impossible to prove adultery has taken place,[18] especially in a private place let alone public. This part of the law is not however applied correctly in UAE courts, where the requirement of four witness's is never applied in cases where adultery has been made the prime prosecution argument. There are several articles of law, where rape and adultery are discussed; one of which is §Article 354 (which deals with rape) and the second is §Article 356 (which deals with adultery),[19][20] with §Article 276 also being relevant (in relation to false-rape allegations).[21] §Article 354 in its entirety states "[s]hall be sentenced to death any individual who forcibly compels a female to carnal copulation or a man to sodomy. Coercion shall exist if at the moment of commission of crime the victim is under 14 years of age".[21] §Article 356 "punishable by confinement for a minimum period of one year any individual who commits an act of disgrace and dishonour with the consent of the victim". §Article 276 states that the perpetrator of rape "[s]hall be punishable by confinement and by fine or by one of these two penalties...even if this denouncement did not result in...criminal or disciplinary action".[21]

The police in Dubai has been criticised for not taking rape cases seriously in recent years, to which it has responded by trying to improve itself.

Globalisation and Perceptions of Rape (Native Emirati Women)

Emirati Muslim women are active participants in the workforce, doing mainly professional work.

Emirati Women and the Workplace:— According to one publication, women in Arab cultures are expected to follow traditional cultural gender roles, mainly concerning marriage and having children.[22] Rarely will women ever enter the workforce, as work is mainly seen as a male role.[22] Men are primarily seen as the breadwinners, with women expected to look after the family and caretake homes.[22] Almost three-quarters of Arab females are married by the age of thirty and a similar amount have had children by this age (72% and 70% respectively).[22] This is significantly higher than the 55% of American women who are married and have children by the age of thirty.[22] Even for those who do enter the workforce, their reputation can have large consequences on the type of work that they will get.[22] There is also a general attitude that "women from good families don't work", as it heavily implies husbands are weak, as they cannot provide for their own families.[22] However according to another publication from 2016, things had dramatically changed with 32.8% of Emirati women actively involved in the workforce (rising from a minute 2.2% in 1975), with 46.9% of women working professionally, with an additional 12.6% in senior management.[23] Additionally, native Emirati women outweighed males in university student enrollment, where for every 157 females, there were 100 male students.[23] Given this information, it can safely be inferred that Emirati women are not prepared to work in low social status jobs that includes domestic work.

Statistics:— The level of crime in the UAE is very low compared to most countries, and this is inclusive when it comes to sexual assault. The rate of rape in the UAE is 1.5 per 100,000 (the US by contrast is 27.3 per 100,000, making women 18 times more likely to be raped in the US than in the UAE).[24] However, saying this, 94.4% of Emirati women that responded to a recent police survey said that they were unlikely to report a rape or sexual assault for a variety of reasons, which mainly concerns their own personal dignity (honour), fear of society rejecting them, shame, fear of retaliation, pressure from parents and family, love and jealousy, no community acceptance (especially in cases involving a male friend), nomadic and tribal traditions, fear of further violence, privacy and customs.[25] Thus the rate of reported rapes is only about 9.5%.[26][27] The UAE however is trying extremely hard to become a world leader in reducing crime rate, with the aim of having the lowest level of crime in the world by 2021.[28] In the US between 5%—20% of all rapes are ever reported (with the level of unreported rapes set between 80%—95%).[29] If these figures are factored into rape data for the UAE, it would still make the Emirates a far safer place for women when compared to countries such as the US (for example, the adjusted figures would be 15 per 100,000 for the UAE v. 137—546 per 100,000 for the US).[n. 2] Other countries with a bigger rape culture than the UAE includes the UK, where 10% of all British women are rape victims.[30][31]

The Emirates is currently undergoing a rapid transformation economically and socially. Still, the UAE fares much better than most European countries and American when it comes to the oppression of women.

Globalisation and Perceptions of Rape (Migrants From Developing Countries): Non-White Women

Dubai's rapid growth and wealth has surged demand for domestic female workers.

