The Crazyhorse Collateral Murders ("Collateral Murder", 2007)

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The US military clearly about to murder unarmed Iraqi people.

Introduction:— "Collateral Murder" is a video that was released by "Wikileaks" onto YouTube in 2010,[1] thanks in large parts to the efforts of Bradley Manning (now 'Chelsea Manning').[2] It was released on April 3rd, and shows Iraqis, Iraqi children and several foreign journalists, being targeted and murdered[3][4][5] by the US military (who used two "Apache"[6][7] Gunships on July 12th, 2007).[8] Perhaps more problematic was that the US military actively covered up the murders,[9] and sent a statement published in the "New York Times", disingenuously calling them "insurgents" (they weren't) and "two civilians" (they all were).[8][n. 1] The "two" civilians that were murdered were 22 year old journalist Namir Noor-Eldeen and 40 year old driver Saeed Chmagh.[8] The other victims remain unknown, but included two children—one of whom who's father was shot to death in a barrage of .30 cal cannon fire[10]—and one of whom had glass shards embedded in her eyes.[11][12] The incident was covered up by the US military,[13] and laid to rest for two years[14] before Manning leaked it.[n. 2] One of the soldiers who participated in the video was later interviewed, who described seeing the top half of one man's head who's "brains were on the ground".[15] The same soldier described how he saw the "four year old [girl]" he had picked up have "a wound to [her] stomach...and...blood around her eyes".[15] The same soldier—who was one of the few good ones in the US military—was "exhilerated" when it was leaked online, and became public knowledge.[9]

A Rare Hero:— Manning was orignally a military intelligence analyst working in Baghdad where in May 2010, she was formally arrested (presumably she was dismayed at the constant murdering the US was carrying out against Iraqis).[16] She later testified in court that she had leaked the massive archive of military and diplomatic cables, which amounted to a sum of over 700,000 documents.[17] The most important of them, which gained public traction was "collateral murder".[17] Her primary motivation for the leak was down to the fact that she had wanted "to make the world a better place", and perhaps her most significant contribution was in exposing how the US military naturally operates; often mocking their innocent victims before murdering them.[17] Manning had her sentence announced on April 2013, receiving a very harsh 35 year sentencing in prison.[18] The US military court conviction was based on self-confessions she had allegedly made in an internet chat forum with a former journalist by the name of Adrian Lamo, who sold her out to the FBI and the army counter-intelligence command.[16] Although the leak was sufficiently large, all of it could be fitted onto a music CD, which it was, when she rescued the data.[16] At least 22 charges were filed against her.[16] Prior to the publication of "Collateral Murder", Manning had approved of the cuts made to the 40-minute video, which was ground down to the crucial 17 minutes that saw the lives of 11 citizen's brutally massacred.[19] Obama reduced her sentence in 2017.[20]

The US military mocking murdering a father of two who stopped to help the dead and injured, whilst his children can be seen in the front and back.
The economic genocide of Iraq by the US murdered 850,000 Muslim children.

How Many People Were Murdered Like This by the US?:— The video tape of the highly organised—but heartless—massacre of Muslim civilians just by a single squad of US troops highlighted that thousands of attacks like this were indeed happening all across Iraq (and Afghanistan)—but were actively being covered up.[n. 3][n. 4] It furthermore highlighted that for US troops, this behaviour was completely normalised, allowed, encouraged and rewarded. It also brought attention to the heavily doctored casualty figures often released by the US military which were fed to the apathetic and unquestioning mainstream American media; who were actively spreading such heavily censored information and essentially acting as an indirect mouthpiece for the Republican regime in Washington, without having done any research themselves to verify the claims.[n. 5] The official death toll by the US military was always claimed at 100,000 dead. However this claim was absolutely destroyed by several high-quality, well-researched independent studies from reputable scientific journals, who verified it was several times higher; further reinforced by Wikileaks when they found the US was deliberately hiding the deaths of tens of thousands of Muslim dead themselves.[21][22] The respected medical journal "The Lancet" found that there were 654,965 deaths (2003—2006).[23] Another, "PLoS One", found that at least 461,000 were brutally murdered by the Americans between (2003—2011).[24][25] Additionally, 850,000 Muslim children died through the US's economic genocide programme.[n. 6]

