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'D' Company (Indian Mafia Crime Syndicate)

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<div style="text-align:justify; word-spacing: -0.1em; letter-spacing: -0em; line-height:100%; width:100%;"> Ibrahim's brother, Anis, was in charge of controlling all the violent characters within the syndicate, who put them to work in the protection and extortion side of D-Company's business.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> Ibrahim in the meanwhile dealt with the much more unstable plethora of small gangs to commit other forms of violence for his organisation.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> He was able to do this by making them dependent upon him alone.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> Furthermore, if they showed any sign of independence outside of what was allowed, Ibrahim would have them permanently liquidated.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> Ibrahim in return offered these gangs advanced protection from the dozens of other mafia's within his city.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> This protection was not limited to having other gangs carry out reprisals but also from the police where Ibrahim's influence had simultaneously infiltrated.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> By now D-Company became widely known across the Indian sub-continent.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> Chhota Rajan for instance was known as Ibrahims ''"Home Secretary"'' as such was the level of his power.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> Another important affiliate was that of Tiger Memon, who was charged with organising the gold, silver and consumer goods monopoly across the city.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> By the end of the 1980s, D-Company had experienced a colossal amount of growth and prestige.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> D-Company was not immune to this violence, as splinter groups began to form challenging Ibrahim's hegemony.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> One of his liutenents felt so threatened that he fled to Dubai in order to avoid the many hits on his life.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> Internal strife also escalated within the syndicate, where with Chhota Shakeel's prestige irking Rajan.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> This rivalry continues up to the present, where Shakeel vowed, and tried, to assassinate him.<ref name="chhotashakeelrajan">''[http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/chhota-rajan-faces-death-threat-from-chhota-shakeel-while-in-tihar-jail-2778850/ Senior Tihar official gets SMS from Chhota Shakeel, threatens to kill Chhota Rajan]''. May 1st, 2016. The Indian Express. Retrieved January 10th, 2017.</ref>
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||[[File:2F9CDDB200000578-0-image-a-105_1451128487852.jpg|thumb|center|70px|<div style="text-align:justify; word-spacing: -0.1em; letter-spacing: -0em; line-height:100%; width:100%; font-size:80%;">Chhota Shakeel; last known photograph.</div>]]
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<small style="border:1px solid; padding:1px 3px; background:#ff0000; color:#FFFFFF; white-space:nowrap">Wealth:—</small>
Ibrahim started crime very young, and it wasn't until when he was 20 years old that he really began to earn big money.<ref name="Zaidi2012">S. Hussain Zaidi (10 August 2012). ''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Xc5bBAAAQBAJ&pg=PT337&dq=dawood+Ibrahim+counterfeiting&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj475agtbTRAhVFIsAKHfiMApw4ChDoAQgmMAI#v=onepage&q=dawood%20Ibrahim%20counterfeiting&f=false Dongri to Dubai: Six Decades of Mumbai Mafia]''. Roli Books Private Limited. p. 337. ISBN 978-81-7436-818-8.</ref> Ibrahim is estimated to have accumulated a personal fortune of $6.7 billion dollars.<ref name="Manish Sahajwani (Unknown Date).">Manish Sahajwani (Unknown Date). ''[http://www.investopedia.com/financial-edge/0912/8-of-the-richest-gangsters-of-all-time.aspx 8 Of The Richest Gangsters Of All Time]''. Investopedia. Retrieved January 4th, 2017.</ref><ref name="therichestnetworth">''[http://www.therichest.com/celebnetworth/richest-criminals/dawood-ibrahim-net-worth/ Dawood Ibrahim Net Worth]''. The Richest. Retrieved January 4th, 2017.</ref> Often times there is no usually no reliable estimates for what mobsters are worth given their secrecy and illegal activities, but Ibrahim's estimates are actually different.