Foreign Female Workers:— Unlike the US and Europe, Middle-eastern Muslim countries are highly welcoming of immigrants and foreign workers. For instance, Oman (24.5%), Saudi Arabia (25.9%), Bahrain (40.7%), Kuwait (62.1%), UAE (71.4%) and Qatar (78.3%) have extremely high rates of immigration.[32] Such rapid migration however, has resulted in a huge culture clash, hence the rise and spread of some shock stories concerning foreign women, particularly involving how sexual assault and rape is treated. As the UAE's wealth has dramatically grown post the 1973 oil crisis, so too has the demand for domestic workers.[1][33][34] In 1999, some 116,083 visas were awarded to mostly unskilled female migrants from countries such as Sri Lanka (Buddhist[35]), India (Hindu[36]), the Philippines (Catholic[37]), Ethiopia (Mixed[38]) and Indonesia (Muslim[39]).[1][n. 3] This demand arose as a result of native Emirati women refusing to take on such unskilled work, and because of a risk of interacting with unrelated men.[1] Demand typically necessitates 3.0 servants per household.[1] Unfortunately—these women who are not considered citizens—have fewer rights than the natives (as would be the case for any country), but this has also opened up new avenues for abuse.[1] As a result many of these workers are actually trapped and have their lives rigidly controlled.[1] Various human rights organisations endogenous to Dubai have been set up in order to combat such abuses, such as the "Women's Da'waa Administration" and the "Al Maktoum Charity".[1]

Sexual Abuse Protection Laws:— In 2017, the Islamic Parliament decided to introduce a range of new liberal and progressive laws for domestic workers in the Shari'ah, making significant strides towards greater equality, with the laws proposed offering several progressive benefits including protection for having at least 24 hours off per week, at least 12 hours off per day, 4 weeks of paid holiday leave, the right for workers to retain their own documents on their own persons (including their passport) in order to avoid being stranded and exploited in the country, and identification cards and work permits. In essence workers will be allowed to have 96 hours of off-time per week out of a total of 168 hour week total, making an average working week consisting of 72 hours worth of work. Workers will also be protected against verbal, sexual and physical abuse, as well as trafficking, forced labour and will additionally be protected against discrimination based on race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, nationality and social sect. Additionally, paid sick leave of 30 days will be allowed. Perhaps most importantly, these liberal reforms that have been set would mean that workers will not be subject to court fees if they bring a case against their employer. The law will cover protection for 750,000 workers. Violators of any of these laws will be subject to fines and jail time.[40] These laws were based upon internationally agreed values based on the "Domestic Worker's Convention Agreement", and were not based on European or US cultural values or laws.[n. 4]

The UAE are amongst the first countries in the world to protect domestic workers under the Domestic Workers Convention. Contrary to rumours these are not based on "Western Principles".[n. 5]

Globalisation and Perceptions of Rape (Migrants From Developed Countries): White Women

White women have an international reputation of being stereotyped as slutty, and hence perceptions of white women being promiscuous are widespread.[n. 6]

Rape, Racism and Stereotypes:— Certain advocacy groups have popped up in recent years, such as "Detained in Dubai", which have claimed that it is precisely racist pre-conceptions of White women and their behaviour which causes Emirati police to become sceptical of their rape claims (the fact that facts such as 71% of women in pornography being White,[n. 7] has lead to the widespread opinion that White women are prostitutes,[41] are always up for sex or "asking for it",[42] and that any reported rape must usually be related to money).[43] Radha Stirling, who heads the aforementioned charity, has even stated that false-rape claims are also a problem in that the "[p]olice there do get a lot of rape claims that are false, many of which come from disgruntled prostitutes who retaliate [against their clients] by reporting false criminal claims" (probably as a result of payment disagreement).[43] As a result, "the police are wary of false accusations" and hence assume rape allegations by European and American migrants are themselves likely false.[43] The UAE police are by no means the only people to assume this of other ethnicities or cultures. In France for instance, White women are seen as sluts by White males for merely walking with Arab men in public who are trying to integrate themselves in French society ("pute"/"petasse").[44] Bizarrely, some Europeans have promoted the stereotype that Arab (read Muslim) men are nothing more than "hairy beasts" who "want to rape" helpless White women, because they claim Muslims view White women only "as 'sluts".[45]