How Did Ordinary US Citizens Feel About It?:— Ordinary US citizens actively supported[26] (and even enjoyed) seeing Iraq being bombed.[27] In the 2004 presidential election, two years into the war— and despite it[28]—the US electorate re-elected George W. Bush back to power.[29] Over 62 million Americans voted him into office (with his opponent, John Kerry, only getting 59 million votes).[30] In the previous election, Bush only received—and won with—50.5 million votes.[30] Even though it had been clear that Bush lied about his reasons for unleashing "shock and awe" onto the Iraqi people (which consisted of numerous—93% unguided, 70% missing-their-target-and-murdering-civilians[28]—air raid bombings of cities filled with millions of Muslims), an extra 12 million Americans still voted for him.[n. 7] In 2000, Bush only had an approval rating of some 50%, but after the 9/11 incident, it skyrocketed to 95%.[31] It decreased to 58% just before the Iraq War broke out[31]—but immediately rocketed to 71%[31] after he declared war on Muslims and Islam.[32][33][34] Bush was a disaster overall, who brought in the 2008 global recession,[n. 8] re-implemented barbaric medieval torture techniques from the Spanish Inquisition (1478—1834),[35][36] created numerous secret concentration camps (called "black sites"),[37] ballooned his countries debt,[n. 9] and not to mention the obvious fact that he was responsible for letting 9/11 happen in the first place,[38] as he ignored all warnings of an imminent incoming plot.[39] By 2008, Bush scored a pathetic 29% approval rating.[31]

Bush's 95% approval rating on Sept. 11th, 2001 and during the week of the monstrous war on Iraq on March 20th, 2003, spiking at 71%.

Video Transcript

Video Transcript[40]

The US military clearly about to murder unarmed Iraqi people.

Introduction:— "Collateral Murder" is a video that was released by "Wikileaks" onto YouTube in 2010,[1] thanks in large parts to the efforts of Bradley Manning (now 'Chelsea Manning').[2] It was released on April 3rd, and shows Iraqis, Iraqi children and several foreign journalists, being targeted and murdered[3][4][5] by the US military (who used two "Apache"[6][7] Gunships on July 12th, 2007).[8] Perhaps more problematic was that the US military actively covered up the murders,[9] and sent a statement published in the "New York Times", disingenuously calling them "insurgents" (they weren't) and "two civilians" (they all were).[8][n. 10] The "two" civilians that were murdered were 22 year old journalist Namir Noor-Eldeen and 40 year old driver Saeed Chmagh.[8] The other victims remain unknown, but included two children—one of whom who's father was shot to death in a barrage of .30 cal cannon fire[10]—and one of whom had glass shards embedded in her eyes.[11][12] The incident was covered up by the US military,[13] and laid to rest for two years[14] before Manning leaked it.[n. 11] One of the soldiers who participated in the video was later interviewed, who described seeing the top half of one man's head who's "brains were on the ground".[15] The same soldier described how he saw the "four year old [girl]" he had picked up have"a wound to [her] stomach...and...blood around her eyes".[15] The same soldier—who was one of the few good ones in the US military—was "exhilerated" when it was leaked online, and became public knowledge.[9]

The US military mocking murdering a father of two who stopped to help the dead and injured, whilst his children can be seen in the front and back.