<ref name="HayBeaverstock2016">Iain Hay; Jonathan V Beaverstock (29 January 2016). ''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=M4peCwAAQBAJ&pg=PA207&dq=dawood+Ibrahim+billion+dollars&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiI_JHGgajRAhWLI8AKHQQuAEEQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=dawood%20Ibrahim%20billion%20dollars&f=false Handbook on Wealth and the Super-Rich]''. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-78347-404-2.</ref> Along with the infamous Columbian cocaine drug lord Pablo Escobar, Ibrahim is amongst one of the most verifiably richest mobsters in history (indeed the only two mafia bosses who have had any sort of evidence to back up their claims).<ref name="HayBeaverstock2016"/> Ibrahim is also known to pay his associates very well; and he even pays call girls ten times their going rates (Rs. 100,000 rupees as opposed to only Rs. 10,000 rupees), and hiring more than one at a time.<ref name="King2004">Gilbert King (2004). ''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=QYPyAAAAMAAJ&q=dawood+ibrahim+100,000&dq=dawood+ibrahim+100,000&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiC_YbZxqfRAhWIKMAKHYPHAFcQ6AEIHDAA The Most Dangerous Man in the World: Dawood Ibrahim: Billionaire Gangster, Protector of Osama Bin Laden, Nuclear Black Market Entrepreneur, Islamic Extremist, and Global Terrorist]''. Chamberlain Bros. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-59609-001-9.</ref> By the early 1990s, the mobster was earning at least $250 million dollars a year in India alone, buying a range of ecletic properties in Kathmandu, Karachi and London.<ref name="Glenny2009">Misha Glenny (13 April 2009). ''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=4RLJIkFRHAgC&pg=PA156&dq=dawood+Ibrahim+billion+dollars&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiI_JHGgajRAhWLI8AKHQQuAEEQ6AEIPDAG#v=onepage&q=dawood%20Ibrahim%20billion%20dollars&f=false McMafia: Seriously Organised Crime]''. Random House. p. 154-156. ISBN 978-1-4090-7714-5.</ref> The Indian government believe he controls a $10.2 billion dollar empire (₹7,000 Crore rupees),<ref name="Verma2009"/> however given the extent of Ibrahim's activities, especially in laundering money, his empire is probably worth a lot more. D-Company is thought to have laundered $120 billion dollars of cash by investing it in the KSE, at a time when the Pakistani GDP was only $130 billion dollars.<ref name="laundering">Amitabh Mattoo (September 19, 2009). ''[http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/Book:+The+new+axis+of+evil/1/62546.html Book: The new axis of evil]''. India Today. Retrieved January 8th, 2017.</ref><ref>''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=iTZWAAAAYAAJ&q=%22$120+billion+was+pumped+through+the+KSE,+a+year+when+the+country%27s+economy+totalled+only+about+$130+billion%22&dq=%22$120+billion+was+pumped+through+the+KSE,+a+year+when+the+country%27s+economy+totalled+only+about+$130+billion%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj6l-2_vrHRAhUKcRQKHa0yCukQ6AEIHDAA India Today]''. Thomson Living Media India Limited. 2009. Volume 34, Issues 36-43. p. 256.</ref> The US Treasury Department considers Ibrahim as the Godfather of criminal gangs in India, Dubai and Bangkok.<ref name="BryerLebson2011">Lanning G. Bryer; Scott J. Lebson; Matthew D. Asbell (29 March 2011). ''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=jgxelQ8TAfsC&pg=PA129&dq=dawood+Ibrahim+counterfeiting&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi3v_CAtbTRAhWKLMAKHV8XDaoQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=dawood%20Ibrahim%20counterfeiting&f=false Intellectual Property Strategies for the 21st Century Corporation: A Shift in Strategic and Financial Management]''. John Wiley & Sons. p. 129. ISBN 978-1-118-09597-3.</ref><ref name="Blakeney2012">Michael Blakeney (1 January 2012). ''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Gykn_hyI97QC&pg=PA21&dq=dawood+Ibrahim+counterfeiting+-terrorism&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjx1Jn0trTRAhULC8AKHTRPCCgQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=dawood%20Ibrahim%20counterfeiting%20-terrorism&f=false Intellectual Property Enforcement: A Commentary on the Anti-counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA)]''. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-78100-600-9.</ref>