Contrast with Europe and US Rape Epidemic

Rape Conviction Rates in Europe and the USA:— According to statistics compiled by the Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN), 656 rapes per 1,000 go unreported in the US, 344 rapes per 1,000 are then reported to the police, thereafter 63 rapes per 1,000 lead to an arrest, followed by 13 cases per 1,000 referred to prosecutors, of which 7 cases per 1,000 end in conviction, thereafter only 6 court cases per 1,000 rapists end with the incarceration of the rapist (prison).[46] The rape culture in the US on average costs $151,423 dollars to the victim in healthcare costs.[47] According to the Guardian, in the UK, reported rates have dramatically increased, whilst rape conviction rates have been falling.[48] Additionally, reported rapes have increased by 123%, whilst rape conviction rates have only increased by 11%.[48] Furthermore, between 69,000 and 95,000 people are raped in the UK each year; with only 1,070 ending in a conviction (a rate of 1.12%—1.55%).[49] Interestingly, not a single Muslim country makes the top ten list the countries with the worst rape statistics, even though the list includes third world countries like India and Sri Lanka.[50][51] This makes sense, given that murder rates in Muslim countries have been found in many reputably peer-reviewed studies to be extremely low; in contrast to non-Muslim nations.[52][53] Interestingly, the alt-right "Front Page Magazine" made a laughable article "debunking" the study (except that they really couldn't); providing many red herrings, and false-equivalents, and also omitting data and thorough analysis.[n. 8]

Muslim countries have lower murder rates than non-Muslim countries.
Muslim men are stereotyped as rapists in Europe.[54][55]

In 2016, it was revealed by an EU-wide survey that 27% of European men (over one in four) believed raping women was justified, which translates to 200 million European men agreeing that rape was okay.[56] Another 22% of European men (over one in five) believe women who are raped "make up" claims about being sexually assaulted (ranging from 47% of men in Malta to 8% in Sweden).[56] A staggering 74% of Europeans said their countries had domestic violence problems.[56] Another 12% (over one in ten) believe domestic violence shouldn't be punished by law.[56] Additionally, 24% of Europeans personally knows a rape or abuse victim.[56] Overall, this is unsurprising, given the fact that the top ten countries with the highest rates of rape are European or have European ancestry (Canada, Sweden, New Zealand, USA, UK, Finland, Germany, and Denmark), with the rates of rape only increasing.[57] Muslim countries are often accused of having higher rates of rape against women because of a "lack" of reporting, however this is only conjecture and is completely baseless as it is only an assumption based on prejudice and racism; as there is also a huge lack of reporting of rape in the West (it is estimated that 9 out of 10 rapes are never reported).[n. 9] One explanation of why the rate of rape is so low in Muslim countries is that they value virginity and marriage more, as well as discouraging the free mixing of the sexes, which prevents opportunities for rape to occur, given that the rapist is usually known to the victim for some time. Indeed stranger rape is very rare, with even the worst countries for rape having low rates of stranger rape.[58]

East v. West: Cultural Differences in How Women Spend Time With Men

Women in the UAE, free to wear what they want.[9]

UAE and Rape Crimes:— Contrary to reports made in the European and US press, rape or sexual assault is against the law in the UAE.[1] The controversial aspect however, of prosecution of women in the UAE who are victims of rape actually concerns sex outside of marriage, rather than the rape itself. Within Arab-Islamic culture, it is expected for a woman not to be alone with an unrelated male both in private and in public (or female in the case of a man),[2] otherwise the authorities immediately become suspicious as to why a woman was alone with an unrelated man in the first place.[n. 10] Unwitting foreigners don't tend to know this, and hence mistake any prosecution like this as "punishment for being raped", when this couldn't be further from the truth (in fact it's a separate prosecution). Men and women being alone together is not something that is normal in Arab countries,[3][4][5] and hence if anything happens the onus is on the man and woman to justify why they were alone together in the first place (hence the jailing of some rape victims in some cases, along with the rapist). According also to "Emirates Women", "[i]f a woman reports she was raped", but "has had relations with the man before, and if there are phone calls, messages and correspondence between them that prove they have agreed on adultery, this will work against her in court".[6] The Dubai police have even stressed "expats must learn the law in the UAE before they come to visit".[7] However, saying this, "[l]awyers say victims of sexual assault should have more faith in the judicial system".[8]

The Law

A common myth spread around the internet is the requirement of four male witnesses in cases of sexual assault and rape; however this is only ever applicable in cases of adultery (and since most adultery takes place privately, adultery is impossible to prove).

"Four Witnesses" Myth:— Rape laws in the UAE have been grossly misreported irresponsibly by European and American news organisations,[10] even those as well respected as the BBC.[11] Such sources have spread a false notion that rape laws in the UAE require evidence from four male Muslim witnesses's in order for a conviction to be passed on the rapist (with some sources even claiming a confession is also required in lieu of these four witnesses's).[12] Indeed virtually every outlet from these regions, whether reputable or not, have stated as much, which includes "The Independent",[13] "Foreign Policy",[14] "Daily Mail"[15] and "The Telegraph".[16] Precisely why the press have misreported on this is not known and can range anything from wilful ignorance to deliberate discrimination. There is no such thing as using the testimony of four male, Muslim witnesses in cases of rape.[17] In fact there are several factors which are taken into consideration when a rape is committed.[10] These include the level of resistance, influence of alcohol, changing consent during the rape and the exchange of money.[10] There are however some flaws regarding this way of treatment of female rape claimants, such as in one case where a female claimed she was threatened by her alleged rapist to remove her own underwear, to which a Dubai court judge deemed as exhibiting consent.[10] A criticism of the law is that if a party is found not guilty of rape, the charge of adultery automatically applies to both parties (prosecution and defence).