A Rare Hero:— Manning was orignally a military intelligence analyst working in Baghdad where in May 2010, she was formally arrested (presumably she was dismayed at the constant murdering the US was carrying out against Iraqis).[16] She later testified in court that she had leaked the massive archive of military and diplomatic cables, which amounted to a sum of over 700,000 documents.[17] The most important of them, which gained public traction was "collateral murder".[17] Her primary motivation for the leak was down to the fact that she had wanted "to make the world a better place", and perhaps her most significant contribution was in exposing how the US military naturally operates; often mocking their innocent victims before murdering them.[17] Manning had her sentence announced on April 2013, receiving a very harsh 35 year sentencing in prison.[18] The US military court conviction was based on self-confessions she had allegedly made in an internet chat forum with a former journalist by the name of Adrian Lamo, who sold her out to the FBI and the army counter-intelligence command.[16] Although the leak was sufficiently large, all of it could be fitted onto a music CD, which it was, when she rescued the data.[16] At least 22 charges were filed against her.[16] Prior to the publication of "Collateral Murder", Manning had approved of the cuts made to the 40-minute video, which was ground down to the crucial 17 minutes that saw the lives of 11 citizen's brutally massacred.[19] Obama reduced her sentence in 2017.[20]

The economic genocide of Iraq by the US murdered 850,000 Muslim children.

How Many People Were Murdered Like This by the US?:— The video tape of the highly organised—but heartless—massacre of Muslim civilians just by a single squad of US troops highlighted that thousands of attacks like this were indeed happening all across Iraq (and Afghanistan)—but were actively being covered up.[n. 12][n. 13] It furthermore highlighted that for US troops, this behaviour was completely normalised, allowed, encouraged and rewarded. It also brought attention to the heavily doctored casualty figures often released by the US military which were fed to the apathetic and unquestioning mainstream American media; who were actively spreading such heavily censored information and essentially acting as an indirect mouthpiece for the Republican regime in Washington, without having done any research themselves to verify the claims.[n. 14] The official death toll by the US military was always claimed at 100,000 dead. However this claim was absolutely destroyed by several high-quality, well-researched independent studies from reputable scientific journals, who verified it was several times higher; further reinforced by Wikileaks when they found the US was deliberately hiding the deaths of tens of thousands of Muslim dead themselves.[21][22] The respected medical journal "The Lancet" found that there were 654,965 deaths (2003—2006).[23] Another, "PLoS One", found that at least 461,000 were brutally murdered by the Americans between (2003—2011).[24][25] Additionally, 850,000 Muslim children died through the US's economic genocide programme.[n. 15]

Bush's 95% approval rating on Sept. 11th, 2001 and during the week of the monstrous war on Iraq on March 20th, 2003, spiking at 71%.

How Did Ordinary US Citizens Feel About It?:— Ordinary US citizens actively supported[26] (and even enjoyed) seeing Iraq being bombed.[27] In the 2004 presidential election, two years into the war— and despite it[28]—the US electorate re-elected George W. Bush back to power.[29] Over 62 million Americans voted him into office (with his opponent, John Kerry, only getting 59 million votes).[30] In the previous election, Bush only received—and won with—50.5 million votes.[30] Even though it had been clear that Bush lied about his reasons for unleashing "shock and awe" onto the Iraqi people (which consisted of numerous—93% unguided, 70% missing-their-target-and-murdering-civilians[28]—air raid bombings of cities filled with millions of Muslims), an extra 12 million Americans still voted for him.[n. 16] In 2000, Bush only had an approval rating of some 50%, but after the 9/11 incident, it skyrocketed to 95%.[31] It decreased to 58% just before the Iraq War broke out[31]—but immediately rocketed to 71%[31] after he declared war on Muslims and Islam.[32][33][34] Bush was a disaster overall, who brought in the 2008 global recession,[n. 17] re-implemented barbaric medieval torture techniques from the Spanish Inquisition (1478—1834),[35][36] created numerous secret concentration camps (called "black sites"),[37] ballooned his countries debt,[n. 18] and not to mention the obvious fact that he was responsible for letting 9/11 happen in the first place,[38] as he ignored all warnings of an imminent incoming plot.[39] By 2008, Bush scored a pathetic 29% approval rating.[31]

Video Transcript

Video Transcript[40]