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||[[File:dawood-ibrahim-2-27-1461740852.jpg|thumb|center|140px|<div style="text-align:justify; word-spacing: -0.1em; letter-spacing: -0em; line-height:100%; width:100%; font-size:80%;">D-Company at a wedding party in India.</div>]]
[[File:2F9CDDB200000578-0-image-a-105_1451128487852.jpg|thumb|center|1000px|<div style="text-align:justify; word-spacing: -0.1em; letter-spacing: -0em; line-height:100%; width:100%; font-size:80%;">Chhota Shakeel; last known photograph.</div>]]
<div style="text-align:justify; word-spacing: -0.1em; letter-spacing: -0em; line-height:100%; width:100%;"> Ibrahim's brother, Anis, was in charge of controlling all the violent characters within the syndicate, who put them to work in the protection and extortion side of D-Company's business.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> Ibrahim in the meanwhile dealt with the much more unstable plethora of small gangs to commit other forms of violence for his organisation.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> He was able to do this by making them dependent upon him alone.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> Furthermore, if they showed any sign of independence outside of what was allowed, Ibrahim would have them permanently liquidated.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> Ibrahim in return offered these gangs advanced protection from the dozens of other mafia's within his city.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> This protection was not limited to having other gangs carry out reprisals but also from the police where Ibrahim's influence had simultaneously infiltrated.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> By now D-Company became widely known across the Indian sub-continent.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> Chhota Rajan for instance was known as Ibrahims ''"Home Secretary"'' as such was the level of his power.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> Another important affiliate was that of Tiger Memon, who was charged with organising the gold, silver and consumer goods monopoly across the city.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> By the end of the 1980s, D-Company had experienced a colossal amount of growth and prestige.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> D-Company was not immune to this violence, as splinter groups began to form challenging Ibrahim's hegemony.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> One of his liutenents felt so threatened that he fled to Dubai in order to avoid the many hits on his life.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> Internal strife also escalated within the syndicate, where with Chhota Shakeel's prestige irking Rajan.<ref name="Glenny2009"/> This rivalry continues up to the present, where Shakeel vowed, and tried, to assassinate him.<ref name="chhotashakeelrajan">''[http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/chhota-rajan-faces-death-threat-from-chhota-shakeel-while-in-tihar-jail-2778850/ Senior Tihar official gets SMS from Chhota Shakeel, threatens to kill Chhota Rajan]''. May 1st, 2016. The Indian Express. Retrieved January 10th, 2017.</ref>
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<div style="text-align:justify; word-spacing: -0.1em; letter-spacing: -0em; line-height:100%; width:100%;">
<small style="border:1px solid; padding:1px 3px; background:#ff0000; color:#FFFFFF; white-space:nowrap">Wealth:—</small>
Ibrahim started crime very young, and it wasn't until when he was 20 years old that he really began to earn big money.<ref name="Zaidi2012">S. Hussain Zaidi (10 August 2012). ''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Xc5bBAAAQBAJ&pg=PT337&dq=dawood+Ibrahim+counterfeiting&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj475agtbTRAhVFIsAKHfiMApw4ChDoAQgmMAI#v=onepage&q=dawood%20Ibrahim%20counterfeiting&f=false Dongri to Dubai: Six Decades of Mumbai Mafia]''. Roli Books Private Limited. p. 337. ISBN 978-81-7436-818-8.</ref> Ibrahim is estimated to have accumulated a personal fortune of $6.7 billion dollars.<ref name="Manish Sahajwani (Unknown Date).">Manish Sahajwani (Unknown Date). ''[http://www.investopedia.com/financial-edge/0912/8-of-the-richest-gangsters-of-all-time.aspx 8 Of The Richest Gangsters Of All Time]''. Investopedia. Retrieved January 4th, 2017.</ref><ref name="therichestnetworth">''[http://www.therichest.com/celebnetworth/richest-criminals/dawood-ibrahim-net-worth/ Dawood Ibrahim Net Worth]''. The Richest. Retrieved January 4th, 2017.