The police in Dubai has been criticised for not taking rape cases seriously in recent years, to which it has responded by trying to improve itself.

The Law:— In this respect, a rape victim must have enough proof that the sexual intercourse that had occurred was really rape to begin with, otherwise it is considered adultery. This is actually where the requirement of four witnesses's is now necessary. However this in and of itself is problematic for prosecutors of adultery as it is damn near impossible to prove adultery has taken place,[18] especially in a private place let alone public. This part of the law is not however applied correctly in UAE courts, where the requirement of four witness's is never applied in cases where adultery has been made the prime prosecution argument. There are several articles of law, where rape and adultery are discussed; one of which is §Article 354 (which deals with rape) and the second is §Article 356 (which deals with adultery),[19][20] with §Article 276 also being relevant (in relation to false-rape allegations).[21] §Article 354 in its entirety states "[s]hall be sentenced to death any individual who forcibly compels a female to carnal copulation or a man to sodomy. Coercion shall exist if at the moment of commission of crime the victim is under 14 years of age".[21] §Article 356 "punishable by confinement for a minimum period of one year any individual who commits an act of disgrace and dishonour with the consent of the victim". §Article 276 states that the perpetrator of rape "[s]hall be punishable by confinement and by fine or by one of these two penalties...even if this denouncement did not result in...criminal or disciplinary action".[21]

Globalisation and Perceptions of Rape (Native Emirati Women)

Emirati Muslim women are active participants in the workforce, doing mainly professional work.

Emirati Women and the Workplace:— According to one publication, women in Arab cultures are expected to follow traditional cultural gender roles, mainly concerning marriage and having children.[22] Rarely will women ever enter the workforce, as work is mainly seen as a male role.[22] Men are primarily seen as the breadwinners, with women expected to look after the family and caretake homes.[22] Almost three-quarters of Arab females are married by the age of thirty and a similar amount have had children by this age (72% and 70% respectively).[22] This is significantly higher than the 55% of American women who are married and have children by the age of thirty.[22] Even for those who do enter the workforce, their reputation can have large consequences on the type of work that they will get.[22] There is also a general attitude that "women from good families don't work", as it heavily implies husbands are weak, as they cannot provide for their own families.[22] However according to another publication from 2016, things had dramatically changed with 32.8% of Emirati women actively involved in the workforce (rising from a minute 2.2% in 1975), with 46.9% of women working professionally, with an additional 12.6% in senior management.[23] Additionally, native Emirati women outweighed males in university student enrollment, where for every 157 females, there were 100 male students.[23] Given this information, it can safely be inferred that Emirati women are not prepared to work in low social status jobs that includes domestic work.

The Emirates is currently undergoing a rapid transformation economically and socially. Still, the UAE fares much better than most European countries and American when it comes to the oppression of women.

Statistics:— The level of crime in the UAE is very low compared to most countries, and this is inclusive when it comes to sexual assault. The rate of rape in the UAE is 1.5 per 100,000 (the US by contrast is 27.3 per 100,000, making women 18 times more likely to be raped in the US than in the UAE).[24] However, saying this, 94.4% of Emirati women that responded to a recent police survey said that they were unlikely to report a rape or sexual assault for a variety of reasons, which mainly concerns their own personal dignity (honour), fear of society rejecting them, shame, fear of retaliation, pressure from parents and family, love and jealousy, no community acceptance (especially in cases involving a male friend), nomadic and tribal traditions, fear of further violence, privacy and customs.[25] Thus the rate of reported rapes is only about 9.5%.[26][27] The UAE however is trying extremely hard to become a world leader in reducing crime rate, with the aim of having the lowest level of crime in the world by 2021.[28] In the US between 5%—20% of all rapes are ever reported (with the level of unreported rapes set between 80%—95%).[29] If these figures are factored into rape data for the UAE, it would still make the Emirates a far safer place for women when compared to countries such as the US (for example, the adjusted figures would be 15 per 100,000 for the UAE v. 137—546 per 100,000 for the US).[n. 11] Other countries with a bigger rape culture than the UAE includes the UK, where 10% of all British women are rape victims.[30][31]

Globalisation and Perceptions of Rape (Migrants From Developing Countries): Non-White Women

Dubai's rapid growth and wealth has surged demand for domestic female workers.