Sources

Footnotes

  1. ^ The video greatly angered Iraqis as exemplified by the fact that one man felt who was interviewed for a post-Saddam Iraq stated he wanted to kill Americans for revenge, not only for the killings of children but also the rape of children by White American soldiers.
    1. Victoria Fontan (30 December 2008). Voices from Post-Saddam Iraq: Living with Terrorism, Insurgency, and New Forms of Tyranny: Living with Terrorism, Insurgency, and New Forms of Tyranny. ABC-CLIO. pp. 173–174. ISBN 978-0-313-36533-1.
  2. ^ The US government is still trying to cover it up by deflecting attention from the casual murders by the US military by torturing Manning and keeping them in horrific conditions, so that the public concentrates on her, rather than what she leaked.
    1. Greg Martin; Rebecca Scott Bray; Miiko Kumar (8 May 2015). Secrecy, Law and Society. Routledge. p. 224. ISBN 978-1-317-57515-3.
  3. ^ Many more other cover ups include shooting to death pregnant women in Afghanistan, who then had the bullets dug out of their bodies.
    1. Rabbi Simon Altaf Hakohen. World War III - Salvation of the Jews. Lulu.com. pp. 73–74. ISBN 978-0-9825080-0-8.
  4. ^ Another former soldier details how he ordered rockets to be fired into a building and came across a family whom he directly murdered. The sole survivor was the mother, who put her hand on the US soldiers cheek and said "Inshallah" ("God wills it"); he did not tell her he had just murdered her family, but regretted his actions in a video crying about another incidence of mass murder.
    1. Grant Ivaw (September 16th, 2009). American Soldier Against IRAQ War 'I Killed Innocent People'. Youtube (abuusalih4). Retrieved May 5th, 2016.
  5. ^ The US media even actively promoted attacking Iraq, from "liberal hawks" to neo-conservatives.
    1. Michael Calderone (March 19th, 2013). Iraq War Media Failure Can Happen Again. The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
  6. ^ This doesn't count the 850,000 children of Iraqi origin who were deliberately starved to death by the US in the 1990s. None survived throughout the economic genocide.
    1. Nafeez Ahmed (April 8th, 2015). Unworthy victims: Western wars have killed four million Muslims since 1990. Middle-east Eye. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
    2. Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed (2003). Behind the War on Terror: Western Secret Strategy and the Struggle for Iraq. CLAIRVIEW BOOKS. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-902636-44-3.
  7. ^ However, some authors however claim that the "number didn't add up", and imply that the elections were rigged.
    1. Richard Charnin (25 March 2010). Proving Election Fraud: Phantom Voters, Uncounted Votes, and the National Exit Poll. AuthorHouse. p. 216. ISBN 978-1-4520-0666-6.
    2. Michael Parenti (10 March 2010). Democracy for the Few. Cengage Learning. p. 192. ISBN 1-111-79293-3.
  8. ^ "Nonetheless, the bulk of the blame for the crisis must be assigned to the Bush administration’s fiscal policy and the Greenspan Fed’s monetary policy. Why? Quite simply: fear and greed. The economic and speculative boom launched by the fiscal and monetary policies of the early 2000s raised the returns to greed—that is, the incentive to take on additional risk—to extraordinary levels. No matter how fear-inspiring the regulation and supervision was—and it was not—it would have been overwhelmed by dangerously high levels of greed."
    1. Richard S. Grossman (October 14th, 2013). Greed destroyed us all: George W. Bush and the real story of the Great Recession. Salon. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
  9. ^ US Debt rose from $5.66 trillion dollars to $10.7 trillion dollars. The Obama presidency increased this amount to $19.57 trillion dollars through doing nothing about the policies that had Bush had implemented. In fact Obama continued Bush's policies, resulting in huge debt growth.
    1. US National Debt (2000 to 2008). Wolfram Alpha. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
    2. US National Debt. Wolfram Alpha. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
    3. Robert U. Ayres (30 May 2014). The Bubble Economy: Is Sustainable Growth Possible?. MIT Press. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-262-02743-4.
    4. Kenneth Godwin; Scott H. Ainsworth; Erik Godwin (12 September 2012). Lobbying and Policymaking: The Public Pursuit of Private Interests. SAGE. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-4522-8934-2.