</ref> Often times there is no usually no reliable estimates for what mobsters are worth given their secrecy and illegal activities, but Ibrahim's estimates are actually different.<ref name="HayBeaverstock2016">Iain Hay; Jonathan V Beaverstock (29 January 2016). ''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=M4peCwAAQBAJ&pg=PA207&dq=dawood+Ibrahim+billion+dollars&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiI_JHGgajRAhWLI8AKHQQuAEEQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=dawood%20Ibrahim%20billion%20dollars&f=false Handbook on Wealth and the Super-Rich]''. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-78347-404-2.</ref> Along with the infamous Columbian cocaine drug lord Pablo Escobar, Ibrahim is amongst one of the most verifiably richest mobsters in history (indeed the only two mafia bosses who have had any sort of evidence to back up their claims).<ref name="HayBeaverstock2016"/> Ibrahim is also known to pay his associates very well; and he even pays call girls ten times their going rates (Rs. 100,000 rupees as opposed to only Rs. 10,000 rupees), and hiring more than one at a time.<ref name="King2004">Gilbert King (2004). ''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=QYPyAAAAMAAJ&q=dawood+ibrahim+100,000&dq=dawood+ibrahim+100,000&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiC_YbZxqfRAhWIKMAKHYPHAFcQ6AEIHDAA The Most Dangerous Man in the World: Dawood Ibrahim: Billionaire Gangster, Protector of Osama Bin Laden, Nuclear Black Market Entrepreneur, Islamic Extremist, and Global Terrorist]''. Chamberlain Bros. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-59609-001-9.</ref> By the early 1990s, the mobster was earning at least $250 million dollars a year in India alone, buying a range of ecletic properties in Kathmandu, Karachi and London.<ref name="Glenny2009">Misha Glenny (13 April 2009). ''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=4RLJIkFRHAgC&pg=PA156&dq=dawood+Ibrahim+billion+dollars&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiI_JHGgajRAhWLI8AKHQQuAEEQ6AEIPDAG#v=onepage&q=dawood%20Ibrahim%20billion%20dollars&f=false McMafia: Seriously Organised Crime]''. Random House. p. 154-156. ISBN 978-1-4090-7714-5.</ref> The Indian government believe he controls a $10.2 billion dollar empire (₹7,000 Crore rupees),<ref name="Verma2009"/> however given the extent of Ibrahim's activities, especially in laundering money, his empire is probably worth a lot more. D-Company is thought to have laundered $120 billion dollars of cash by investing it in the KSE, at a time when the Pakistani GDP was only $130 billion dollars.<ref name="laundering">Amitabh Mattoo (September 19, 2009). ''[http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/Book:+The+new+axis+of+evil/1/62546.html Book: The new axis of evil]''. India Today. Retrieved January 8th, 2017.</ref><ref>''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=iTZWAAAAYAAJ&q=%22$120+billion+was+pumped+through+the+KSE,+a+year+when+the+country%27s+economy+totalled+only+about+$130+billion%22&dq=%22$120+billion+was+pumped+through+the+KSE,+a+year+when+the+country%27s+economy+totalled+only+about+$130+billion%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj6l-2_vrHRAhUKcRQKHa0yCukQ6AEIHDAA India Today]''. Thomson Living Media India Limited. 2009. Volume 34, Issues 36-43. p. 256.</ref> The US Treasury Department considers Ibrahim as the Godfather of criminal gangs in India, Dubai and Bangkok.<ref name="BryerLebson2011">Lanning G. Bryer; Scott J. Lebson; Matthew D. Asbell (29 March 2011). ''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=jgxelQ8TAfsC&pg=PA129&dq=dawood+Ibrahim+counterfeiting&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi3v_CAtbTRAhWKLMAKHV8XDaoQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=dawood%20Ibrahim%20counterfeiting&f=false Intellectual Property Strategies for the 21st Century Corporation: A Shift in Strategic and Financial Management]''. John Wiley & Sons. p. 129. ISBN 978-1-118-09597-3.</ref><ref name="Blakeney2012">Michael Blakeney (1 January 2012). ''[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Gykn_hyI97QC&pg=PA21&dq=dawood+Ibrahim+counterfeiting+-terrorism&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjx1Jn0trTRAhULC8AKHTRPCCgQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=dawood%20Ibrahim%20counterfeiting%20-terrorism&f=false Intellectual Property Enforcement: A Commentary on the Anti-counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA)]''. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-78100-600-9.</ref>
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