Foreign Female Workers:— Unlike the US and Europe, Middle-eastern Muslim countries are highly welcoming of immigrants and foreign workers. For instance, Oman (24.5%), Saudi Arabia (25.9%), Bahrain (40.7%), Kuwait (62.1%), UAE (71.4%) and Qatar (78.3%) have extremely high rates of immigration.[32] Such rapid migration however, has resulted in a huge culture clash, hence the rise and spread of some shock stories concerning foreign women, particularly involving how sexual assault and rape is treated. As the UAE's wealth has dramatically grown post the 1973 oil crisis, so too has the demand for domestic workers.[1][33][34] In 1999, some 116,083 visas were awarded to mostly unskilled female migrants from countries such as Sri Lanka (Buddhist[35]), India (Hindu[36]), the Philippines (Catholic[37]), Ethiopia (Mixed[38]) and Indonesia (Muslim[39]).[1][n. 12] This demand arose as a result of native Emirati women refusing to take on such unskilled work, and because of a risk of interacting with unrelated men.[1] Demand typically necessitates 3.0 servants per household.[1] Unfortunately—these women who are not considered citizens—have fewer rights than the natives (as would be the case for any country), but this has also opened up new avenues for abuse.[1] As a result many of these workers are actually trapped and have their lives rigidly controlled.[1] Various human rights organisations endogenous to Dubai have been set up in order to combat such abuses, such as the "Women's Da'waa Administration" and the "Al Maktoum Charity".[1]

The UAE are amongst the first countries in the world to protect domestic workers under the Domestic Workers Convention. Contrary to rumours these are not based on "Western Principles".[n. 13]

Sexual Abuse Protection Laws:— In 2017, the Islamic Parliament decided to introduce a range of new liberal and progressive laws for domestic workers in the Shari'ah, making significant strides towards greater equality, with the laws proposed offering several progressive benefits including protection for having at least 24 hours off per week, at least 12 hours off per day, 4 weeks of paid holiday leave, the right for workers to retain their own documents on their own persons (including their passport) in order to avoid being stranded and exploited in the country, and identification cards and work permits. In essence workers will be allowed to have 96 hours of off-time per week out of a total of 168 hour week total, making an average working week consisting of 72 hours worth of work. Workers will also be protected against verbal, sexual and physical abuse, as well as trafficking, forced labour and will additionally be protected against discrimination based on race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, nationality and social sect. Additionally, paid sick leave of 30 days will be allowed. Perhaps most importantly, these liberal reforms that have been set would mean that workers will not be subject to court fees if they bring a case against their employer. The law will cover protection for 750,000 workers. Violators of any of these laws will be subject to fines and jail time.[40] These laws were based upon internationally agreed values based on the "Domestic Worker's Convention Agreement", and were not based on European or US cultural values or laws.[n. 14]

Globalisation and Perceptions of Rape (Migrants From Developed Countries): White Women

White women have an international reputation of being stereotyped as slutty, and hence perceptions of white women being promiscuous are widespread.[n. 15]

Rape, Racism and Stereotypes:— Certain advocacy groups have popped up in recent years, such as "Detained in Dubai", which have claimed that it is precisely racist pre-conceptions of White women and their behaviour which causes Emirati police to become sceptical of their rape claims (the fact that facts such as 71% of women in pornography being White,[n. 16] has lead to the widespread opinion that White women are prostitutes,[41] are always up for sex or "asking for it",[42] and that any reported rape must usually be related to money).[43] Radha Stirling, who heads the aforementioned charity, has even stated that false-rape claims are also a problem in that the "[p]olice there do get a lot of rape claims that are false, many of which come from disgruntled prostitutes who retaliate [against their clients] by reporting false criminal claims" (probably as a result of payment disagreement).[43] As a result, "the police are wary of false accusations" and hence assume rape allegations by European and American migrants are themselves likely false.[43] The UAE police are by no means the only people to assume this of other ethnicities or cultures. In France for instance, White women are seen as sluts by White males for merely walking with Arab men in public who are trying to integrate themselves in French society ("pute"/"petasse").[44] Bizarrely, some Europeans have promoted the stereotype that Arab (read Muslim) men are nothing more than "hairy beasts" who "want to rape" helpless White women, because they claim Muslims view White women only "as 'sluts".[45]

Contrast with Europe and US Rape Epidemic

Muslim countries have lower murder rates than non-Muslim countries.