  10. ^ The video greatly angered Iraqis as exemplified by the fact that one man felt who was interviewed for a post-Saddam Iraq stated he wanted to kill Americans for revenge, not only for the killings of children but also the rape of children by White American soldiers.
    1. Victoria Fontan (30 December 2008). Voices from Post-Saddam Iraq: Living with Terrorism, Insurgency, and New Forms of Tyranny: Living with Terrorism, Insurgency, and New Forms of Tyranny. ABC-CLIO. pp. 173–174. ISBN 978-0-313-36533-1.
  11. ^ The US government is still trying to cover it up by deflecting attention from the casual murders by the US military by torturing Manning and keeping them in horrific conditions, so that the public concentrates on her, rather than what she leaked.
    1. Greg Martin; Rebecca Scott Bray; Miiko Kumar (8 May 2015). Secrecy, Law and Society. Routledge. p. 224. ISBN 978-1-317-57515-3.
  12. ^ Many more other cover ups include shooting to death pregnant women in Afghanistan, who then had the bullets dug out of their bodies.
    1. Rabbi Simon Altaf Hakohen. World War III - Salvation of the Jews. Lulu.com. pp. 73–74. ISBN 978-0-9825080-0-8.
  13. ^ Another former soldier details how he ordered rockets to be fired into a building and came across a family whom he directly murdered. The sole survivor was the mother, who put her hand on the US soldiers cheek and said "Inshallah" ("God wills it"); he did not tell her he had just murdered her family, but regretted his actions in a video crying about another incidence of mass murder.
    1. Grant Ivaw (September 16th, 2009). American Soldier Against IRAQ War 'I Killed Innocent People'. Youtube (abuusalih4). Retrieved May 5th, 2016.
  14. ^ The US media even actively promoted attacking Iraq, from "liberal hawks" to neo-conservatives.
    1. Michael Calderone (March 19th, 2013). Iraq War Media Failure Can Happen Again. The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
  15. ^ This doesn't count the 850,000 children of Iraqi origin who were deliberately starved to death by the US in the 1990s. None survived throughout the economic genocide.
    1. Nafeez Ahmed (April 8th, 2015). Unworthy victims: Western wars have killed four million Muslims since 1990. Middle-east Eye. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
    2. Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed (2003). Behind the War on Terror: Western Secret Strategy and the Struggle for Iraq. CLAIRVIEW BOOKS. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-902636-44-3.
  16. ^ However, some authors however claim that the "number didn't add up", and imply that the elections were rigged.
    1. Richard Charnin (25 March 2010). Proving Election Fraud: Phantom Voters, Uncounted Votes, and the National Exit Poll. AuthorHouse. p. 216. ISBN 978-1-4520-0666-6.
    2. Michael Parenti (10 March 2010). Democracy for the Few. Cengage Learning. p. 192. ISBN 1-111-79293-3.
  17. ^ "Nonetheless, the bulk of the blame for the crisis must be assigned to the Bush administration’s fiscal policy and the Greenspan Fed’s monetary policy. Why? Quite simply: fear and greed. The economic and speculative boom launched by the fiscal and monetary policies of the early 2000s raised the returns to greed—that is, the incentive to take on additional risk—to extraordinary levels. No matter how fear-inspiring the regulation and supervision was—and it was not—it would have been overwhelmed by dangerously high levels of greed."
    1. Richard S. Grossman (October 14th, 2013). Greed destroyed us all: George W. Bush and the real story of the Great Recession. Salon. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
  18. ^ US Debt rose from $5.66 trillion dollars to $10.7 trillion dollars. The Obama presidency increased this amount to $19.57 trillion dollars through doing nothing about the policies that had Bush had implemented. In fact Obama continued Bush's policies, resulting in huge debt growth.
    1. US National Debt (2000 to 2008). Wolfram Alpha. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
    2. US National Debt. Wolfram Alpha. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
    3. Robert U. Ayres (30 May 2014). The Bubble Economy: Is Sustainable Growth Possible?. MIT Press. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-262-02743-4.
    4. Kenneth Godwin; Scott H. Ainsworth; Erik Godwin (12 September 2012). Lobbying and Policymaking: The Public Pursuit of Private Interests. SAGE. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-4522-8934-2.