Rape Conviction Rates in Europe and the USA:— According to statistics compiled by the Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN), 656 rapes per 1,000 go unreported in the US, 344 rapes per 1,000 are then reported to the police, thereafter 63 rapes per 1,000 lead to an arrest, followed by 13 cases per 1,000 referred to prosecutors, of which 7 cases per 1,000 end in conviction, thereafter only 6 court cases per 1,000 rapists end with the incarceration of the rapist (prison).[46] The rape culture in the US on average costs $151,423 dollars to the victim in healthcare costs.[47] According to the Guardian, in the UK, reported rates have dramatically increased, whilst rape conviction rates have been falling.[48] Additionally, reported rapes have increased by 123%, whilst rape conviction rates have only increased by 11%.[48] Furthermore, between 69,000 and 95,000 people are raped in the UK each year; with only 1,070 ending in a conviction (a rate of 1.12%—1.55%).[49] Interestingly, not a single Muslim country makes the top ten list the countries with the worst rape statistics, even though the list includes third world countries like India and Sri Lanka.[50][51] This makes sense, given that murder rates in Muslim countries have been found in many reputably peer-reviewed studies to be extremely low; in contrast to non-Muslim nations.[52][53] Interestingly, the alt-right "Front Page Magazine" made a laughable article "debunking" the study (except that they really couldn't); providing many red herrings, and false-equivalents, and also omitting data and thorough analysis.[n. 17]

Muslim men are stereotyped as rapists in Europe.[54][55]

In 2016, it was revealed by an EU-wide survey that 27% of European men (over one in four) believed raping women was justified, which translates to 200 million European men agreeing that rape was okay.[56] Another 22% of European men (over one in five) believe women who are raped "make up" claims about being sexually assaulted (ranging from 47% of men in Malta to 8% in Sweden).[56] A staggering 74% of Europeans said their countries had domestic violence problems.[56] Another 12% (over one in ten) believe domestic violence shouldn't be punished by law.[56] Additionally, 24% of Europeans personally knows a rape or abuse victim.[56] Overall, this is unsurprising, given the fact that the top ten countries with the highest rates of rape are European or have European ancestry (Canada, Sweden, New Zealand, USA, UK, Finland, Germany, and Denmark), with the rates of rape only increasing.[57] Muslim countries are often accused of having higher rates of rape against women because of a "lack" of reporting, however this is only conjecture and is completely baseless as it is only an assumption based on prejudice and racism; as there is also a huge lack of reporting of rape in the West (it is estimated that 9 out of 10 rapes are never reported).[n. 18] One explanation of why the rate of rape is so low in Muslim countries is that they value virginity and marriage more, as well as discouraging the free mixing of the sexes, which prevents opportunities for rape to occur, given that the rapist is usually known to the victim for some time. Indeed stranger rape is very rare, with even the worst countries for rape having low rates of stranger rape.[58]

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ UAE tends to be a family-oriented society, where single women are very rare to find.
    1. Victoria Scott (4th November 2013) Going solo in the Gulf – what single women need to know. The Telegraph. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 4th, 2017.
  2. ^ The methodology is as follows:
    Part 1:
    1. 10% rate of rape in the UAE, translates to an under-reporting of rape by a factor of 10.
    2. 5% to 20% rate of rape in the US, translates to an under-reporting of rape by a factor of between 5 and 20.
    Part 2:
    1. Rate of rape in the UAE is 1.5 per 100,000.
    2. Rate of rape in the US is 27.3 per 100,000.
    Part 3:
    1. Adjusted rape for the UAE per 100,000 is 15 per 100,000.
    2. Adjusted rape for the US per 100,000 is 135.5 to 546 per 100,000.
    References:
    1. Country vs country: United Arab Emirates and United States compared: Crime stats. Nation Master. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 7th, 2017.
    2. Ola Salem (September 5th, 2012). Only one in 10 sex attacks against women in UAE is reported to police. The National. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 7th, 2017.
    3. Michelle Ye Hee Lee (December 9th, 2014). The truth about a viral graphic on rape statistics. The Washington Post. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 7th, 2017.
  3. ^ These foreign workers come a very diverse background in terms of education, some have little to none, up to extremely qualified.
    1. Intra-regional Labour Mobility in the Arab World. IOM Cairo. 2010. p. 70. GGKEY:U8Q92P9462Y.
  4. ^ One of the largest and most powerful of the European nations, the UK, voted against providing rights to their domestic workers by abstaining.
    1. Paul Rainford (June 16th, 2017). The UK could have led the way on rights for domestic workers. Instead it has refused to sign a new international convention that promotes fair pay, health and safety, and labour rights. blogs.lse.ac.uk. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 6th, 2017.
  5. ^ This image is taken from the following information leaflet created by Human Right's Watch.
    1. THE ILO DOMESTIC WORKERS CONVENTION NEW STANDARDS TO FIGHT DISCRIMINATION, EXPLOITATION, AND ABUSE. 2013. Human Rights Watch. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 6th, 2017.
  6. ^ It doesn't help that White women have readily accepted the label of "slut" for themselves.
    1. Holly J. McCammon (2017). The Oxford Handbook of U. S. Women's Social Movement Activism. Oxford University Press. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-19-020420-4.
  7. ^ Pornography is worth $4.9 billion dollars worldwide, with $2.84 billion dollars of it coming from the USA alone (58%). The most popular categories in the US (according to the "Internet Movie Adult Database") involve young White women before they've reached maturity and true scientific adulthood; the number one category for instance is "teen", followed by "MILF", "Wife", "Cheerleader", "Nurse", "Daughter", "Coed", "Girlfriend", "Cougar", "Sister", "Baby Sitter", "Sorority", "Schoolgirl", "Hitchhiker", and "Runaway". Additionally, there are 42.3 million requests for child pornography per year (116,000 per day). Over 70.5% of the women involved in pornography are White women, followed by Black (14%), Latina (9.3%), Asian (5.2%) and Indian American (no data).
    1. Lisa Wade (March 10th, 2013) Secrets of the Internet Adult Film Database. The Society Pages. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 5th, 2017.
    2. Jason Chen (June 1st, 2010). Finally, Some Actual Stats on Internet Porn. Gizmodo. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 5th, 2017.
  8. ^ For instance, these are the most ridiculous claims summed up from the article in a nutshell:
    1. The first problem is in the title, no the study did not say Canada is "more violent" than Sudan. It simply stated a fact, that Sudan does indeed have a lower individual homicide rate than Canada. What evidence does Front Page Magazine provide? None. It just assumes Black people are more violent than, predominantly White, Canada.
    2. The second problem is that the article claims "individual homicide rates" are the same as "suicide rates"; and therefore somehow should be counted as murder (claiming that Japan deceitfully "conceals" murder rates in this way), otherwise the statistics "lie". This is clear fraud. The two are completely different things.
    3. The next problem is that the alt-right author claims that random Christian countries were selected to look at the study. This is true. They did. That's how science works. Use randomised samples, not selected samples as this creates bias. Front Page Magazine's author, however, is clearly scientifically illiterate.
    Daniel Greenfield (January 21, 2016). "MUSLIM COUNTRIES HAVE LOW MURDER RATES" STUDY SAYS CANADA MORE VIOLENT THAN SUDAN. Front Page Magazine. Retrieved November 18th, 2016.
  9. ^ Unreported rapes in the US and UK are quite high, estimated at some 90%.
    1. Michelle Ye Hee Lee (December 9th, 2014). The truth about a viral graphic on rape statistics. Washington Post. Retrieved November 7th, 2016.
    2. BETWEEN 70-90% RAPES THOUGHT TO GO UNREPORTED …AND 94% OF REPORTED CASES DON’T END IN A CONVICTION. 14 October 2009. University of Surrey. Retrieved November 7th, 2016.
    3. Nina Lakhani (March 12th, 2012). Unreported rapes: the silent shame. The Independent. Retrieved November 7th, 2016.