References

  1. ^ a b sunshinepress (April 3rd, 2010). Collateral Murder - Wikileaks - Iraq. YouTube. Retrieved January 18th, 2017.
  2. ^ a b Hans Schattle (2012). Globalization and Citizenship. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 72. ISBN 978-0-7425-6846-4.
  3. ^ a b Emily van der Meulen; Robert Heynen (2016). [https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=8NkQDAAAQBAJ&pg=PA185&dq=%22collateral+murder%22+2007&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjd9fqJ0czRAhVMFMAKHd82A3QQ6AEILDAD#v=onepage&q=%22collateral%20murder%22%202007&f=false Expanding the Gaze: Gender and the Politics of Surveillance. University of Toronto Press. p. 185-186. ISBN 978-1-4426-2896-0.
  4. ^ a b Henry A. Giroux (17 November 2015). Youth in Revolt: Reclaiming a Democratic Future. Routledge. pp. 39–40. ISBN 978-1-317-24858-3.
  5. ^ a b Jeffrey R. Di Leo; Henry A. Giroux; Sophia A McClennen; Kenneth J. Saltman (17 November 2015). Neoliberalism, Education, and Terrorism: Contemporary Dialogues. Routledge. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-317-25560-4.
  6. ^ a b David W. Lovell (28 November 2014). Investigating Operational Incidents in a Military Context:: Law, Justice, Politics. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 176. ISBN 978-90-04-27710-6.
  7. ^ a b Tom Cohen (April 7th, 2010). Leaked video reveals chaos of Baghdad attack. CNN. Retrieved January 18th, 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Dan Froomkin (May 25th, 2011). WikiLeaks VIDEO Exposes 2007 ‘Collateral Murder’ In Iraq. Huffington Post. Retrieved January 18th, 2017.
  9. ^ a b c d Denver Nicks (1 June 2012). Private: Bradley Manning, WikiLeaks, and the Biggest Exposure of Official Secrets in American History. Chicago Review Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-1-61374-071-2.
  10. ^ a b Mantelli - Brown - Kittel - Graf (23 June 2015). Apache - Boeing AH-64. Edizioni R.E.I. p. 76. ISBN 978-2-37297-223-9.
  11. ^ a b Kim Zetter (April 20th, 2010). U.S. Soldier on 2007 Apache Attack: What I Saw. Wired. Retrieved January 18th, 2017.
  12. ^ a b US soldier on aftermath of WikiLeaks Apache attack. October 28th, 2010. BBC News. Retrieved January 18th, 2017.
  13. ^ a b Chase Madar (26 March 2013). The Passion of Bradley Manning: The Story Behind the Wikileaks Whistleblower. Verso Books. p. 49-50. ISBN 978-1-78168-071-1.
  14. ^ a b Denver Nicks (1 June 2012). Private: Bradley Manning, WikiLeaks, and the Biggest Exposure of Official Secrets in American History. Chicago Review Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-1-61374-071-2.
  15. ^ a b c d Surviving 'Collateral Murder': Soldier relives infamous WikiLeaks video. April 7th, 2013. Russia Today. Retrieved January 18th, 2017.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h Julian Petley (15 August 2013). Media and Public Shaming: Drawing the Boundaries of Disclosure. I.B.Tauris. p. 86. ISBN 978-1-78076-587-7.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Mickey Huff; Andy Lee Roth; Project Censored (21 October 2014). Censored 2015: Inspiring We the People; The Top Censored Stories and Media Analysis of 2013- 2014. Seven Stories Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-60980-566-1.
  18. ^ a b Andrew T. Kenyon (21 April 2016). Comparative Defamation and Privacy Law. Cambridge University Press. p. 226. ISBN 978-1-107-12364-9.
  19. ^ a b Matt Sledge (June 12th, 2013). Bradley Manning ‘Approved’ Edits To ‘Collateral Murder’ Video, Witness Says. The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 19th, 2017.
  20. ^ a b Fred Kaplan (January 18th, 2017). Obama Was Right to Commute Chelsea Manning’s Sentence. Slate. Retrieved January 19th, 2017.
  21. ^ a b Maximilian C. Forte (October 2011). Interventionism, Information Warfare, and the Military-Academic Complex. Lulu.com. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-9868021-0-2.