  10. ^ UAE tends to be a family-oriented society, where single women are very rare to find.
    1. Victoria Scott (4th November 2013) Going solo in the Gulf – what single women need to know. The Telegraph. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 4th, 2017.
  11. ^ The methodology is as follows:
    Part 1:
    1. 10% rate of rape in the UAE, translates to an under-reporting of rape by a factor of 10.
    2. 5% to 20% rate of rape in the US, translates to an under-reporting of rape by a factor of between 5 and 20.
    Part 2:
    1. Rate of rape in the UAE is 1.5 per 100,000.
    2. Rate of rape in the US is 27.3 per 100,000.
    Part 3:
    1. Adjusted rape for the UAE per 100,000 is 15 per 100,000.
    2. Adjusted rape for the US per 100,000 is 135.5 to 546 per 100,000.
    References:
    1. Country vs country: United Arab Emirates and United States compared: Crime stats. Nation Master. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 7th, 2017.
    2. Ola Salem (September 5th, 2012). Only one in 10 sex attacks against women in UAE is reported to police. The National. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 7th, 2017.
    3. Michelle Ye Hee Lee (December 9th, 2014). The truth about a viral graphic on rape statistics. The Washington Post. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 7th, 2017.
  12. ^ These foreign workers come a very diverse background in terms of education, some have little to none, up to extremely qualified.
    1. Intra-regional Labour Mobility in the Arab World. IOM Cairo. 2010. p. 70. GGKEY:U8Q92P9462Y.
  13. ^ This image is taken from the following information leaflet created by Human Right's Watch.
    1. THE ILO DOMESTIC WORKERS CONVENTION NEW STANDARDS TO FIGHT DISCRIMINATION, EXPLOITATION, AND ABUSE. 2013. Human Rights Watch. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 6th, 2017.
  14. ^ One of the largest and most powerful of the European nations, the UK, voted against providing rights to their domestic workers by abstaining.
    1. Paul Rainford (June 16th, 2017). The UK could have led the way on rights for domestic workers. Instead it has refused to sign a new international convention that promotes fair pay, health and safety, and labour rights. blogs.lse.ac.uk. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 6th, 2017.
  15. ^ It doesn't help that White women have readily accepted the label of "slut" for themselves.
    1. Holly J. McCammon (2017). The Oxford Handbook of U. S. Women's Social Movement Activism. Oxford University Press. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-19-020420-4.
  16. ^ Pornography is worth $4.9 billion dollars worldwide, with $2.84 billion dollars of it coming from the USA alone (58%). The most popular categories in the US (according to the "Internet Movie Adult Database") involve young White women before they've reached maturity and true scientific adulthood; the number one category for instance is "teen", followed by "MILF", "Wife", "Cheerleader", "Nurse", "Daughter", "Coed", "Girlfriend", "Cougar", "Sister", "Baby Sitter", "Sorority", "Schoolgirl", "Hitchhiker", and "Runaway". Additionally, there are 42.3 million requests for child pornography per year (116,000 per day). Over 70.5% of the women involved in pornography are White women, followed by Black (14%), Latina (9.3%), Asian (5.2%) and Indian American (no data).
    1. Lisa Wade (March 10th, 2013) Secrets of the Internet Adult Film Database. The Society Pages. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 5th, 2017.
    2. Jason Chen (June 1st, 2010). Finally, Some Actual Stats on Internet Porn. Gizmodo. WayBackMachine Link. Retrieved May 5th, 2017.
  17. ^ For instance, these are the most ridiculous claims summed up from the article in a nutshell:
    1. The first problem is in the title, no the study did not say Canada is "more violent" than Sudan. It simply stated a fact, that Sudan does indeed have a lower individual homicide rate than Canada. What evidence does Front Page Magazine provide? None. It just assumes Black people are more violent than, predominantly White, Canada.
    2. The second problem is that the article claims "individual homicide rates" are the same as "suicide rates"; and therefore somehow should be counted as murder (claiming that Japan deceitfully "conceals" murder rates in this way), otherwise the statistics "lie". This is clear fraud. The two are completely different things.
    3. The next problem is that the alt-right author claims that random Christian countries were selected to look at the study. This is true. They did. That's how science works. Use randomised samples, not selected samples as this creates bias. Front Page Magazine's author, however, is clearly scientifically illiterate.
    Daniel Greenfield (January 21, 2016). "MUSLIM COUNTRIES HAVE LOW MURDER RATES" STUDY SAYS CANADA MORE VIOLENT THAN SUDAN. Front Page Magazine. Retrieved November 18th, 2016.
  18. ^ Unreported rapes in the US and UK are quite high, estimated at some 90%.
    1. Michelle Ye Hee Lee (December 9th, 2014). The truth about a viral graphic on rape statistics. Washington Post. Retrieved November 7th, 2016.
    2. BETWEEN 70-90% RAPES THOUGHT TO GO UNREPORTED …AND 94% OF REPORTED CASES DON’T END IN A CONVICTION. 14 October 2009. University of Surrey. Retrieved November 7th, 2016.
    3. Nina Lakhani (March 12th, 2012). Unreported rapes: the silent shame. The Independent. Retrieved November 7th, 2016.

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External Links