  22. ^ a b Alexander Star (24 January 2011). Open Secrets: WikiLeaks, War and American Diplomacy. The New York Times Company. p. 339. ISBN 978-0-615-43957-0.
  23. ^ a b Gilbert Burnham, Shannon Doocy, Elizabeth Dzeng, Riyadh Lafta, Les Roberts (2006). The Human Cost of the War in Iraq: A Mortality Study, 2002-2006. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Center for International Studies, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore; Maryland School of Medicine and Al Mustansiriya University, Baghdad. (main website: http://web.mit.edu/humancostiraq/). Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
  24. ^ a b Iraq study estimates war-related deaths at 461,000. October 16th, 2013. BBC News. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
  25. ^ a b Mills, Edward J.; Hagopian, Amy; Flaxman, Abraham D.; Takaro, Tim K.; Esa Al Shatari, Sahar A.; Rajaratnam, Julie; Becker, Stan; Levin-Rector, Alison; Galway, Lindsay; Hadi Al-Yasseri, Berq J.; Weiss, William M.; Murray, Christopher J.; Burnham, Gilbert (2013). "Mortality in Iraq Associated with the 2003–2011 War and Occupation: Findings from a National Cluster Sample Survey by the University Collaborative Iraq Mortality Study". PLoS Medicine. 10 (10): e1001533. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001533. ISSN 1549-1676.
  26. ^ a b US voters 'endorsed Iraq policy'. January 16th, 2005. BBC News. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
  27. ^ a b Michael Bibby (2000). The Vietnam War and Postmodernity. Univ of Massachusetts Press. pp. 220–221. ISBN 1-55849-238-0.
  28. ^ a b c d Scott A. Bonn (17 June 2010). Mass Deception: Moral Panic and the U.S. War on Iraq. Rutgers University Press. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-8135-4996-5.
  29. ^ a b Bush victory: Global reaction. November 5th, 2004. BBC News. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
  30. ^ a b c d Judith S. Trent; Robert V. Friedenberg; Robert E. Denton (Jr.) (16 August 2011). Political Campaign Communication: Principles and Practices. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 319. ISBN 978-1-4422-0671-7.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h Presidential Approval Ratings -- George W. Bush. Gallup. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
  32. ^ a b Michael B. Kelley (May 11th, 2012). This Controversial Pentagon Course Taught That Islam Is America's True Enemy. Business Insider. Retrieved Janauary 29th, 2017.
  33. ^ a b Associated Press in Washington (May 11th, 2012). US military course taught officers 'Islam is the enemy'. The Guardian. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
  34. ^ a b Noah Shachtman, Spencer Ackerman (May 10th, 2012). U.S. Military Taught Officers: Use ‘Hiroshima’ Tactics for ‘Total War’ on Islam. Wired. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
  35. ^ a b Dean Reuter; John Yoo (23 August 2011). Confronting Terror: 9/11 and the Future of American National Security. Encounter Books. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-59403-563-0.
  36. ^ a b Michael Haas (2009). George W. Bush, War Criminal?: The Bush Administration's Liability for 269 War Crimes. ABC-CLIO. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-313-36499-0.
  37. ^ a b Anna Gonerko-Frej (6 January 2017). Ideological Battlegrounds – Constructions of Us and Them Before and After 9/11: Volume 2 Perspectives in Language. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 262. ISBN 978-1-4438-6261-5.
  38. ^ a b Howard Ball (2005). U.S. Homeland Security: A Reference Handbook. ABC-CLIO. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-85109-803-3.
  39. ^ a b Cenk Ugyur (June 21st, 2012). CIA Documents Show 9/11 Bin Laden Warnings Ignored. The Young Turks. Retrieved January 29th, 2017.
  40. ^ a b Collateral Murder. Wikileaks. Retrieved January 18th, 2017.

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